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About AP PGECET 2024
AP PGECET 2024: Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati has commenced the AP PGECET 2024 phase 2 registration on September 20, 2024. The authority has updated the AP PGECET 2024 registration link on the official website, pgecetsche1.aptonline.in. The last date to register for the round 2 counselling is September 22, 2024. The authority has published the AP PGECET 2024 counselling schedule for round 2 on the official website. The AP PGECET 2024 seat allotment will be announced on September 30, 2024.
The authority has announced the AP PGECET 2024 seat allotment on September 14, 2024. The AP PGECET web option editing process concluded on September 12. Candidates could exercise the AP PGECET 2024 web options entry from September 8 to 11. The AP PGECET counselling registration portal for nonGATE/GPAT candidates was active from September 4 to 6. Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati conducted the counselling for GATE/GPAT candidates from August 25 to September 3.
The authority conducted the AP PGECET 2024 exam from May 29 to 31. AP PGECET 2024 hall ticket was issued on May 22, 2024. The link to download the AP PGECET 2024 admit card is available on the official website, cets.apsche.ap.gov.in/PGECET. To prepare for the entrance test, candidates must follow the AP PGECET syllabus and exam pattern.
The authority concluded the AP PGECET 2024 application form correction process on May 14, 2024. The AP PGECET 2024 form correction window was opened on May 8. Â The last date to apply for AP PGECET 2024 without a late fee was April 20. However, candidates could submit the AP PGECET 2024 application form with a late fee by May 12. Candidates who have completed graduation in the relevant field with a minimum of 50% (45% for reserved category) could apply for the AP PGECET 2024.
AP PGECET 2024: Latest News and Notification
 Registration for AP PGECET 2024 counselling round 2 commenced on September 20, 2024.
 AP PGECET 2024 round 2 counselling schedule published.
 AP PGECET 2024 seat allotment for round 1 has been announced.
 Change of AP PGECET web options concluded.
 AP PGECET answer key challenge window closed.
 The preliminary answer key for AP PGECET exam held on May 29 is available now.
 AP PGECET 2024 exam commenced.
 AP PGECET admit card 2024 released.
 AP PGECET 2024 form correction concluded.
 AP PGECET form correction started.
 AP PGECET 2024 registration commenced.
 Sri Venkateswara University has announced the AP PGECET 2024 exam date online. The authority will conduct the AP PGECET 2024 from May 29 to 31, 2024.
What is AP PGECET?
AP PGECET or Andhra Pradesh Post Graduate Engineering Common Engineering Entrance Test is a state entrance exam conducted by Andhra University, Visakhapatnam. The candidates who will qualify for the exam will be eligible to get admission to the Engineering / Pharmacy colleges and their affiliated colleges approved by the All India Council for Technical Education for various courses like M.E./MTech, M. Pharma, and Pharm. D courses. AP PGECET is a statelevel examination that is conducted once a year. The duration of the exam is 2 hours and the candidates are asked 120 MCQs with one mark each.
The authorities will first release the preliminary answer key of AP PGECET 2024 and the candidates will be able to raise objections against the answer key. The AP PGECET 2024 result will be announced on the official website Those students who will be appeared in the AP PGECET examination are allowed to check their results at cets.apsche.ap.gov.in. For downloading the rank card, the registration number, PGECET hall ticket number, and date of birth will be required. Candidates who qualify AP PGECET exam will be eligible to participate in the counselling process on a merit basis.
The AP PGECET 2024 counselling date will be released by the authorities. Admission into MTech courses offered by the AP PGECET 2024 participating institutions will be done through the Andhra Pradesh PGECET exam and GATE exam. Candidates must note that GATEqualified candidates will be exempted from appearing for the AP PG entrance examination and are eligible for direct admissions.
Also read 
GRE exam
AP PGECET 2024 Â Papers
AP PGECET exam 2024 will be conducted for the following subject papers:

GeoEngineering & Geo Informatics (GG)

Computer Science & Information Technology (CS)

Civil Engineering (CE)

BioTechnology (BT)

Chemical Engineering (CH)

