ICFAI University Hyderabad B.Tech Admissions 2024
Merit Scholarships  NAAC A+ Accredited  Top Recruiters : E&Y, CYENT, Nvidia, CISCO, Genpact, Amazon & many more
AP EAMCET Syllabus 2024  JNTUK released the AP EAMCET 2024 syllabus pdf on cets.apsche.ap.gov.in/EAPCET. The syllabus is organised as per the various subjects in the AP EAMCET exam. Candidates must refer to the AP EAMCET syllabus to familiarise themselves with all the important topics for AP EAMCET 2024. In addition to the syllabus, candidates can check the AP EAMCET 2024 exam pattern to get an idea of the exam. Candidates can also check the AP EAMCET 2024 weightage for BIPC / MPC along with the syllabus.
Latest: AP EAMCET Hall Ticket
The AP EAMCET 2024 examination for Engineering will be conducted from May 18 to 23, 2024. The syllabus for AP EAMCET includes subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. The official AP EAMCET 2024 syllabus PDF, provided by the exam conducting authorities, will contain comprehensive information about the main topics and subtopics within these subjects. The AP EAMCET Syllabus 2024 is a must for candidates to understand weightage chapterwise.
Candidates can check the AP EAMCET Syllabus 2024 for Mathematics below. The syllabus of AP EAMCET 2024 Mathematics includes algebra, calculus, trigonometry, geometry, and statistics. Understanding these concepts is vital for exam success. Moreover, candidates can also know the AP EAMCET Maths chapterwise weightage 2024.
Topics  Sub Topics 
Algebra  Functions: Types of functions â€“ Definitions  Domain, Range and Inverse 
Matrices: Types of matrices  Scalar multiple of a matrix and multiplication of matrices  Transpose of a matrix â€“ Determinants  properties of determinants  Adjoint and Inverse of a matrix â€“ Consistency and inconsistency of system of simultaneous equations  Rank of a matrix  Solution of simultaneous linear equations.  
Complex Numbers: Complex number as an ordered pair of real numbers fundamental operations  Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib  Modulus and amplitude of complex numbersâ€“Illustrations  Geometrical and Polar Representation of complex numbers in Argand planeArgand diagram  
De Moivreâ€™s Theorem: De Moivreâ€™s theorem Integral and Rational indices  n th roots of unity Geometrical Interpretationsâ€“Illustrations.  
Quadratic Expressions: Quadratic expressions, equations in one variable  Sign of quadratic expressions â€“ Change in signs â€“ Maximum and minimum values  Quadratic Inequations.  
Theory of Equations: The relation between the roots and coefficients in an equation  Solving an equations when two or more roots of it are connected by certain relation  Equation with real coefficients, occurrence of complex roots in conjugate pairs and its consequences, Transformation of equations Reciprocal equations.  
Permutations and Combinations: Fundamental Principle of counting â€“ linear and circular permutations Permutations of â€˜nâ€™ dissimilar things taken â€˜râ€™ at a time  Permutations when repetitions allowed  Circular permutations  Permutations with constraint repetitions  Combinationsdefinitions, certain theorems.  
Binomial Theorem: Binomial theorem for positive integral index, Binomial theorem for rational Index  Approximations using Binomial theorem  
Partial fractions: Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains non â€“repeated linear factors  Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) where both f(x) and g(x) are polynomials and when g(x) contains repeated and/or nonrepeated linear factors  Partial fractions of f(x)/g(x) when g(x) contains irreducible factors.  
Trigonometric Ratios up to Transformations: Trigonometric ratios â€“ Variation  Graphs and Periodicity of Trigonometric functions  Trigonometric ratios of Compound angles  Trigonometric ratios of multiple and sub multiple angles  Transformations  Sum and Product rules.  
Trigonometric Equations: General solutions of Trigonometric Equations â€“ Simple Trigonometric Equations â€“ Solutions.  
Inverse Trigonometric Functions: To reduce a Trigonometric function into a bijective function â€“ Graphs of Inverse Trigonometric functions â€“ Properties of Inverse Trigonometric functions.  
Hyperbolic Functions: Definition of Hyperbolic Function â€“ Graphs  Definition of Inverse Hyperbolic Functions â€“ Graphs  Addition formulae of Hyperbolic Functions  
Properties of Triangles: Relation between sides and angles of a Triangle  Sine, Cosine, Tangent and Projection rules Half angle formulae and areas of a triangle â€“ Incircle and Excircles of a Triangle.  
Addition of Vectors: Vectors as a triad of real numbers  Classification of vectors  Addition of vectors  Scalar multiplication  Angle between two nonzero vectors  Linear combination of vectors  Components of a vector in three dimensions  Vector equations of line and plane including their Cartesian equivalent forms.  
Product of Vectors: Scalar or dot product of two vectors  Geometrical Interpretations  orthogonal projections  Properties of dot product  Expression of dot product in i, j, k system  Angle between two vectors  Geometrical Vector methods â€“ Vector equations of plane in normal formAngle between two planes Vector product of two vectors and properties Vector product in i, j, k system Vector Areas â€“ Scalar triple product â€“ Vector equation of a plane â€“ different forms, skew lines, shortest distance â€“ plane, condition for coplanarity etc. â€“ vector triple product â€“ results.  
MEASURES OF DISPERSION AND PROBABILITY  Measures of Dispersion  Range  Mean deviation  Variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data, coefficient of variation and analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances. 
Probability: Random experiments and events  Classical definition of probability, Axiomatic approach and addition theorem of probability  Independent and dependent events  conditional probability multiplication theorem and Bayeâ€™s theorem.  
Random Variables and Probability Distributions: Random Variables  Theoretical discrete distributions â€“ Binomial and Poisson Distributions.  
Locus: Definition of locus â€“ Illustrations  To find equations of locus  Problems connected to it  
The Straight Line: Revision of fundamental results  Straight line  Normal form â€“ Illustrations  Straight line  Symmetric form  Straight line  Reduction into various forms  Intersection of two Straight Lines  Family of straight lines  Concurrent lines  Condition for Concurrent lines  Angle between two lines  Length of perpendicular from a point to a Line  Distance between two parallel lines  Concurrent lines  properties related to a triangle.  
Pair of Straight lines: Equations of pair of lines passing through origin  angle between a pair of lines  Condition for perpendicular and coincident lines, bisectors of angles  Pair of bisectors of angles  Pair of lines  second degree general equation  Conditions for parallel lines  distance between them, Point of intersection of pair of lines  Homogenising a second degree equation with a first degree equation in x and y.  
Circle: Equation of circle  Equation of circle standard formcentre and radius  Equation of a circle with a given line segment as diameter & equation of a circle through three non collinear points  parametric equations of a circle  Position of a point in the plane of a circle â€“ power of a pointdefinition of tangentlength of tangent  Position of a straight line in the plane of a circleconditions for a line to be tangent â€“ chord joining two points on a circle â€“ equation of the tangent at a point on the circle point of contactequation of normalChord of contactpole and polarconjugate points and conjugate lines equation of chord with given middle point, Relative position of two circles circles touching each other externally, internally common tangents â€“centers of similitude equation of pair of tangents from an external point.  
System of circles: Angle between two intersecting circles â€“condition for orthogonality  Radical axis of two circles properties Common chord and common tangent of two circles â€“ radical centre  Intersection of a line and a Circle.  
Parabola: Conic sections â€“Parabola equation of parabola in standard formdifferent forms of parabola parametric equations, Equations of tangent and normal at a point on the parabola (Cartesian and Parametric) conditions for straight line to be a tangent.  
Ellipse: Equation of ellipse in standard form Parametric equations, Equation of tangent and normal at a point on the ellipse (Cartesian and parametric) condition for a straight line to be a tangent.  
