JEE Main Physics Syllabus


JEE Main Physics Syllabus – Engineering aspirants can refer the JEE Main 2019 Physics Syllabus to know the topics that have to be studied to crack the entrance exam for admissions to the 31 NITs, 23 IIITs and 23 GFTIs. The syllabus is specified by the National Testing Agency (NTA) which is now the conducting body for the JEE Main. The JEE Main Physics syllabus is classified into two sections with Section A consisting of theory having 80% weightage, while section B includes the practical component (Experimental Skills) having 20% weightage. The JEE Main syllabus for Physics contains the topics both from class 10 and 12 syllabus in the ratio as directed by the exam conducting authority, NTA (National Testing Agency). For the preparation, candidates can refer to the topics given in the JEE Main Physics syllabus in the article below to perform better in the exam.

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National Testing Agency (NTA), a newly formed examination authority approved by the Union Cabinet in November, 2017 would be taking over from CBSE to conduct JEE Main 2019. As per the notifications, JEE Main 2019 will be held in online mode twice a year – once in January and second in April.

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The application for JEE Main for January session will be available from September 1 to September 30, 2018. While, the application for JEE Main for April session will be avaible from  the first week of February, 2019.


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JEE Main Physics Syllabus- Section A





Physics and Measurement

Physics, technology and society, SI units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications,



Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane. Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.


Laws of Motion

Force and Inertia, Newton's First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton's Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton's Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.

Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction.

Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications,


Work, Energy and Power

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, workenergy theorem, power.

Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and nonconservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.


Rotational Motion

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.



The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, Kepler's laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.


Properties of Solids and Liquids

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's Law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Viscosity, Stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli's principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton's law of cooling.



Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.


Kinetic Theory of Gases

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases-assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy,applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro's number.


Oscillations and Waves

Periodic motion - period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. - kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance.

Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound



Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb's law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Electric flux, Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.


Currrent Electricity

Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm's law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.

Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoffs laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer - principle and its applications.


Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances.

Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.


Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday's law, induced emf and current; Lenz's Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.


Electromagnetic Waves

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.

Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves.



Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens' principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen's principle. Interference, Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.


Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davis son-Germer experiment.


Atoms and Nuclei

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.


Electronic Devices

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; 1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.


Communication Systems

Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

JEE Main Physics Syllabus - Section B


Experimental Skills

Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:

  • Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

  • Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.

  • Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.

  • Metre Scale-mass of a given object by principle of moments.

  • Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.

  • Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.

  • Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.

  • Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.

  • Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.

  • Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

  • Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.

  • Resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law.

  • Potentiometer-

a)      Comparison of emf of two primary cells.

b)      Determination of internal resistance of a cell.

  • Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method,

  • Focal length of the following using parallax method:

a)      Convex mirror

b)      Concave mirror, and

c)      Convex lens

  • Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.

  • Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.

  • Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

  • Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.

  • Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.

  • Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.

  • Using multimeter to:

a)      Identify base of a transistor

b)      Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor

c)      See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.

d)     Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

Best Books for JEE Main Physics:

  • Concepts of Physics Volume 1 and Volume 2 (Author: H.C. Verma)

  • Problems in General Physics (Author: IE Irodov)

  • Fundamentals of Physics (Author: Halliday, Resnick and Walker)

  • Advance Physics (Author: Nelkon and Parker)

  • Problems in Physics (Author: AA Pinsky)

  • Objective Questions on Physics- Chapterwise Solved Papers (Author: D.C. Pandey)

  • Feynman Lectures on Physics (Author: Feynman, Leighton and Sands)

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Chintu Singh 41 minutes ago

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How to prepare for any exam like jee main, jee advance,cat,mat,sat,engineering,bitsat,vieee,xat,bschool,law.

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Mansi arora 27 minutes ago

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Hey, All the exams' names you have mentioned here have different syllabus and need different books for preparation. But one thing , in common  to prepare for all the exams is hardwork and de...Read More

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SHUBHAM SHARMA 2 hours ago

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Can anyone apply jee mains 2019 who passed intermediate in 2016??

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Yashkirat 2 hours ago

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No he/she cannot apply for JEE Mains in 2019 because JEE Mains goves yiu the option to apply only 3 times i.e. the year of passing intermediate, one year aftr it and 2 uear after it. It doesnot matter...Read More

Vijay Patel 3 hours ago

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Vijay PatelLast Seen: 43 min 28 sec agoJoined on: 19-Jul-2018Education Interest: EngineeringEducation Level: Class 12

Sir ji ysah patel jee main obc ncl rank47339 hai 12th 62% compartment mujhey IIITs mil sakti hai home state cg

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Hi Vijay,Actually, the IIITs consider ranks till 15k-20k as per the last year statistics; be it any category or even home state.Moreover, your board examination percentages are even not up to the mark...Read More
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I passed my class 12 in 2017..can i give jee mains 2019 exam

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Debasmita BarikLast Seen: 10 min 39 sec agoJoined on: 18-Apr-2018Education Interest: EngineeringEducation Level: In Graduation

Hi Nishitosh,

Yes, you can appear for the JEE MAINS 2019 if you still fall under the age criteria of JEE MAINS and has not appeared for 3 times in JEE MAINS yet.


Vijay Patel 3 hours ago

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Sir ji ysah patel jee main obc ncl rank47339 hai 12th 62% compartment mujhey nit mil sakti hai home state cg

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Hello, based on your jee mains 2018 rank and class12th board exam marks, you can not expect admission in any NITs or IIITs as you don't have 75% minimum marks in class 12th board exam to become eligib...Read More

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