Nano Technology (NT)
 Pharmacy (PY)
AP PGECET 2024 Highlights
Full Exam Name  Andhra Pradesh Post Graduate Engineering Common Entrance Test 
Short Exam Name  AP PGECET 
Conducting Body  Sri Venkateswara University Tirupati 
Frequency of Conduct  Once a year 
Exam Level  State Level Exam 
Languages  English 
Mode of Application  Online 
Application Fee (General)  1200 Rs [Online] 
Mode of Exam  Online 
Mode of Counselling  Online / Offline 
Participating Colleges  123 
Exam Duration  2 Hours 
Download all details about AP PGECET 2024
Download BrochureAP PGECET 2024 Important Dates
Upcoming Dates and Events
15 Sep, 2024  20 Sep, 2024
Counselling  NonGATE Candidates: Self reporting  Mode: Offline ^{Ongoing}
20 Sep, 2024  22 Sep, 2024
Counselling  Phase 2 Registration  Mode: Online ^{Ongoing}
24 Sep, 2024  25 Sep, 2024
Counselling  Phase 2Web Counselling Registration& Uploading of certificates  Mode: Online
25 Sep, 2024  26 Sep, 2024
Counselling  Phase 2 Online Certificate Verification  Mode: Online
27 Sep, 2024  28 Sep, 2024
Counselling  Phase 2Web options Selection  Mode: Online
29 Sep, 2024
Counselling  Phase 2 Change of Web options  Mode: Online
30 Sep, 2024
Counselling  Phase 2  Seat Allotment  Mode: Online
01 Oct, 2024  04 Oct, 2024
Counselling  Phase 2 Reporting at the allotted Colleges  Mode: Online
Past Dates and Events
17 Sep, 2024
Commencement of classwork  Start Date  Mode: Offline
14 Sep, 2024
Counselling  NonGATE Candidates: Seat Allotment  Mode: Online
04 Sep, 2024  12 Sep, 2024
Counselling  Selfreporting  Mode: Online
12 Sep, 2024
Counselling  NonGATE Candidates: Edit Web Options  Mode: Online
08 Sep, 2024  11 Sep, 2024
Counselling  NonGATE Candidates: Web Options  Mode: Online
05 Sep, 2024  07 Sep, 2024
Counselling  NonGATE Candidates: Certification verification  Mode: Online
04 Sep, 2024  06 Sep, 2024
Counselling  NonGATE Candidates: Registration  Mode: Online
03 Sep, 2024
Counselling  Seat allotment  Mode: Online
01 Sep, 2024
Counselling  Change of web options  Mode: Online
30 Aug, 2024  31 Aug, 2024
Counselling  Web option  Mode: Online
26 Aug, 2024  29 Aug, 2024
Counselling  Verification of uploaded certificates  Mode: Online
25 Aug, 2024  28 Aug, 2024
Counselling  Registration form  Mode: Online
19 Jun, 2024
Result  Declaration of Ranks  Mode: Online
02 Jun, 2024  04 Jun, 2024
Answer Key  Objections on preliminary  Mode: Online
02 Jun, 2024
Answer Key  Preliminary answer key for May 31 exam  Mode: Online
31 May, 2024  02 Jun, 2024
Answer Key  Preliminary  Mode: Online
01 Jun, 2024
Answer Key  Preliminary answer key for May 30 exam  Mode: Online
29 May, 2024  31 May, 2024
Exam  Mode: Online
22 May, 2024  31 May, 2024
Admit Card  Mode: Online
31 May, 2024
Answer Key  Preliminary answer key for May 29 exam  Mode: Online
08 May, 2024  14 May, 2024
Application Correction  Mode: Online
06 May, 2024  12 May, 2024
Application  Online application with late fee Rs. 5000  Mode: Online
29 Apr, 2024  05 May, 2024
Application  Online application with late fee Rs. 2000  Mode: Online
21 Apr, 2024  28 Apr, 2024
Application  Online application with late fee Rs. 500  Mode: Online
23 Mar, 2024  20 Apr, 2024
Application  Mode: Online
17 Mar, 2024
Advertisement  Mode: Online
Candidates are advised to check the eligibility criteria of AP PGECET 2024 before filling out the application form. The authorities have released the AP PGECET 2024 eligibility criteria on the official website. Candidates not complying with the eligibility criteria of AP PGECET 2024 will not be allowed to participate in the exam process. AP PGECET eligibility criteria for 2024 are listed below:

Age â€“ Candidates should not be younger than 21 years of age. The authorities have not enunciated any upper age limit for AP PGECET 2024.

Nationality â€“ The candidates should be of Indian nationality.

Domicile â€“ The candidates applying for the AP PGECET exam 2024 should be permanent residents of Andhra Pradesh or Telangana.