Hyperbola: Equation of hyperbola in standard form Parametric equations  Equations of tangent and normal at a point on the hyperbola (Cartesian and parametric)  conditions for a straight line to be tangentAsymptotes.  
Three Dimensional Coordinates: Coordinates  Section formulae  Centroid of a triangle and tetrahedron.  
Direction Cosines and Direction Ratios: Direction Cosines  Direction Ratios  
Plane: Cartesian equation of Plane  Simple Illustrations  
CALCULUS  Limits and Continuity: Intervals and neighbourhoods â€“ Limits  Standard Limits â€“Continuity 
Differentiation: Derivative of a function  Elementary Properties  Trigonometric, Inverse Trigonometric, Hyperbolic, Inverse Hyperbolic Function â€“ Derivatives  Methods of Differentiation â€“ Second Order Derivatives.  
Applications of Derivatives: Errors & Approximations  Geometrical Interpretation of a derivative  Equations of tangents and normal to a curve â€“ Lengths of Tangent, Normal, Subtangent and subnormal  Angles between two curves and condition for orthogonality of curves â€“ Derivative as a rate of change â€“ Rolleâ€™s theorem and Lagrangeâ€™s Mean value theorem  Increasing and decreasing functions  Maxima and Minima.  
Integration: Integration as the inverse process of differentiation Standard forms properties of integrals  Method of substitution integration of Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions  Integration by parts â€“ Integration by the method of substitution â€“ Integration of algebraic and trigonometric functions â€“ Integration by parts â€“ Integration of exponential, logarithmic and inverse trigonometric functions â€“ Integration  Partial fractions method â€“ Reduction formulae.  
Definite Integrals: Definite Integral as the limit of sum, Interpretation of Definite Integral as an area. Fundamental theorem of Integral Calculus. Properties, Reduction formulae, Application of Definite integral to areas.  
Differential equations: Formation of differential equationDegree and order of an ordinary differential equation  Solving differential equation by i) Variables separable method, ii) Homogeneous differential equation, iii) Non Homogeneous differential equation iv) Linear differential equations 
Aspirants who are preparing for the EAPCET can refer to the AP EAMCET Syllabus 2024 for Physics paper. The AP EAMCET 2024 Physics syllabus should cover fundamental topics such as kinematics, laws of motion, thermodynamics, and more. Understanding these concepts is crucial for exam preparation and success. Moreover, it is equally important to know the AP EAMCET Physics chapterwise weightage 2024 to decide which topic to practice more.
Topics  Sub Topics 
PHYSICAL WORLD  What is physics? Scope and excitement of physics. Physics, technology and society, Fundamental forces in nature, Nature of physical laws 
UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS  The international system of units, Measurement of Length, Measurement of Large Distances, Estimation of Very Small Distances, Size of a Molecule, Range of Lengths, Measurement of Mass, Range of Masses, Measurement of time, Accuracy, precision of instruments and errors in measurement, Systematic errors, random errors, least count error, Absolute Error, Relative Error and Percentage Error, Combination of Errors, Significant figures, Rules for Arithmetic Operations with Significant Figures, Rounding off the Uncertain Digits, Rules for Determining the Uncertainty in the Results of Arithmetic Calculations, Dimensions of Physical Quantities, Dimensional Formulae and dimensional equations, Dimensional Analysis and its Applications, Checking the Dimensional Consistency of Equations, Deducing Relation among the Physical Quantities. 
MOTION IN A STRAIGHT LINE  Position, path length and displacement, average velocity and average speed, instantaneous velocity and speed, acceleration, kinematic equations for uniformly accelerated motion, and relative velocity. 
MOTION IN A PLANE  Scalars and vectors, position and displacement vectors, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by real numbers, addition and subtraction of vectors  graphical method, resolution of vectors, vector addition  analytical method, motion in a plane, position vector and displacement, velocity, acceleration, motion in a plane with constant acceleration, relative velocity in two dimensions, projectile motion, equation of path of a projectile, time of maximum height, maximum height of a projectile, horizontal range of projectile, uniform circular motion. 
Aristotleâ€™s fallacy, Laws of inertia, Newtonâ€™s first law of motion, Newtonâ€™s second law of motion momentum, impulse, Newtonâ€™s third law of motion, conservation of momentum, Equilibrium of a particle, Common forces in mechanics, friction, types of friction, static, kinetic and rolling frictions, Circular motion, Motion of a car on a level road, Motion of a car on a banked road, solving problems in mechanics.  
The Scalar Product, Notions of work and kinetic energy, The workenergy theorem, Work, Kinetic energy, Work done by a variable force, The workenergy theorem for a variable force, The concept of Potential Energy, The conservation of Mechanical Energy, The Potential Energy of a spring, Various forms of energy, Heat, Chemical Energy, Electrical Energy, The Equivalence of Mass and Energy, Nuclear Energy, The Principle of Conservation of Energy, Power, Collisions, Elastic and Inelastic Collisions, Collisions in one dimension, Coefficient of Restitution and its determination, Collisions in Two Dimensions  
SYSTEMS OF PARTICLES AND ROTATIONAL MOTION  Rigid body motion, Centre of mass, Centre of Gravity, Motion of centre of mass, Linear momentum of a system of particles, Vector product of two vectors, Angular velocity and its relation with linear velocity, Angular acceleration, Kinematics of rotational motion about a fixed axis, Moment of force (Torque), Angular momentum of particle, Torque and angular momentum for a system of a particles  conservation of angular momentum, Equilibrium of a rigid body, Principle of moments, Moment of inertia, Dynamics of rotational motion about a fixed axis, Angular momentum in case of rotation about a fixed axis  conservation of angular momentum, Rolling motion, Kinetic Energy of Rolling Motion. 
OSCILLATIONS  Periodic and oscillatory motions, Period and frequency, Displacement, Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.), Simple harmonic motion and uniform circular motion, Velocity and acceleration in simple harmonic motion, Force law for Simple harmonic Motion, Energy in simple harmonic motion, some systems executing Simple Harmonic Motion, Oscillations due to a spring, The Simple Pendulum, damped simple harmonic motion, Forced oscillations and resonance. 
Keplerâ€™s laws, Universal law of gravitation, central forces, the gravitational constant, Acceleration due to gravity of the earth, Acceleration due to gravity below and above the surface of earth, Gravitational potential energy, Escape speed, Orbital Speed, Earth satellites, Energy of an orbiting satellite, Geostationary and polar satellites, Weightlessness.  
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS  Elastic behavior of solids, Stress and strain, Hookeâ€™s law, Stressstrain curve, Elastic moduli, Youngâ€™s Modulus, Determination of Youngâ€™s Modulus of the Material of a Wire, Shear Modulus, Bulk Modulus, Poissonâ€™s ratio, Elastic potential energy in a stretched wire, Applications of elastic behaviour of materials. 
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS  Pressure, Pascalâ€™s Law, Variation of Pressure with Depth, Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure, Hydraulic Machines, Archimedesâ€™ Principle, Streamline flow, Bernoulliâ€™s principle, Speed of Efflux, Torricelliâ€™s Law, Venturi meter, Blood Flow and Heart Attack, Dynamic Lift, Viscosity, Variation of Viscosity of fluids with temperature, Stokesâ€™ Law, Reynolds number, Critical Velocity, Surface tension and Surface Energy, Angle of Contact, Drops and Bubbles, Capillary Rise, Detergents and Surface Tension. 
THERMAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER  Temperature and heat, Measurement of temperature, Idealgas equation and absolute temperature, Thermal expansion, Specific heat capacity, Calorimetry, Change of state, Triple Point, Regelation, Latent Heat, Heat transfer â€“ Conduction, convection and radiation, Black body Radiation, Greenhouse Effect, Newtonâ€™s law of cooling and its experimental verification. 
Thermal equilibrium, Zeroth law of thermodynamics, Heat, Internal Energy and work, First law of thermodynamics, Specific heat capacity, Specific heat capacity of water, Thermodynamic state variables and equation of State, Thermodynamic processes, Quasistatic process, Isothermal Process, Adiabatic Process, Isochoric Process, Isobaric process, Cyclic process, Heat engines , Refrigerators and heat pumps, Second law of thermodynamics, Reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot engine, Carnotâ€™s theorem.  
KINETIC THEORY  Molecular nature of matter, Behaviour of gases, Boyleâ€™s Law, Charlesâ€™ Law, Kinetic theory of an ideal gas, Pressure of an Ideal Gas, Kinetic interpretation of temperature, Law of equipartition of energy, Specific heat capacity, Monatomic Gases, Diatomic Gases, Polyatomic Gases, Specific Heat Capacity of Solids, Specific Heat Capacity of Water, Mean free path. 
WAVES  Transverse and longitudinal waves, wave displacement relation in a progressive wave, amplitude and phase, wavelength and angular wave number, period, angular frequency and frequency, the speed of a travelling wave, speed of a transverse wave on stretched string, speed of a longitudinal wave (speed of sound), the principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves and normal modes, beats, Doppler effect â€“ source moving & Observer stationary, observer moving and source stationary, both observer and source are moving, applications of Doppler effect. 
RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS  Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors, Sign convention, Focal length of spherical mirror, Mirror equation, refraction, total internal reflection, total internal reflection in nature and its technological applications, refraction at spherical surfaces and by lenses, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction through a prism, dispersion by a prism, natural phenomena due to sunlight â€“ Rainbow, Scattering of light, optical instruments, the eye, the simple and compound microscopes, refracting telescope and Cassegrain reflecting telescope. 
WAVE OPTICS  Huygens principle, refraction and reflection of plane waves using Huygens principle, refraction in a rarer medium (at the denser medium boundary), reflection of a plane wave by a plane surface, the Doppler effect, coherent and incoherent addition of waves, interference of light waves and Youngâ€˜s experiment, Diffraction, Single slit, resolving power of optical instruments, the validaity of ray optics, Polarization by scattering, Polarisation by reflection, plane polarized light, polaroids 
ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS  Electric charge, conductors and insulators, charging by induction, basic properties of electric charges, additivity of charges, conservation of charge, quantization of charge, Coulombâ€™s law, forces between multiple charges, electric field, electric field due to a system of charges, physical significance of electric field, electric field lines, electric flux, electric dipole, the field of an electric dipole for points on the axial line and on the equatorial plane, physical significance of dipoles, dipole in a uniform external field, continuous charge distribution, Gaussâ€™s law, Applications of Gaussâ€™s Law infinitely long straight uniformly charged wire, infinite plane sheet, field due to uniformly charged thin spherical shell. 
ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE  Electrostatic potential, potential due to a point charge, potential due to an electric dipole, potential due to a system of charges, equipotential surfaces, relation between field and potential, potential energy of a system of charges, potential energy in an external field, potential energy of a single charge, potential energy of a system of two charges in an external field, potential energy of a dipole in an external field, electrostatics of conductors, dielectrics and polarisation, electric displacement, capacitors and capacitance, the parallel plate capacitor, effect of dielectric on capacitance, combination of capacitors, capacitors in series, capacitors in parallel, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator. 
Electric current, electric current in conductors, Ohmâ€™s law, drift of electrons and the origin of resistivity, mobility, limitations of Ohmâ€™s law, resistivity of various materials, colour code of resistors, Temperature dependence of resistivity, electrical energy, power. Combination of Resistors, Series and Parallel, Cells, EMF, internal resistance, cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoffâ€™s rules, Wheatstone Bridge, Meter Bridge, Potentiometer.  
MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM  Magnetic force, sources and fields, magnetic field, Lorentz force, magnetic force on a current carrying conductor, motion in a magnetic field, helical motion of charged particles, motion in combined electric and magnetic fields, , velocity selector, cyclotron, magnetic field due to a current element, Biot â€“ Savartâ€™s law, Magnetic field on the axis of a circular current loop, Ampereâ€™s circuital law, the solenoid and the toroid, force between two parallel current carrying conductors, the ampere (UNIT), torque on current loop, magnetic dipole, torque on a rectangular current loop in a uniform magnetic field, circular current loop as a magnetic dipole, the magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, the Moving Coil Galvanometer; conversion into ammeter and voltmeter. 
MAGNETISM AND MATTER  The bar magnet, the magnetic field lines, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, The dipole in a uniform magnetic field, the electrostatic analog, Magnetism and Gaussâ€™s Law, The Earthâ€™s magnetism, magnetic declination and dip, magnetization and magnetic intensity,magnetic properties of materials â€“ Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism and Ferromagnetism, permanent magnets and electromagnets. 
ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION  The experiments of Faraday and Henry, magnetic flux, Faradayâ€™s Law of induction, Lenzâ€™s law and conservation of energy, motional electromotive force, energy consideration  a quantitative study, Eddy currents, inductance, mutual inductance, selfinductance, AC generator. 
ALTERNATING CURRENT  AC voltage applied to a resistor, representation of AC current and voltage by rotating vectors  Phasors, AC voltage applied to an inductor, AC voltage applied to a capacitor, AC voltage applied to a series LCR circuit, Phasor â€“ diagram solution, analytical solution, resonance, sharpness of resonance, Power in AC circuit: The power factor, Wattless current LC oscillations, transformers. 
Displacement Current, Maxwellâ€™s equations, electromagnetic waves, sources of electromagnetic waves, nature of electromagnetic waves, electromagnetic spectrum: radio waves, microwaves, infrared waves, visible rays, ultraviolet rays, Xrays, gamma rays.  
DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER  Electron emission, Photoelectric Effect, Hertzâ€™s observations, Hallwachs and Lenardâ€™s observations, experimental study of photoelectric effect, effect of intensity of light on photocurrent, effect of potential on photoelectric current, effect of frequency of incident radiation on stopping potential, Photoelectric effect and Wave theory of Light, Einsteinâ€™s Photoelectric equation, Energy Quantum of Radiation, particle nature of light, the photon, wave nature of matter, photocell, Davisson and Germer Experiment 
ATOMS  Alpha particle scattering and Rutherfordâ€™s nuclear model of an atom, alpha particle trajectory, electron orbits, atomic spectra, spectral series, Bohr model of the hydrogen atom, energy levels, Franck â€“ Hertz experiment, the line spectra of the hydrogen atom, de Broglieâ€™s explanation of Bohrâ€™s second postulate of quantization, LASER lightAlpha particle scattering and Rutherfordâ€™s nuclear model of atom, alpha particle trajectory, electron orbits, atomic spectra, spectral series, Bohr model of the hydrogen atom, energy levels, Franck â€“ Hertz experiment, the line spectra of the hydrogen atom, deBroglieâ€™s explanation of Bohrâ€™s second postulate of quantization. 
NUCLEI  Atomic masses and composition of nucleus, discovery of neutron, size of the nucleus, Mass  Energy, Nuclear Binding Energy, Binding energy of Nuecleon and its variation with Mass Number,Nuclear Force, Radioactivity  Law of radioactive decay, half life and mean life of a Radioactive material, Alpha decay, Beta decay and Gamma decay, Nuclear Energy, Fission, Nuclear reactor, nuclear fusion, energy generation in stars, controlled thermonuclear fusion. 
