Engineering in West Bengal
Admission Criteria: Merit list based on marks in JEM; AIEEE and IIT JEE
No. of Engineering Colleges: 83 + 3;
Total Sanctioned Intake: 31,761 + 2,511 = 34,272
Noteworthy Institutes: IIT- Kharagpur; National Institute of Technology, Durgapur; Faculty of Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata; Marine Engineering & Research Institute, Kolkata; BESU, Shibpur; AEC, Asansol
‘Gateway to the East’ as the State is popularly known is often remembered for pioneers in engineering. IIT Kharagpur, the first IIT, established in 1951, stands tall with the highest number of seats (1341) amongst other IITs and also the largest campus of 2100 acres! Efforts to introduce engineering education in the eastern part of the country had started way back in 1843-44 when the Council of Education, Bengal decided to open a civil engineering class, yet it took more than a decade to establish a Civil Engineering College at the Writer’s Building, Calcutta in 1856. After the establishment of Calcutta University, a faculty of civil engineering was formed in 1857 which in 1879, shifted to its new premises at Sibpur. In Bengal, the National Council of Education established the College of Engineering and Technology at Jadavpur, which started granting diplomas in mechanical (1908) and chemical engineering (1921). MERI Kolkata offers 246 seats in B.Tech (Marine Engineering).
Among the 83 institutes associated with JEM, most of student intake (75%) is in five disciplines: Electronics and Communication (6,444); Computer Science (5,916), Electrical engineering (4,406), Information Technology (3,912) and Mechanical Engineering (3,205). Two other disciplines that have a fair number of seats are Civil Engineering and Instrumentation & Control with 9% and 7% of the total intake. Electrical & Electronics and Chemical Engineering have 900 and 550 seats respectively. Other disciplines have less than 300 seats in the State and that includes Textiles, Biotechnology, Automobile, Mining, Food Technology, Production, Biomedical, Metallurgy, Aerospace, Industrial Engineering, Ceramics and Agriculture Engineering.
In order to take the exam the candidate must be citizen of India and must have secured 50% marks (40% marks for Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe) at 10+2 level. The candidate must pass 10+2 from West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education or equivalent.
JEM consists of three sections namely Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. The paper gets conducted in two sessions one mathematics which is of 100 marks and second of Physics & Chemistry with 50marks each. The mhultiple answer questions(MCQs) carry 80% weightage and remaining 20% is short answer type. With each incorrect response 33.3% marks get deducted.
There is a provision for reservation of 12 seats in all for Defence Quota in selected Institutions. Reservation to an extent of 10% is also available for students merit listed in All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) in all existing self financing colleges. Maximum 10% seats are further reserved for management quota.
Top Engineering Disciplines in West Bengal
Seat distribution amongst the various Prominent Engineering Branches in West Bengal
EEE: Electrical & Electronics
ECE: Electronics & Communication
CSE: Computer Science
IT: Information Technology