GATE 2018 - How to Prepare for Instrumentation Engineering (IN)

GATE 2018 - How to Prepare for Instrumentation EngineeringGATE 2018 - How to Prepare for Instrumentation Engineering (IN) : Candidates aspiring to appear the GATE exam want to know at an early stage, what is the best way to prepare for this national level PG engineering exam. Their aim is to not only crack the GATE entrance exam but also be among the top rankers. With the passage of time, it has been seen that a number of candidates are appearing the GATE exam for instrumentation engineering has increased considerably. In order to help the candidates, Careers360 provides some vital guidelines and information about “GATE 2018-How to Prepare for Instrumentation Engineering (IN).” This will help the candidates to know what are the books from where they need to study for the GATE exam, what are the important topics that they need to cover and how they should manage their time during the course of the preparation of the exam.


Latest: GATE 2018 Mock Test available from November 23, 2017

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GATE 2018 exam will be conducted by IIT Guwahati on February 3, 4 and February 10 & 11, 2018. The application form of GATE 2018 was available from August 31, 2017 and the last date for registering it was October 9, 2017. The result of GATE 2018 will be announced on March 17, 2018.


GATE 2018 Syllabus for IN


The most important thing is that the candidates must know the GATE syllabus for instrumentation engineering. This will help them to plan their preparation strategy accordingly as they will know which topics they need to cover first and which they would like to cover later on, while studying instrumentation engineering.


The syllabus of GATE 2018 for Instrumentation Engineering is divided into nine sections.

  • Section 1- Engineering Mathematics

  • Section 2- Electrical Circuits

  • Section 3- Signals and Systems

  • Section 4- Control Systems

  • Section 5- Analog Electronics

  • Section 6- Digital Electronics

  • Section 7- Measurements

  • Section 8- Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation

  • Section 9- Communication and Optical Instrumentation

GATE Syllabus Instrumentation Engineering





Engineering Mathematics

  • Linear Algebra

  • Calculus

  • Differential Equations

  • Analysis of Complex Variables

  • Probability and Statistics

  • Numerical Methods


Electrical Circuits

  • Voltage and Current Sources

  • Kirchoff’s laws, mesh and nodal analysis, superposition etc

  • Peak-, average- and rms values of ac quantities etc

  • One-port and two-port networks etc.


Signals and Systems

  • Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals

  • Discrete time system

  • FT and FFT


Control Systems

  • Feedback principles, signal flow, raphs, transient response, steady-state-errors, Bode plot, phase and gain margins, Routh and Nyquist criteria, root loci, design of lead, lag and lead-lag compensators, state-space representation of systems

  • Time-delay systems


Analog Electronics

  • Characteristics and applications of diode, Zener diode, BJT and MOSFET

  • Oscillators, signal generators, voltage controlled oscillators and phase locked loop


Digital Electronics

  • Combinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions

  • TTL and CMOS

  • Characteristics of ADC and DAC (resolution, quantization, significant bits, conversion/settling time)



  • SI units, systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty -accuracy and precision index, propagation of errors. PMMC, MI and dynamo meter type

  • Measurement of voltage, current and power in single and three phase circuit


Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation

  • Resistive-, capacitive-, inductive-, Piezoelectric

  • Hall effect sensors and associated signal conditioning circuits


Communication and Optical Instrumentation

  • Amplitude- and frequency modulation and demodulation

  • Shannon's sampling theorem, pulse code modulation; frequency and time division multiplexing, amplitude-, phase-,frequency, pulse shift keying for digital modulation; optical sources and detectors

To know the detailed syllabus for GATE Instrumentation Engineering- Click Here


2. Important Topics and Books and Authors

Studying different topics and subjects from the right books will prove beneficial for the candidates as they aim to crack the GATE exam for instrumentation engineering. Candidates can check the table that is given below to know about the books from where they should study while they are preparing for GATE instrumentation Engineering.


Names of books and authors for GATE IN


GATE Instrumentation Engineering Topics

Recommended Books and Author



  • Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig

  • Gate Engineering Mathematics by MADE EASY


Network Theory

Engineering Circuit Analysis by Steven M. Durbin, Jack E. Kemmerly , William H. Hayt


Analog Electronics

Fundamentals of Microelectronics by BEHZAD RAZAVI (Must Read Recommended by Aditya)

GATE - Electronics & Communication (Analog Circuits Volume 5 Of 10) by R K Kanodia


Digital Electronics

Solved previous year questions from EC and IN streams


Signals and Systems

Signals And Systems (Schaum’s Outline Series) by H P HSU Signals & Systems by Alan V. Oppenheim


Communication Systems

Modern Digital and Analog Communication System by B P LATHI


Electrical and Electronic Measurements

A Course In Electrical And Electronic Measurements And Instrumentation by A K SAWHNEY


Control System

Automatic Control Systems by B C KUO


Process Control

Process Control: Modeling, Design, And Simulation by B. Wayne Bequette



Introduction to Measurements and Instrumentation by ARUN K GHOSH

GATE Sample Papers for Instrumentation Engineering

Candidates who are aspiring to appear the GATE 2018 exam for instrumentation engineering must practise the sample papers of GATE as it will given them an insight into the kind of questions that will be asked.  Solving the sample papers will expose the candidates to wide array of questions and help them to increase their accuracy  level.  It will also aid the candidates to increase their speed.


Previous Years' GATE Question Papers & Mock Tests

Solving the past years question papers of instrumentation engineering for GATE  will also aid the candidates to know which are the topics that have been regularly given more weightage as compared to those which are given less importance.  Candidates must take the mock exam of GATE so that they  can devise a clear cut plan of how they will tackle the actual GATE exam. They will know how to mange the time, which are the questions that they would answer first and which are the ones that they will answer later on. The more number of GATE mock tests you take, it will be better for you. You will be able to identify your mistakes and rectify them at the earliest.  This will help you to perform better on the final day of the GATE exam.


Previous years paper analysis of GATE

Experts have analysed the previous years question papers of GATE for instrumentation engineering. The analysis of the GATE paper of instrumentation engineering also enables the candidates to know the difficulty level of the exam also. They also get to know how many questions and of mnay marks were asked from which section and sub-section of the GATE Syllabus of instrumentation engineering.  To know the topics  from where questions were asked, candidates can check the links of the GATE question papers of previous years.


GATE 2017 Paper Analysis for IN by The Gate Academy

GATE 2016 Analysis (Instrumentation Engineering) by Gate Forum


Tips from the GATE toppers

The vital tips from the toppers can play a pivotal role in helping you to be among the top rankers of GATE. This will enable you to get admission in the M.Tech programmes at the premier institute of your choice. If you are among the top rankers then, you will also be able to get a call for interview from the public sector units, which recruit solely on the basis of the GATE score. Candidates can read the links that are given below to know how the toppers cracked the GATE exam.


GATE 2015 Topper Interview-Aditya Narayan Nanda AIR 10 In Instrumentation Engineering

GATE 2014 Topper Interview-Ashish Behera (IE AIR 1)


Track more information about GATE 2018 at


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First Published On : 02 Sep 2017 12:03 PM IST

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