SEMICONDUCTOR ELECTRONICS: MATERIALS, DEVICES AND SIMPLE CIRCUITS  Classification of metals, conductors, and semiconductors on the basis of conductivity and energy bands, Band theory of solids, Intrinsic semiconductor, Extrinsic semiconductor, ptype semiconductor, ntype semiconductor, pn junction, forward bias, reverse bias, Semiconductor diode, Application of junction diode as a rectifier, Zener Diode, Zener Diode as a voltage regulator, Optoelectronic junction devices, Photodiode, light emitting diode, solar cell. Junction transistor, structure and action, Basic transistor circuit configurations and transistor characteristics, transistor as a switch and as an amplifier (CE â€“ Configuration), Feedback amplifier and transistor oscillator, Digital Electronics and Logic gates, NOT, OR, AND, NAND and NOR Gates, Integrated circuits. 
Elements of a Communication system, basic terminology used in electronic communication systems, bandwidth of signals, bandwidth of transmission medium, propagation of electromagnetic waves, ground waves, sky waves, space wave, modulation and its necessity, size of the antenna or aerial, effective power radiated by an antenna, mixing up of signals from different transmitters, amplitude modulation, production of amplitude modulated wave, detection of amplitude modulated wave. 
The AP EAMCET syllabus 2024 for chemistry is expected to include subjects like atomic structure, chemical bonding, thermodynamics, organic chemistry, and more. Thoroughly understanding these topics is essential for exam readiness and achievement.
Topics  Sub Topics 
Sub Atomic particles, Atomic models, Developments to the Bohrâ€™s model of atom; Wave nature of electromagnetic radiation; Particle nature of electromagnetic radiation, Planckâ€™ s quantum theory; Evidence for the quantized electronic Energy levels : Atomic spectra, Bohrâ€™s model for Hydrogen atom; Explanation of line spectrum of hydrogen; Limitations of Bohrâ€™s model; Quantum mechanical considerations of sub atomic particles; Dual behaviour of matter; Heisenbergâ€™s uncertainty principle; Quantum mechanical model of an atom. Important features of Quantum mechanical model of atom; Orbitals and quantum numbers; Shapes of atomic orbitals; Energies of orbitals; Filling of orbitals in atoms. Aufbau Principle, Pauliâ€™s exclusion Principle and Hundâ€™s rule of maximum multiplicity; Electronic configurations of atoms; Stability of halffilled and completely filled orbitals.  
CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES  Genesis of periodic classification, Modern periodic law and present form of the periodic table; Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than100; Electronic configuration of elements and the periodic table; Electronic configuration and types of elements s, p, d and f blocks; Trends in physical properties:(a) Atomic radius, (b) Ionic radius (c) Variation of size in inner transition elements, (d) Ionization enthalpy, (e) Electron gain enthalpy, (f) Electro negativity; Periodic trends in chemical properties: (a) Periodicity of Valence or Oxidation states, (b) Anomalous properties of second period elements â€“diagonal relationship; Periodic trends and chemical reactivity. 
CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE  Kossel  Lewis approach to chemical bonding, Octet rule, Lewis representation of simple molecules, formal charges, limitations of octet rule; Ionic or electrovalent bond  Factors favourable for the formation of ionic compounds Crystal structure of sodium chloride, Lattice Enthalpy: General properties of ionic compounds; Bond Parameters  bond length ,bond angle, and bond enthalpy, bond order, resonancePolarity of bonds dipole momentFajan rules; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory; Predicting the geometry of simple molecules; Valence bond theoryOrbital overlap conceptDirectional properties of bondsoverlapping of atomic orbitals types of overlapping and nature of covalent bondsstrength of sigma and pi bondsFactors favouring the formation of covalent bonds; Hybridisation different types of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals shapes of simple covalent molecules; Coordinate bond  definition with examples; Molecular orbital theory  Formation of molecular orbitals, Linear combination of atomic orbitals(LCAO)conditions for combination of atomic orbitals, Types of Molecular orbitals, Energy level diagrams for molecular orbitals , Electronic Configuration and Molecular Behaviour, Bonding in some homo nuclear diatomic molecules H2, He2, Li2, B2, C2, N2 and O2; Hydrogen bondingcause of formation of hydrogen bond  Types of hydrogen bondsinter and intra molecularGeneral properties of hydrogen bonds. 
STATES OF MATTER: GASES AND LIQUIDS  Intermolecular forces; Thermal Energy; Intermolecular forces Vs Thermal interactions; The Gaseous State; The Gas Laws; Ideal gas equation; Grahamâ€™s law of diffusion  Daltonâ€™s Law of partial pressures; Kinetic molecular theory of gases; Kinetic gas equation of an ideal gas (No derivation) deduction of gas laws from Kinetic gas equation; Distribution of molecular speeds, Kinetic Energy, Behaviour of real gases  Deviation from Ideal gas behaviour  Compressibility factor Vs Pressure diagrams of real gases; Liquification of gases, Liquid state, Vapour Pressure, Surface tension, Viscosity. 
STOICHIOMETRY  Significant figures, Laws of Chemical Combinations  Law of Conservation of Mass, Law of Definite Proportions, Law of Multiple Proportions, Atomic and molecular masses mole concept and molar mass. Concept of equivalent weight; Percentage composition of compounds and calculations of empirical and molecular formulae of compounds; Stoichiometry and stoichiometric calculations limiting reagent; Methods of Expressing concentrations of solutions mass percent, mole fraction, molarity, molality and normality; Redox reactionsclassical idea of redox reactions, oxidation and reduction reactions redox reactions in terms of electron transfer; Oxidation number concept; Types of Redox reactions combination, decomposition, displacement and disproportionation reactions; Balancing of redox reactions oxidation number method Half reaction (ionelectron)method; Redox reactions in titrimetry. 
THERMODYNAMICS  Thermodynamic Terms; The system and the surroundings; Types of systems and surroundings; The state of the system; The Internal Energy as a State Function. (a)Work (b) Heat (c) The general case, the first law of Thermodynamics; Applications; Work; Enthalpy, H a useful new state function; Extensive and intensive properties; The relationship between Cp and Cv; Measurement ofâˆ†U and âˆ†H: Calorimetry; Enthalpy change, âˆ†rH of reactions reaction Enthalpy (a) Standard enthalpy of reactions, (b) Enthalpy changes during transformations, (c) Standard enthalpy of formation, (d) Thermochemical equations (e) Hessâ€™s law of constant Heat summation; Enthalpies for different types of reactions. (a) Standard enthalpy of combustion (âˆ†cH 0 ), (b) Enthalpy of atomization (âˆ†aH 0 ), phase transition, sublimation and ionization, (c) Bond Enthalpy (âˆ†bondH 0 ), (d) Enthalpy of solution (âˆ†solH 0 ) and dilutionlattice enthalpy; Spontaneity. (a) Is decrease in enthalpy a criterion for spontaneity? (b) Entropy and spontaneity, the second law of thermodynamics, (c) Gibbs Energy and spontaneity; Absolute entropy and the third law of thermodynamics 
CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM AND ACIDSBASES  Equilibrium in Physical process; Equilibrium in chemical process  Dynamic Equilibrium; Law of chemical Equilibrium  Law of mass action and Equilibrium constant; Homogeneous Equilibria, Equilibrium constant in gaseous systems. Relationship between KP and Kc; Heterogeneous Equilibria; Applications of Equilibrium constant; Relationship between Equilibrium constant K, reaction quotient Q and Gibbs energy G; Factors affecting Equilibria.Lechatlier principle application to industrial synthesis of Ammonia and Sulphur trioxide; Ionic Equilibrium in solutions; Acids, bases and salts Arrhenius, BronstedLowry and Lewis concepts of acids and bases; Ionisation of Acids and Bases  Ionisation constant of water and its ionic product P H scaleionisation constants of weak acidsionisation of weak basesrelation between Ka and KbDi and poly basic acids and di and poly acidic BasesFactors affecting acid strength Common ion effect in the ionization of acids and bases Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, Buffer solutions  Solubility Equilibria of sparingly soluble salts. Solubility product constant Common ion effect on solubility of Ionic salts. 
HYDROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS  Position of hydrogen in the periodic table; DihydrogenOccurrence and Isotopes; Preparation and properties of dihydrogen, uses of H2, Hydrides: Ionic, covalent, and nonstoichiometric hydrides; Water: Physical properties; structure of water, ice. Chemical properties of water; hard and soft water, Temporary and permanent hardness of water; Hydrogen Peroxide: Preparation, properties, structure, storage and uses. Heavy Water; Hydrogen as a fuel. 
Group 1 Elements: Alkali metals; Electronic configurations; Atomic and Ionic radii; Ionization enthalpy; Hydration enthalpy; Physical properties; Chemical properties; Uses; General characteristics of the compounds of the alkali metals: Oxides; Halides; Salts of oxo Acids; Anomalous properties of Lithium: Differences and similarities with other alkali metals, Diagonal relationship; similarities between Lithium and Magnesium; Some important compounds of Sodium: Sodium Chloride, Sodium carbonate, Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Bicarbonate, Biological importance of Sodium and Potassium.  
Group 2 Elements: Alkaline earth elements; Electronic configuration; Ionization enthalpy; Hydration enthalpy; Physical properties, Chemical properties; Uses; General characteristics of compounds of the Alkaline Earth Metals: Oxides, hydroxides, halides, salts of oxy acids (Carbonates; Sulphates and Nitrates); Anomalous behavior of Beryllium; its diagonal relationship with Aluminum; Some important compounds of calcium: Preparation and uses of Calcium Hydroxide, Quick lime, Calcium Carbonate, Plaster of Paris; Cement, Biological importance of Calcium and Magnesium.  
p BLOCK ELEMENTS GROUP 13 (BORON FAMILY)  General introduction â€“ Electronic configuration, atomic radii, Ionization enthalpy, Electro negativity; Physical & Chemical properties Aluminum reactivity towards acids & alkalies, Important trends and anomalous properties of boron; Some important compounds of Boron Borax, orthoboric acid, Diborane, Uses of boron, aluminum, and their compounds. 
pBLOCK ELEMENTS  GROUP 14 (CARBON FAMILY)  General introduction â€“ Electronic configuration, atomic radii, Ionization enthalpy, Electro negativity; Physical & Chemical properties; Important trends and anomalous properties of carbon; Allotropes of carbon; Uses of carbon; Some important compounds of Carbon and Silicon: Carbon Monoxide, Carbon dioxide, Silica, Silicones, Silicates, Zeolites. 
Environmental Chemistry  Definition of terms: Air, Water, Soil Pollution, Environmental Pollution, Atmospheric Pollution, Acid rain, Particulate pollutants, Stratospheric pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Strategies to control Environmental pollution, Green Chemistry. 
ORGANIC CHEMISTRYSOME BASIC PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES AND HYDROCARBONS  General introduction; Tetravalency of Carbon: shapes of organic compounds; Structural representations of organic compounds; Classification of organic compounds; Nomenclature of organic compounds; Isomerism; Fundamental concepts in organic reaction mechanisms; Fission of covalent bond; Nucleophiles and electrophiles; Electron movements in organic reactions; Electron displacement effects in covalent bonds: inductive effect, resonance, resonance effect, electromeric effect, hyper conjugation; Types of Organic reactions; Methods of purification of Organic compounds, Qualitative elemental analysis of Organic compounds, Quantitative elemental analysis. 
Classification of Hydrocarbons; Alkanes  Nomenclature, isomerism (structural and conformations of ethane only); Preparation of alkanes; Properties  Physical properties and chemical Reactivity, Substitution reactions â€“ Halogenation, Controlled Oxidation, Isomerisation, Aromatization, and reaction with steam; Alkenes Nomenclature, structure of ethene, Isomerism; Methods of preparation; PropertiesPhysical and chemical reactions: Addition of dihydrogen, halogen, water, Sulphuric acid, Hydrogen halides (Mechanism ionic and peroxide effect, Markovnikovâ€™s, antiMarkovnikovâ€™s or Kharasch effect). Oxidation, Ozonolysis and Polymerization; Alkynes  Nomenclature and isomerism, structure of acetylene. Methods of preparation of acetylene; Physical properties, Chemical reactions acidic character of alkyne, addition reactionsof hydrogen, Halogen, Hydrogen halides and water. Polymerization; Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Nomenclature and isomerism, Structure of benzene, Resonance and aromaticity; Preparation of benzene. Physical properties. Chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Electrophilic substitution reactions Nitration, Sulphonation, Halogenation, FriedelCraftâ€™s alkylation and acylation; Directive influence of functional groups in mono substituted benzene, Carcinogenicity and toxicity.  
SOLID STATE  General characteristics of solid state; Amorphous and crystalline solids; Classification of crystalline solids based on different binding forces (molecular, ionic, metallic and covalent solids); Probing the structure of solids: Xray crystallography; Crystal lattices and unit cells. Bravais lattices primitive and centered unit cells; Number of atoms in a unit cell (primitive, body centered and face centered cubic unit cell);Close packed structures: Close packing in one dimension, in two dimensions and in three dimensions tetrahedral and octahedral voids formula of a compound and number of voids filled locating tetrahedral and octahedral voids; Packing efficiency in simple cubic, bcc and in hcp, ccp lattice; Calculations involving unit cell dimensionsdensity of the unit cell; Imperfections in solidstypes of point defectsstoichiometric and nonstoichiometric defects; Electrical propertiesconduction of electricity in metals, semiconductors and insulators band theory of metals; Magnetic properties 
Types of solutions; Expressing concentration of solutionsmass percentage, volume percentage, mass by volume percentage, parts per million, mole fraction, molarity and molality; Solubility: Solubility of a solid in a liquid, solubility of a gas in a liquid, Henryâ€™s law; Vapour pressure of liquid solutions: vapour pressure of liquid liquid solutions. Raoultâ€™s law as a special case of Henryâ€™s law vapour pressure of solutions of solids in liquids; Ideal and nonideal solutions; Colligative properties and determination of molar massrelative lowering of vapour pressureelevation of boiling pointdepression of freezing pointosmosis and osmotic pressurereverse osmosis and water purification; Abnormal molar massesvanâ€™t Hoff factor  
ELECTROCHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS  ELECTROCHEMISTRY: Electrochemical cells; Galvanic cells: measurement of electrode potentials; Nernst equation equilibrium constant from Nernst equation electrochemical cell and Gibbs energy of the cell reaction; Conductance of electrolytic solutionsmeasurement of the conductivity of ionic solutionsvariation of conductivity and molar conductivity with concentrationstrong electrolytes and weak electrolytesapplications of Kohlrauschâ€™s law; Electrolytic cells and electrolysis: Faradayâ€™s laws of electrolysisproducts of electrolysis; Batteries: primary batteries and secondary batteries, Fuel cells, Corrosion of metalsHydrogen economy. 