Academic Qualifications â€“ They must have passed the qualifying examination i.e., B.E./ B.Tech successfully.

Marks Required â€“ The candidates belonging to the general category are required to secure at least 50% marks in the qualifying exam, whereas the candidates of reserved categories have to score 40%.
 GATE â€“ Direct admissions will be offered for GATEqualified candidates
Mode of Application : Online
Mode of Payment : Net Banking  Credit Card  Debit Card  Other
The authority concluded the AP PGECET form correction process on May 14. The registered candidates could modify the information in the application before the last date. AP PGECET 2024 registration without late fee concluded on April 20. However, candidates could apply for AP PGECET with a late fee by May 12. Students need to check the eligibility criteria before applying for the AP PGECET 2024 exam.
How to fill AP PGECET 2024 Application Form?
Candidates are provided below with the steps to fill AP PGECET form 2024:

Candidates have to visit the AP PGECET 2024 official website at sche.ap.gov.in. The first step requires candidates to pay the application fee. Payment of the AP PGECET application fee has to be done in online mode (net banking/credit card/debit card) or offline through AP Online Centres. After the application fee payment, candidates were able to continue with the AP PGECET application process.

Candidates have to submit the following information while filling out the AP PGECET 2024 application form â€“ payment reference ID, qualifying examination hall ticket number, mobile number, and date of birth.

They will also have to provide personal, communication, and qualifying examination details. Selection of preferred AP PGECET exam centre also has to be done.

The scanned images of their photograph and signature are to be uploaded as per the specifications mentioned by the candidates.

Finally, the candidates have to submit their AP PGECET 2024 application form. The generated registration number will have to be kept safely for future use. The printout of the filled application form also has to be produced at the examination venue.
Application Fees
Category  Quota  Mode  Gender  Amount 

General  Online  Male, Female  ₹ 1200  
ST, SC  Online  Male, Female  ₹ 700  
OBC  Online  Male, Female  ₹ 900 
AP PGECET Biotechnology Syllabus
Engineering mathematics
Linear algebra 

Matrices and determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors 
Calculus 

Limit, continuity, and differentiability, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, sequences and series, test for convergence, Fourier series 
Differential equations 

Linear and nonlinear first order ODEs, higher order ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchyâ€™s and Eulerâ€™s equations, Laplace transforms, PDELaplace, heat, and wave equations 
Probability and Statistics 

Probability and sampling theorem, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, correlation and regression analysis 
Numerical methods 

Solution of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, integration of trapezoidal and Simpsonâ€™s rule, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Biotechnology
Microbiology 

Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; microbial nutrition, growth and control; microbial metabolism (aerobic and anaerobic respiration, photosynthesis); nitrogen fixation; chemical basis of mutations and mutagens 
Microbial genetics (plasmids, transformation, transduction, conjugation); microbial diversity and characteristic features; viruses 
Biochemistry 

Biomolecules and their conformation; weak intermolecular interactions in macromolecules; chemical and functional nature of enzymes; kinetics of single substrate and bisubstrate enzyme catalyzed reactions; bioenergetics 
Metabolism (glycolysis, TCA, and oxidative phosphorylation); membrane transport and pumps; cell cycle and cell growth control; cell signaling and signal transduction 
Molecular biology and genetics 

Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes; DNA replication and control; transcription and its control; translational processes; regulatory controls in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Mendelian inheritance; gene interaction; complementation; linkage 
Recombination and chromosome mapping; extra chromosomal inheritance; chromosomal variation; population genetics; transposable elements, molecular basis of genetic diseases and applications 
Process biotechnology 

Bioprocess technology for the production of cell biomass and primary/ secondary metabolites, such as Bakerâ€™s yeast, ethanol, citric acid, amino acids, exopolysaccharides, antibiotics and pigments etc; microbial production 
Purification and bioprocess application(s) of industrial enzymes; production and purification of recombinant proteins on a large scale; chromatographic and membrane based bioseparation methods 
Immobilization of enzymes and cells and their application for bioconversion processes 
Aerobic and anaerobic biological processes for stabilization of solid/ liquid wastes; bioremediation 
Bioprocess engineering 

Kinetics of microbial growth, substrate utilization and product formation; simple structured models; sterilization of air and media; batch, fedbatch and continuous processes; aeration and agitation; mass transfer and bioreactors 
Rheology of fermentation fluids; scaleup concepts; design of fermentation media; various types of microbial and enzyme reactors; instrumentation and bioreactors 
Plant and animal biotechnology 

