Engineering in Andhra Pradesh
Admission criteria: Merit-list based on marks in EAM-CET (Engineering, Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test); AIEEE and others
No. of Engineering Colleges: 689 (EAMCET) + 6 = 695
Total Sanctioned Intake: 316,445 + 3,263 = 319,708
Noteworthy Institutes: National Institute of Technology, Warangal; International Institute Information Technology, Hyderabad; IIT Hyderabad; BITS Hyderabad; Osmania University, Hyderabad; School of Planning and Architecture, Vijaywada
AP has the largest no. of engineering seats in the country accounting for nearly 22% of total intake.
Photo: Rohit Gautam
Andhra Pradesh is promoted by tourism department as “Koh-i-Noor of India and with the rapid rise in good engineering colleges it is indeed a shining jewel in the crown of technical education in India. Looking at the sheer numbers, both in terms of sanctioned intake and institutes, Andhra Pradesh is the biggest State. However, there are issues related to quality of engineering education in a large number of these colleges. The State has a National Instituteof Technology (NIT) at Warangal which goes back to 1959, but with the establishment of IIT, and IIIT at Hyderabad lately; the students now have an opportunity to get the best engineering education in Andhra Pradesh. The State has institutes which have large intake and these include Vignan University located in Vadiamudi, Guntur, that admits through AIEEE/EAMCET; BITS Hyderabad that has its own entrance exam; Bapatla Engineering College; Gokaraju Rangaraju IET at Kukatpally; RVR & JC College of Engineering, Chandramoulipuram and VR Siddhartha Engineering College at Kanuru. Another upcoming institute, primarily for the rural area students, the Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies (RGUKT) has now admitted its fourth batch (3000 students) in three IIITs at Nuzvid, Basar and RK Valley campuses. The distinguishing factor at RGUKT however is the six-year B.Tech integrated programme that is offered free of cost to majority of students. It is worthwhile to note that a staggering 95% institutes are private unaided institutes.
Most of the student intake (approximately 88%) is in five disciplines: Electronics & Communications (28%); Computer Science (23%); Electronics & Electrical (16%); Mechanical Engineering (12%) and Information Technology (9%). Another discipline has a fair share of intake: Civil Engineering (9%).
The other larger disciplines include Aeronautical Engineering with 2220 seats; Electronics & Instrumentation with 1820 seats; Biotechnology with 1410 seats and Chemical Engineering with intake of 1190. Interestingly, all the 23 districts in Andhra Pradesh have at least one engineering college. One should note that the intake calculation is based on institutions linked to EAM-CET and does not include those institutions that base admissions through JEE, AIEEE or through their own such as BITSAT.
Students can gain admission in Andhra Pradesh engineering Colleges through the EAM-CET or Engineering, Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test conducted by the Jawahar Lal Technical University (JNTU), Hyderabad on behalf of the Andhra Pradesh State Council of Higher Education (APSCHE). The Entrance Test is of 3-hour duration with 160 questions (80 in Mathematics and 40 each in Physics and Chemistry). All the questions carrying one mark each, are objective type with multiple choice answers in both English and Telugu. Choice of Urdu is available at the Hyderabad centre only. The qualifying percentage of marks at EAMCET is 25% or 40 out of 160. However, for candidates belonging to SC and ST no ‘minimum qualifying marks’ is prescribed by the Council. But the admission is limited to the extent of reserved seats in the said categories.
Having appeared in the exam, the candidates then are placed in the merit list based on the marks scored and ranked. The counselling and branch preferences are then possible. From 2012, it has become possible for candidates to submit EAMCET application form online.
Candidate should be an Indian National or Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) / Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) Card holders. They and should have passed/appeared the HSC (Std. XII) examination of Andhra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education or its equivalent examination AND obtained 25% score in subjects Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics added together at EAM-CET i.e. 40 out of a total 160. However, for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, no minimum qualifying mark is prescribed. But their admission will be limited to the extent of seats reserved for such categories.
Top Engineering Disciplines in AP
Distribution of Seats amongst various Prominent Engineering Branches in Andhra Pradesh
ECE: Electronics & Communication
IT: Information Technology
CSE: Computer Science
EEE: Electrical & Electronics