CHEMICAL KINETICS: Rate of a chemical reaction; Factors influencing rate of a reaction: dependence of rate on concentration rate expression and rate constantorder of a reaction, molecularity of a reaction; Integrated rate equationszero order reactionsfirst order reactions halflife of a reaction; Pseudo first order reactions; Temperature dependence of the rate of a reaction  effect of catalyst; Collision theory of chemical reaction rates  
Adsorption: Distinction between adsorption and absorptionmechanism of adsorption types of adsorption characteristics of physisorption characteristics of chemisorption adsorption isotherms adsorption from solution applications of adsorption; Catalysis: Catalysts, promoters and poisonsautocatalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysisadsorption theory of heterogeneous catalysis important features of solid catalysts: (a)activity (b)selectivity shapeselective catalysis by zeolites enzyme catalysischaracteristics and mechanism catalysts in industry Colloids: Classification of colloids: Classification based on physical state of dispersed phase and dispersion mediumclassification based on nature of interaction between dispersed phase and dispersion medium classification based on the type of particles of the dispersed phasemultimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloidscleansing action of soapspreparation of colloidspurification of colloidal solutions properties of colloidal solutions: Colligative properties, Tyndal effect, colour, Brownian movementcharge on colloidal particles, electrophoresis; coagulationprecipitation methodscoagulation of lyophilic sols and protection of colloidsEmulsions; Colloids around usapplication of colloids.  
GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF METALLURGY  Occurrence of metals; Concentration of ores levigation, magnetic separation, froth floatation leaching; Extraction of crude metal from concentrated oreconversion to oxide, reduction of oxide to the metal; Thermodynamic principles of metallurgyEllingham diagramlimitations applicationsextraction of iron, copper and zinc from their oxides; Electrochemical principles of metallurgy; Oxidation and reduction; Refining of crude metaldistillation, liquation poling, electrolysis, zone refining and vapour phase refining; Uses of aluminum, copper, zinc and iron 
GROUP15 ELEMENTS: Occurrenceelectronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electro negativity, physical and chemical properties; Dinitrogenpreparation, properties and uses; Compounds of nitrogenpreparation, properties, and uses of ammonia; Oxides of nitrogen; Preparation and properties of nitric acid; Phosphorousallotropic forms; Phosphine preparation and properties; Phosphorous halides; Oxoacids of phosphorous; Phosphorous halides & Oxo acids of phosphorous  
GROUP16 ELEMENTS: Occurrenceelectronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electro negativity, physical and chemical properties; Dioxygenpreparation, properties and uses; Simple oxides; Ozonepreparation, properties, structure and uses; Sulphurallotropic forms; Sulphur dioxidepreparation, properties and uses; Oxoacids of sulphur; Sulphuric acidindustrial process of manufacture, properties and uses.  
GROUP17 ELEMENTS: Occurrence, electronic configuration, atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, physical and chemical properties; Chlorinepreparation, properties and uses; Hydrogen chloride preparation, properties and uses; Oxoacids of halogens; Interhalogen compoundspreparation, properties and uses.  
GROUP18 ELEMENTS: Occurrence, electronic configuration, ionization enthalpy, atomic radii, electron gain enthalpy, physical and chemical properties(a) Xenonfluorine compounds XeF2, XeF4 and XeF6 preparation, hydrolysis and formation of fluoro anionsstructures of XeF2, XeF4 and XeF6 (b) Xenonoxygen compounds XeO3 and XeOF4  their formation and structuresuses of noble gases  
d AND f BLOCK ELEMENTS : Position in the periodic table; Electronic configuration of the dblock elements; General properties of the transition elements (dblock) physical properties, variation in atomic and ionic sizes of transition series, ionization enthalpies, oxidation states, trends in the MÂ²+ /M and MÂ³+ /MÂ²+ standard electrode potentials, trends in stability of higher oxidation states, chemical reactivity and E Î¸ values, magnetic properties, formation of coloured ions, formation of complex compounds, catalytic properties, formation of interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Some important compounds of transition elementsoxides and oxoanions of metalsuses of potassium dichromate and potassium permanganatestructures of chromate, dichromate, manganate and permanganate ions; Inner transition elements(fblock)lanthanoidselectronic configurationatomic and ionic sizesoxidation states general characteristics; The Actinoids electronic configurations, ionic sizes, oxidation states, general characteristics and comparison with lanthanoids; Some applications of d and f block elements  
COORDINATION COMPOUNDS: Wernerâ€™s theory of coordination compounds; Definitions of some terms used in coordination compounds; Nomenclature of coordination compoundsIUPAC nomenclature; Isomerism in coordination compounds(a)Stereo isomerism Geometrical and optical isomerism (b)Structural isomerism linkage, coordination, ionization and solvate isomerism Bonding in coordination compounds. (a)Valence bond theory  magnetic properties of coordination compoundslimitations of valence bond theory (b) Crystal field theory (i) Crystal field splitting in octahedral and tetrahedral coordination entities (ii) Colour in coordination compounds limitations of crystal field theory; Bonding in metal carbonyls; Stability of coordination compounds; Importance and applications of coordination compounds.  
Classification of Polymers Classification based on source, structure, mode of polymerization, molecular forces and growth polymerization; Types of polymerization reactions addition polymerization or chain growth polymerization Ionic polymerization, free radical mechanismpreparation of addition polymers polythene, Teflon and poly acrylonitrilecondensation polymerization or step growth polymerizationpolyamides preparation of Nylon 6,6 and nylon 6polyesters terylene bakelite, melamine, formaldehyde polymer copolymerizationRubber natural rubbervulcanisation of rubberSynthetic rubbers preparation of neoprene and bunaN; Molecular mass of polymersnumber average and weight average molecular masses poly dispersity index(PDI); Biodegradable polymers poly Î²Hydroxy butyrateCo Î²Hydroxy Velarate (PHBV), Nylon 2nylon 6; Polymers of commercial importance poly propene, polystyrene, poly vinyl chloride(PVC), ureaformaldehyde resin, glyptal, bakelite their monomers, structures and uses  
CarbohydratesClassification of carbohydratesMonosaccharides: preparation of glucose from sucrose and starchProperties and structure of glucoseD, L configurations and (+), () configurations of glucoseStructure of fructose; Disaccharides: Sucrosepreparation, structure; Invert sugar Structures of maltose and lactose Polysaccharides: Structures of starch, cellulose and glycogen Importance of carbohydrates; Amino acids: Natural amino acidsclassification of amino acidsstructures and D and L formsZwitterions; ProteinsStructures, classification, fibrous and globular primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins Denaturation of proteins; Enzymes: Enzymes, mechanism of enzyme action; Vitamins: Explanationnames classification of vitamins  sources of vitaminsdeficiency diseases of different types of vitamins; Nucleic acids: chemical composition of nucleic acids, structures of nucleic acids, DNA fingerprinting biological functions of nucleic acids; Hormones: Definition, different types of hormones, their production, biological activity, diseases due to their abnormal activities.  