Special features and organization of plant cells; totipotency; regeneration of plants; plant products of industrial importance; biochemistry of major metabolic pathways and products; autotrophic and heterotrophic growth 
Plant growth regulators and elicitors; cell suspension culture development: Methodology, kinetics of growth and production formation, nutrient optimization; production of secondary metabolites by plant suspension cultures 
Hairy root cultures and their cultivation 
Techniques and raising transgencies 
Characteristics of animal cells 

Metabolism, regulation, and nutritional requirements for mass cultivation of animal cell cultures; kinetics of cell growth and product formation and effect of shear force; product and substrate transport; micro and macrocarrier culture 
Hybridoma technology; livestock improvement; cloning and animals; genetic engineering and animal cell culture; animal cell preservation 
Immunology 

The origin of immunology; inherent immunity; humoral and cell mediated immunity; primary and secondary lymphoid organ; antigen; B and T cells and macrophages; major histocompatibility complex (MHC); antigen processing and presentation 
Synthesis of antibody and secretion; molecular basis of antibody diversity; polyclonal and monoclonal antibody; complement; antigenantibody reaction; regulation of immune response; immune tolerance; hyper sensitivity; autoimmunity 
Graft versus host reaction 
Recombinant DNA technology 

Restriction and modification enzymes; vectors: Plasmid, bacteriophage and other viral vectors, cosmids, Ti plasmid, yeast artificial chromosome; cDNA and genomic DNA library; gene isolation; gene cloning; expression of cloned gene 
Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA sequencing; polymerase chain reactions; DNA fingerprinting; southern and northern blotting; insitu hybridization; RAPD; RFLP; site directed mutagenesis; gene transfer technologies; gene therapy 
Bioinformatics 

Major bioinformatics resources (NCBI, EBI, ExPASy); sequence and structure databases; sequence analysis (bimolecular sequence file formats, scoring matrices, sequence alignment, phylogeny) 
Genomics and proteomics (large scale genome sequencing strategies; comparative genomics; understanding DNA microarrays and protein arrays); molecular modeling and simulations (basic concepts including concept of force fields) 
AP PGECET Chemical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering mathematics
Linear algebra 

Matrices and determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues, and Eigenvectors 
Calculus 

Functions of single variable, limit, continuity, and differentiability, mean value theorems, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, total derivative, maxima and minima, gradient, divergence and curl, vector densities 
Directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss, and Green's theorems 
Differential equations 

First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms 
Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation 
Complex variables 

Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem, Taylor and Laurent series, residue theorem 
Probability and Statistics 

Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, conditional probability, probability density function, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, exponential, Poisson, normal, and binomial distributions 
Numerical methods 

Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations integration by trapezoidal and Simpson's rule, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Chemical engineering
Process calculations and thermodynamics 

Laws of conservation of mass and energy; use of tie components; recycle, bypass and purge calculations; degree of freedom analysis 
First and second laws of thermodynamics 
First law application to close and open systems 
Second law and entropy thermodynamic properties of pure substances: Equation of state and departure function, properties of mixtures: Partial molar properties, fugacity, excess properties and activity coefficients; phase equilibria 
Predicting VLE of systems; chemical reaction equilibria 
Fluid mechanics and mechanical operations 

Fluid statics, Newtonian and nonNewtonian fluids, Bernoulli equation, macroscopic friction factors, energy balance, dimensional analysis, shell balances, flow through pipeline systems, flow meters, pumps and compressors, packed and fluidized beds 
Elementary boundary layer theory, size reduction and size separation; free and hindered settling; centrifuge and cyclones; thickening and classification, filtration, mixing and agitation; conveying of solids 
Heat transfer 

Conduction, convection and radiation, heat transfer coefficients, steady and unsteady heat conduction, boiling, condensation and evaporation; types of heat exchangers and evaporators and their design 
Mass transfer 

Fick's law, molecular diffusion in fluids, mass transfer coefficients, two film, penetration and surface renewal theories; momentum, heat and mass transfer analogies; stage wise and continuous contacting operations and stage efficiencies 
HTU and NTU concepts design and operation of equipment for distillation, absorption, leaching, liquidliquid extraction, drying, humidification, dehumidification and adsorption 
Chemical reaction engineering 

Theories of reaction rates; kinetics of homogeneous reactions, interpretation of kinetic data, single and multiple reactions in ideal reactors, nonideal reactors; residence time distribution, single parameter model; nonisothermal reactors 
Kinetics of heterogeneous catalytic reactions; diffusion effects in catalysis 
Instrumentation and process control 

