Modern life would freeze; economy could stumble if power deficit is not fixed. Thus, electricity is required everywhere; from agriculture fields to communication systems to manufacturing gigantic rockets. Importance of energy can’t be over-stated.


Electrical Engineering is a popular branch of engineering which deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. The subfields include electronics, digital computers, power engineering, telecommunications, control systems, RF engineering, and signal processing. The focus of the course remains on designing and testing ICs, inductors, capacitors and resistors. The students also learn to design electronic circuits, computer systems and also develop control systems. Electrical engineers are considered to deal with the problems associated with systems such as electric power transmission and electrical machines. The course mainly includes fundamentals and principles of Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science and Project Management. The sub disciplines of Electrical and Electronics Engineering include power, control, electronics, microelectronics and Signal processing, Telecommunications, Instrumentation and Computers.


Electrical Engineering refers to electrical machinery, problems of generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy, electrical controls in factories, motors and their control and transformers. One of its objectives is to provide electrical power to customers.


Graduate degree in Electrical Engineering spans for eight semesters, designated as Bachelor of Engineering (BE) or Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) at undergraduate level and with specialization in the subject domain at postgraduate and doctoral level. The undergraduate syllabus in the Indian universities typically includes major subjects of Electrical Machines, Switchgear protection, Electrical Drivers, High Voltage Engineering, Power System Analysis and Control, Power System Protection.


Prominent Institutes:

Core subjects:

  • Electricity Technology and Machines

  • Circuit Analysis, Electronics

  • Electro-magnetism

  • Electrical Engineering Material

  • Instrumentation

  • Control systems

  • Power Engineering

  • Transmission & Distribution

  • Thermodynamics

  • Microprocessor interfacing

Higher Education

There are several higher studies options available for BE/B.Tech degree holders in Electrical Engineering. For pursuing postgraduate courses, graduates have to qualify GATE with a good score. Students who want to pursue M.Tech may consider following specializations other than electrical or electrical and electronics engineering. In admission interviews to most institutions, 70 per cent weightage is given to the marks scored in the GATE exam and 30 per cent to academic merit. Clearing the GATE exam also makes one eligible for scholarships from the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development. Following are some of the higher studies options available after B.Tech/BE in Electrical Engineering:

  • Power Electronics and Drives

  • Power Systems

  • Electrical Machines

  • Control and Instrumentation

  • Applied Electronics

  • Embedded Systems

  • VLSI Design

Job prospects

To make India a ‘Power House’, the industry requires huge numbers of engineers to tackle the prevailing power deficit. Since industrial expansion is on the upswing, the industry is looking for fresh enthusiastic minds to contribute their skills for its growth.

  • India is world's third largest producer of electricity with 4.8 percent global share in electricity generation surpassing Japan and Russia in 2013

  • Indian government’s ambitious goal of “power for all” owing to which the power sector is poised for significant expansion

  • 4 percent growthover the previous fiscal in electricity production.

  • Compounded annual growth rate of 5.6percent

  • Positive investment climate, expansion of power industry

  • Proposal to add 76,000 MW of power capacity during 12th five year plan (2012-17)

  • Target of adding 93,000 MW in the 13th five year plan (2017-2022)

  • Guidelines to encourage private sector participation for faster growth

  • Commencement of new projects (sources: KPMG & FICCI).

Job profiles

Efficient generation, transmission and transformation of electrical energy are decisive prerequisites for rapid development of industry and agriculture. Without this vital energy our daily lives would grind to a halt and therefore electrical engineers have many opportunities.

They can be found working in every sphere of modern life including manufacturing to process industries, robotics to embedded systems, automobiles to transport, and from aviation to navigation industries.

  • Research and blueprinting the design

  • Design, manufacture, develop, evaluate, sell, market and administer new electric components and testing equipment 

  • Generation, Transmission and Distribution of energy

  • To deal with all kinds of electronic devices ranging from biggest machines to small size pocket devices

  • Troubleshooting and Controlling devices for generating electricity

  • Quality, security and conversion of applications and electrical systems

  • Using diverse technologies and equipment for production and operation of electrical energy

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