Drugs and their classification: (a) Classification of drugs on the basis of pharmacological effect (b) Classification of drugs on the basis of drug action (c) Classification of drugs on the basis of chemical structure (d) Classification of drugs on the basis of molecular targets; DrugTarget interactionEnzymes as drug targets (a) Catalytic action of enzymes (b) Drugenzyme interaction Receptors as drug targets; Therapeutic action of different classes of drugs: antacids, antihistamines, neurologically active drugs: tranquilizers, analgesicsâ€“ non narcotic, narcotic analgesics, antimicrobialsantibiotics, antiseptics and disinfectantsantifertility drugs; Chemicals in food artificial sweetening agents, food preservatives, antioxidants in food; Cleansing agentssoaps and synthetic detergents  
HALOALKANES AND HALOARENES  Classification and nomenclature; Nature of CX bond; Methods of preparation: Alkylhalides and arylhalidesfrom alcohols, from hydrocarbons (a) by free radical halogenation (b) by electrophilic substitution (c) by replacement of diazonium group (Sandmeyer reaction) (d) by the addition of hydrogen halides and halogens to alkenesby halogen exchange reactions (Finkelstein reaction); Physical propertiesmelting and boiling points, density and solubility; Chemical reactions: Reactions of haloalkanes (i) Nucleophilic substitution reactions (a) SNÂ² mechanism (b) SNÂ¹mechanism (c) stereo chemical aspects of nucleophilic substitution reactionsoptical activity (ii) Elimination reactions (iii) Reaction with metalsReactions of haloarenes: (i) Nucleophilic substitution (ii) Electrophilic substitution and (iii) Reaction with metals; Polyhalogen compounds: Uses and environmental effects of dichloro methane, trichloromethane, triiodomethane, tetrachloro methane, freons and DDT 
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING C, H, AND O (Alcohols, Phenols, Ethers, Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic acids)  Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers: Alcohols, phenols and ethersclassification; Nomenclature: (a)Alcohols, (b) phenols and (c) ethers; Structures of hydroxy and ether functional groups; Methods of preparation: Alcohols from alkenes and carbonyl compounds, from Grignard reagents; Phenols from haloarenes, benzene sulphonic acid, diazonium salts, cumene; Physical properties of alcohols and phenols; Chemical reactions of alcohols and phenols (i) Reactions involving cleavage of OH bond in alcoholsAcidity of alcohols and phenols, esterification (ii) Reactions involving cleavage of CO bondreactions with HX, PX3, dehydration and oxidation (iii) Reactions of phenolselectrophilic aromatic substitution, Kolbeâ€™s reaction, Reimer  Tiemann reaction, reaction with zinc dust, oxidation; Commercially important alcohols (methanol, ethanol) EthersMethods of preparation: By dehydration of alcohols, Williamson synthesisPhysical propertiesChemical reactions: Cleavage of CO bond and electrophilic substitution of aromatic ethers (anisole). 
ALDEHYDES AND KETONES Nomenclature and structure of carbonyl group; Preparation of aldehydes and ketones(1) by oxidation of alcohols (2) by dehydrogenation of alcohols (3) from hydrocarbons Preparation of aldehydes (1) from acyl chlorides (2) from nitriles and esters(3) from hydrocarbonsPreparation of ketones(1) from acyl chlorides (2)from nitriles (3)from benzene or substituted benzenes; Physical properties of aldehydes and ketones; Chemical reactions of aldehydes and ketonesnucleophilic addition, reduction, oxidation, reactions due to Î±Hydrogen and other reactions (Cannizzaro reaction, electrophilic substitution reaction); Uses of aldehydes and ketones  
Carboxylic acids: Nomenclature and structure of carboxyl group; Methods of preparation of carboxylic acids (1) from primary alcohols and aldehydes (2) from alkyl benzenes (3) from nitriles and amides (4) from Grignard reagents (5) from acyl halides and anhydrides (6) from esters; Physical properties; Chemical reactions: (i) Reactions involving cleavage of OH bondacidity, reactions with metals and alkalies (ii) Reactions involving cleavage of COH bond formation of anhydride, reactions with PCl5, PCl3, SOCl2, esterification and reaction with ammonia (iii) Reactions involvingCOOH groupreduction, decarboxylation (iv) Substitution reactions in the hydrocarbon parthalogenation and ring substitution; Uses of carboxylic acids.  
Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature and structure of carbonyl group; Preparation of aldehydes and ketones(1) by oxidation of alcohols (2) by dehydrogenation of alcohols (3) from hydrocarbons Preparation of aldehydes (1) from acyl chlorides (2) from nitriles and esters (3) from hydrocarbonsPreparation of ketones (1)from acyl chlorides (2) from nitriles (3) from benzene or substituted benzenes; Physical properties of aldehydes and ketones; Chemical reactions of aldehydes and ketonesnucleophilic addition, reduction, oxidation, reactions due to Î±Hydrogen and other reactions (Cannizzaro reaction, electrophilic substitution reaction);Uses of aldehydes and ketones.  
Amines: Structure of amines; Classification; Nomenclature; Preparation of amines: reduction of nitro compounds, ammonolysis of alkyl halides, reduction of nitriles, reduction of amides, Gabriel phthalimide synthesis and Hoffmann bromamide degradation reaction; Physical properties; Chemical reactions: basic character of amines, alkylation, acylation, carbyl amine reaction, reaction with nitrous acid, reaction with aryl sulphonyl chloride, electrophilic substitution of aromatic amines (aniline)bromination, nitration and sulphonation.  
DIAZONIUM SALTS: Methods of preparation of diazonium salts (by diazotization); Physical properties; Chemical reactions: Reactions involving displacement of Nitrogen, reactions involving retention of di azo group â€“coupling reactions; Importance of diazonium salts in synthesis of aromatic compounds  
CYANIDES AND ISOCYANIDES: Structure and nomenclature of cyanides and isocyanides; Preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions of cyanides and isocyanide 
Below is the syllabus for AP EAMCET Zoology. Check the syllabus to know the AP EAMCET weightage chapterwise.
Ecology & Environment  Zoology  Diversity of Living World 
Invertebrate Phyla  Locomotion & Reproduction In Protozoa 
Phylum: Chordata  Biology & Human Welfare 
Type Study of Periplaneta Americana  Human Anatomy and Physiology 
Structural Organization in Animals  Applied Biology 
Organic Evolution  Genetics 
Diversity in the Living World  Biotechnology and its Application 
Morphology of Flowering Plants  Molecular Biology: Molecular Basis of Inheritance 
Reproduction in Plants  Genetics: Principles of Inheritance and Variation 
Microbiology  Plant Systematics 
Cell The Unit of Life  Plant Physiology 
Plant Ecology  Plants, Microbes, and Human Welfare 
Internal Organisation of Plants 
AP EAMCET 2024 Exam Pattern
Along with the AP EAMCET 2024 syllabus, it is important to know the exam pattern. The exam pattern reflects various important factors like the mode in which the entrance examination shall be conducted, specifications of the question paper, total duration of the exam, etc. Check the AP EAMCET exam pattern below.
Particulars  Details 
Examination Mode  Computer Based Test (CBT) 
Duration  3 Hours 
Language of Examination  English and Telugu ((Candidates who want to get questions translated in Urdu will be allotted a test centre at Kurnool only) 
Sectionwise Distribution of Questions 

Type of Questions  Multiple Choice Questions (Objective) 
Total Number of Questions  160 Questions 
Marking Scheme  One mark will be awarded for every correct answer 
Negative Marking  There is no negative marking. 
There are three subjects for AP EAMCET engineering entrance  Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.
The AP EAMCET 2024 exam will be conducted from May 16 to 23, 2024.
The AP EAMCET question paper is set to cover the topics from the EAMCET syllabus only.
The authorities has released the AP EAMCET syllabus on the official website. Candidates can also find the updated syllabus on this page.
No, it is not possible that the previous year questions will be repeated in the AP EAMCET. However, it is possible that questions based on the same formulas but different values could be asked in the exam.
The AP EAMCET syllabus 2024 can be found on the official website of the APSCHE. The syllabus is also available in PDF format on several websites.
The AP EAMCET 2024 will be a computerbased test (CBT). The exam will consist of 160 objectivetype questions, each carrying one mark. The duration of the exam will be 3 hours.
Counselling Date:07 August,2024  12 August,2024
Hello,
Getting a free seat in B.Sc. Horticulture with a rank of 17,258 in AP EAMCET depends on several factors, such as the number of seats available, category reservations, and the cutoffs for the specific colleges you are targeting.