Measurement of process variables; sensors, transducers and their dynamics, transfer functions and dynamic responses of simple systems, process reaction curve, controller modes (P, PI, and PID); control valves 
Analysis of closed loop systems including stability, frequency response and controller tuning, cascade, feed forward control 
Plant design and economics 

Process design and sizing of chemical engineering equipment such as compressors, heat exchangers, multistage contactors; principles of process economics and cost estimation including total annualized cost, cost indexes, rate of return, payback period 
Discounted cash flow, optimization in design 
Chemical technology 

Inorganic chemical industries; sulfuric acid, NaOH, fertilizers (ammonia, urea, SSP, and TSP); natural products industries (pulp and paper, sugar, oil, and fats); petroleum refining and petrochemicals 
Polymerization industries; polyethylene, polypropylene, PVC and polyester synthetic fibers 
AP PGECET Civil Engineering Syllabus
Engineering mathematics
Linear algebra 

Matrices and determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors 
Calculus 

Functions of single variable, limit, continuity, and differentiability, mean value theorems, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, total derivative, maxima and minima, gradient, divergence and curl, vector identities 
Directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss, and Green's theorems 
Differential equations 

First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms 
Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation 
Complex variables 

Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem, Taylor, and Laurent series 
Probability and Statistics 

Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, conditional probability, probability density function, mean, median, mode, and standard deviation, random variables, exponential, Poisson, normal, and binomial distributions 
Numerical methods 

Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations integration by trapezoidal and Simpson's rule, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Structural engineering
Mechanics 

Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams 
Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr's circle 
Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre 
Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses 
Structural analysis 

Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods 
Analysis by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures 
Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis 
Concrete structures 

Concrete technologyproperties of concrete, basics of mix design 
Concrete design, working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members subjected to flexure, shear, compression and torsion by limit state methods 
Basic elements of prestressed concrete, analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads 
Steel structures 

Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams, beamcolumns, column bases 
Connectionssimple and eccentric, beamcolumn connections, plate girders, and trusses 
Plastic analysis of beams and frames 
Geotechnical engineering
Soil mechanics 

Origin of soils, soil classification, threephase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability and seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength 
Foundation engineering 

Subsurface investigationsscope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test 
Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils 
Stability of slopesinfinite slopes, finite slopes 
Foundation typesfoundation design requirements 
Shallow foundationsbearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysis in sands and clays 
Deep foundations, pile types, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, negative skin friction 
Water resources and environmental engineering
Fluid mechanics and hydraulics 

Properties of fluids, principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulliâ€™s equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes, pipe networks 
Concept of boundary layer and its growth 
Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump 
Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes 
Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling 
Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles, and specific speed of pumps and turbines 
Hydrology 

Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing 
Well hydraulics 
Irrigation 

Duty, delta, estimation of evapotranspiration 
Crop water requirements 
Design of lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams, and spillways 
Design of weirs on permeable foundation 
Types of irrigation system, irrigation methods 
Water logging and drainage, sodic soils 
Environmental engineering
Water and wastewater engineering 

Drinking water quality standards, water demand/ requirements, unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, sedimentation, coagulation, filtration, disinfection, special treatment methods, distribution of water 
Sewage and sewerage, sewer appurtenances, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary, and tertiary treatment of domestic wastewater, effluent discharge standards, sludge treatment, and disposal 
Air pollution 

Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control methods and units, air quality standards, and limits 
Municipal solid wastes 

Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment, and disposal) 
Noise pollution 

Impacts of noise, permissible limits, measurement of noise, and control of noise pollution 
Transportation engineering
Highway planning 

Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid pavements 
Traffic engineering 

Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity 
Surveying 

Importance of surveying, principles, and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors, and adjustments, curves 
AP PGECET Computer Science & Information Technology Syllabus
Engineering mathematics
Probability and Statistics 

Probability, conditional probability; probability density function, mean, median, mode and standard deviation; random variables; distributions; uniform, normal, exponential, Poisson, binomial 
Set theory and algebra 

Sets; relations; functions; groups; partial orders; lattice; Boolean algebra 
Linear algebra 

Algebra of matrices, determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors 
Numerical methods 

LU decomposition for systems of linear equations; numerical solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations by secant, bisection, and NewtonRaphson methods; numerical integration by trapezoidal and Simpson's rules 
Calculus 

