Aeronautical engineering is the specialized branch of engineering for the aviation industry. It involves studying, designing, construction and science of the airplanes and other spacecraft. This branch uses the science of propulsion and aerodynamics. In order to be a successful Aeronautics engineer, you must be alert, have an eye for detail and a high level of mathematical precision for success.


This special feature of Careers360 brings to you an overview of this specialized domain of Engineering, career opportunities & scope, job profile details and top engineering colleges offering Aeronautical Engineering. We also bring you insights on job profiles and top recruiters for Aeronautical Engineering.


Aeronautical EngineeringAeronautical Engineering: An Overview


This branch mainly deals with the technology, business and other aspects related to aircraft. One of the significant parts in aeronautical engineering is a branch of physical science called aerodynamics. It deals with motion of air and the way in which it interacts with objects in motion, such as an aircraft.


The development and manufacturing of a flight vehicle is extremely complex, and demands a careful balance and compromise between abilities, design, available technology and costs.


Aeronautical Engineering is a part of Aerospace Engineering. Astronautical Engineering is another branch of the core field, deals with spacecrafts operating outside the atmosphere of Earth.


Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), a premier aerospace company fully owned by Indian government, is among top 100 global aerospace companies. Retaining 38th rank globally, it has become a major name in the Aerospace Industry and is also a key partner for space programmes of ISRO. A notable name in the industry, HAL is also among top 5 aerospace manufacturing companies in terms of profit margin, which is 23%.


According to Confederation of India Industry (CII), India’s Aircraft MRO segment (Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul) is estimated to grow at 10% and reach USD 2.6 billion by 2020.

What is Aeronautical Engineering?


Aeronautical Engineering is the science or art which is involved with the study, design, and manufacturing of air flight-capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets. Basically, it is the science of operating the aircraft and related technology.


The core subjects of Aeronautical Engineering are as follows:

  • Fluid Dynamics

  • Materials sciences

  • Structural Analysis

  • Propulsion

  • Automatic Control and Guidance

  • Aircraft Performance and Aircraft Structures

Aeronautical Engineering in IndiaWhat do you do as Aeronautical Engineer?


The aeronautical engineers apply scientific and technological principles to research, design, develop, maintain and test the performance of the civil and military aircraft, missiles and weapon systems. The engineers not only work for the aviation industry but also in the Defence sector, i.e. Air Force sector.


The aeronautical engineer looks after the research and development of different types of aircrafts. They work with the help of Computer Softwares such as Computer Aided Design (CAD) to develop the aircraft or related avionics.


The aircraft which the engineers develop or work on can either be commercial airplanes/airbuses or helicopters or military aircrafts. Along with the specialized knowledge of aerospace domain, these engineers also require expertise in Mechanical Engineering, Electronics Engineering and other allied fields.


How to pursue Aeronautical Engineering


To pursue a career in this sector, the first step is to get a UG degree in Aeronautical Engineering. You have to pass 10+2 board exam from a recognized board in India with Science- Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry to pursue B.Tech in Aeronautical Engineering. You have to qualify for the engineering entrance exam like JEE. After which you will be assigned the branch through counselling.


Top colleges for studying Aeronautical Engineering

iitbIIT Bombay

iitkanpur-logoIIT Kanpur

IITIIT Kharagpur

Iitmadras_logoIIT Madras

IIST_logo_clearerIndian Institute of Space Science and Technology

IIsc_logoIndian Institute of Science

upes-logoUniversity of Petroleum and Energy Studies

PEC_University_of_Technology_logoPEC University of Technology    

hindustanHindustan University

Amrita-universityAmrita University

Click here to get the full list of colleges offering Aeronautical Engineering


Scope and Opportunities of Aeronautical Engineering


After pursuing B.Tech/B.E in Aeronautical Engineering, students can pursue M.Tech/MS in the following specializations:

  • Aerodynamics

  • Dynamics and Control

  • Aerospace Propulsion

The job profiles which are commonly offered to the aeronautical engineers are as follows:

  • Aerospace Design Checker

  • Aircraft Engineers

  • Aircraft Production Manager

  • Thermal Design Engineer

Top recruiters 

HALHindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)

NALNational Aerospace Laboratories (NAL)




Air-India-LogoAir India



Jet-Airways-LogoJet Airways


Stay tuned to for more on Engineering Branches.


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