While a rank of 17,258 in AP EAMCET might be challenging for securing a free seat in highly soughtafter colleges for B.Sc. Horticulture, actively participating in the counseling process and being flexible with your college preferences can increase your chances.
YOU CAN USE THE COLLEGE PREDICTOR TOOL TO PREDICT THE COLLEGE BASED ON YOU R SCORE/RANK :
Hope it helps !
With a rank of 8924 in the SC category and belonging to the AU region, your chances of securing a seat in a veterinary college in Andhra Pradesh are quite good.
The SC category often has lower cutoffs compared to the general category, increasing your possibilities. Additionally, being from the AU region might provide some regional advantages.
To improve your chances:
Given your category and rank, you have a strong probability of securing a seat in a veterinary college.
hope this helps you!!
Hello aspirant,
With a 43k rank in the AP EAMCET and belonging to the SC category, you have a good chance of securing a PharmD seat in a government college in Andhra Pradesh.
The SC category enjoys significant reservation benefits in government colleges, and the cutoff for PharmD courses is generally lower compared to other medicalrelated courses.
For more information you can click the link attached below.
https://www.careers360.com/apeamcetcollegepredictor
Hello Rajesh,
With an AP EAMCET rank of 17888 and belonging to the SC category, you have a good chance of securing admission to a Pharmacy D course in Andhra Pradesh and the reason is:
Here is the link to the tool:
https://www.careers360.com/apeamcetcollegepredictor?utm_source=qna&utm_medium=inicet_cp
Click on the above link, fill the required details and you will get the list of possible colleges at your rank.
I hope this answer helps you. If you have more queries then feel free to share your questions with us we will be happy to assist you.
Thank you and wishing you all the best for your bright future.
Aerospace engineering jobs deal with employees who design or build missiles and aircraft for national defense, or spacecraft. Aeronautical and astronautical engineering are two major branches of aerospace engineering. Aerospace engineering or aircraft engineering is often referred to as rocket science. The bottom line is that the person who is pursuing a career in aerospace engineering has to deal with multiple teams at different levels and work across various technologies.
A career in the aviation industry always sounds exciting. But, there is no scope for the slightest error as it may cost the lives of many people. A Flight Engineer role comes with the responsibility of monitoring the aircraft engine and control systems while in flight. Whenever the aircraft is away from the home station, he or she is required to perform preflight and postflight inspections
An aircrew officer or airline commanders fly aircraft to provide transportation to passengers or cargo. The aircrew officer operates the engines of aircraft and controls to navigate and fly the airplane. The ability to learn new technologies every time and to stay uptodate with the changes in the industry is what the aircrew officer should possess.
This could be possible through membership with professional pilot associations. The aircrew officer is also one of the highestpaid professionals and the job is quite coveted. Keep reading to find out what you need to know about how to become aircrew officer.
You may also read career as Airline Pilot.
An Aeronautical Engineer job comes with the responsibility of designing aircraft and thrust systems. He or she is employed in aviation, defence or civil aviation industries. Aeronautical Engineer is generally engaged in the design of aircraft and propulsion systems as well as the analysis of building materials and aircraft's aerodynamic performance. The role of an Aeronautical Engineer may involve assembling parts of aircraft, testing and maintaining them.
A Safety Manager is a professional responsible for employee’s safety at work. He or she plans, implements and oversees the company’s employee safety. A Safety Manager ensures compliance and adherence to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) guidelines.
Are you searching for an 'airline pilot job description'? An airline pilot or airline commander flies aircraft and helicopters to provide transportation to passengers or cargo. The airline pilot operates the engines of the aircraft and controls them to navigate and fly the airplane. The ability to learn new technologies every time and to stay uptodate with the changes in the industry is what aviators should possess. The career as airline pilot is also one of the highestpaid professionals and the job is quite coveted.
Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues.
A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.
Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems.
A Safety Manager is a professional responsible for employee’s safety at work. He or she plans, implements and oversees the company’s employee safety. A Safety Manager ensures compliance and adherence to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) guidelines.
A Conservation Architect is a professional responsible for conserving and restoring buildings or monuments having a historic value. He or she applies techniques to document and stabilise the object’s state without any further damage. A Conservation Architect restores the monuments and heritage buildings to bring them back to their original state.
A Structural Engineer designs buildings, bridges, and other related structures. He or she analyzes the structures and makes sure the structures are strong enough to be used by the people. A career as a Structural Engineer requires working in the construction process. It comes under the civil engineering discipline. A Structure Engineer creates structural models with the help of computeraided design software.
Highway Engineer Job Description: A Highway Engineer is a civil engineer who specialises in planning and building thousands of miles of roads that support connectivity and allow transportation across the country. He or she ensures that traffic management schemes are effectively planned concerning economic sustainability and successful implementation.
Are you searching for a Field Surveyor Job Description? A Field Surveyor is a professional responsible for conducting field surveys for various places or geographical conditions. He or she collects the required data and information as per the instructions given by senior officials.
Individuals who opt for a career as geothermal engineers are the professionals involved in the processing of geothermal energy. The responsibilities of geothermal engineers may vary depending on the workplace location. Those who work in fields design facilities to process and distribute geothermal energy. They oversee the functioning of machinery used in the field.
Energy efficiency engineering is a broad field of engineering which deals with energy efficiency, energy services, facility management, plant engineering, and sustainable energy resources. Energy efficiency engineering is one of the most recent engineering disciplines to emerge. The field combines the knowledge and understanding of physics, chemistry, and mathematics, with economic and environmental engineering practices. The main job of individuals who opt for a career as an energy performance engineer is to find the most efficient and sustainable path to operate buildings and manufacturing processes.
Individuals who opt for a career as energy performance engineers apply their understanding and knowledge to increase efficiency and further develop renewable sources of energy. The energy efficiency engineers also examine the use of energy in those procedures and suggest the ways in which systems can be improved.
A career as a Petroleum engineer is concerned with activities related to producing petroleum. These products can be in the form of either crude oil or natural gas. Petroleum engineering also requires the exploration and refinement of petroleum resources. Therefore, a career as a petroleum engineer comes up with oil and gas onshore jobs. There are also desk jobs in the petroleum industry. In layman’s terms, a petroleum engineer is a person who finds the best way to drill and extract oil from oil wells. Individuals who opt for a career as petroleum engineer also tries to find new ways to extract oil in an efficient manner.
A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.
A career as a civil engineer is of great importance for the infrastructural growth of the country. It is one of the most popular professions and there is great professional as well as personal growth in this civil engineering career path. There is job satisfaction in this civil engineering career path, but it also comes with a lot of stress, as there are multiple projects that need to be handled and have to be completed on time. Students should pursue physics, chemistry and mathematics in their 10+2 to become civil engineers.
A career as a Transportation Engineer is someone who takes care of people's safety. He or she is responsible for designing, planning and constructing a safe and secure transportation system. The transportation sector has seen a huge transformation and is growing day by day and improving every day.
As a Transport Engineer, he or she needs to solve complex problems such as accidents, costs, traffic flow, and statistics. A Transport Engineer also collaborates for projects with some other companies.
Asia's Only University with the Highest US & UK Accreditation
Ranked #52 among universities in India by NIRF  Highest CTC 50 LPA  100% Placements  Last Date to Apply: 14th August  Few seats left in selected courses
India's Largest University  100% Placements Record  Highest CTC 3 Cr PA  Application End Date: 15th Aug'24
Highest CTC 25 LPA  Average CTC 5.54 LPA  280+ Recruiters
International Learning Opportunities  UGC Approved  StateoftheArt Laboratories
Outstanding faculty of Eminence from IIT, BITS, IIM, IIIT NIT, NID and faculty from foreign universities  Merit & sports based scholarship