Limit, continuity, and differentiability, mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, total derivatives, maxima and minima 
Computer science and information technology
Combinatorics 

Permutations; combinations; counting; summation; generating functions; recurrence relations; asymptotic 
Graph theory 

Connectivity; spanning trees; cut vertices and edges; covering; matching; independent sets; coloring; planarity; isomorphism 
Mathematical logic 

Propositional logic; first order logic 
Digital logic 

Logic functions, minimization, design and synthesis of combinational and sequential circuits; number representation and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point) 
Computer organization and architecture 

Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU and datapath, CPU control design, memory interface, I/O interface (interrupt and DMA mode), instruction pipelining, cache and main memory, secondary storage 
Programming and data structures 

Programming in C; functions, recursion, parameter passing, scope, binding; abstract data types, arrays, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, binary search trees, binary heaps 
Algorithms 

Analysis, asymptotic notation, notions of space and time complexity, worst and average case analysis; design: Greedy approach, dynamic programming, divideand conquer; tree and graph traversals, connected components, spanning trees, shortest paths 
Design: Hashing, sorting, searching 
Asymptotic analysis (best, worst, average cases) of time and space, upper and lower bounds, basic concepts of complexity classes P, NP, NPhard, NPcomplete 
Theory of computation 

Regular languages and finite automata, context free languages and pushdown automata, recursively enumerable sets and turing machines, undecidability 
Compiler design 

Lexical analysis, parsing, syntax directed translation, runtime environments, intermediate and target code generation, basics of code optimization 
Operating system 

Processes, threads, interprocess communication, concurrency, synchronization, deadlock, CPU scheduling, memory management and virtual memory, file systems, I/O systems, protection and security 
Databases 

ERmodel, relational model (relational algebra, tuple calculus), database design (integrity constraints, normal forms), query languages (SQL), file structures (sequential files, indexing, B and B+ trees), transactions and concurrency control 
Information systems and software engineering 

Information gathering, requirement and feasibility analysis, data flow diagrams, process specifications, input/ output design, process life cycle, planning and managing the project, design, coding, testing, implementation, maintenance 
Computer networks 

ISO/OSI stack, LAN technologies (ethernet, token ring), flow and error control techniques, routing algorithms, congestion control, TCP/UDP and sockets, IP(v4), application layer protocols (ICMP, DNS, SMTP, POP, FTP, http) 
Basic concepts of hubs, switches, gateways, and routers 
Network security basic concepts of public key and private key cryptography, digital signature, firewalls 
Web technologies 

HTML, XML, basic concepts of clientserver computing 
AP PGECET Electrical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering mathematics
Linear algebra 

Matrices and determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors 
Calculus 

Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series 
Vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss, and Green's theorems 
Differential equations 

First order equation (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, initial and boundary value problems 
Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method 
Complex variables 

Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent's series, residue theorem, solution integrals 
Probability and Statistics 

Probability and sampling theorems, conditional probability, probability density function, mean, median, mode, and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions, exponential, Poisson, normal, and binomial distribution 
Correlation and regression analysis 
Numerical methods 

Solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Electrical engineering
Electric circuits and fields 

Network graph, KCL, KVL, node and mesh analysis, transient response of DC and AC networks; sinusoidal steadystate analysis, resonance, basic filter concepts; ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin's 
Norton's and superposition and maximum power transfer theorems, twoport networks, three phase circuits; Gauss theorem, electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions; Ampere's and BiotSavart's laws; inductance 
Dielectrics; capacitance 
Signals and systems 

Representation of continuous and discretetime signals; shifting and scaling operations; linear, timeinvariant and causal systems; Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals; sampling theorem; Fourier, Laplace, and Z transforms 
Electrical machines 

Single phase transformerequivalent circuit, phasor diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency; three phase transformersconnections, parallel operation; autotransformer; energy conversion principles; DC machinestypes, windings, generator characteristics 
DC machinesarmature reaction and commutation, starting and speed control of motors; three phase induction motorsprinciples, types, performance characteristics, starting and speed control; single phase induction motors; synchronous machinesperformance 
Synchronous machinesregulation and parallel operation of generators, motor starting, characteristics, and applications; servo and stepper motors 
Power systems 

Basic power generation concepts; transmission line models and performance; cable performance, insulators; corona and radio interference; distribution systems; perunit quantities; bus impedance and admittance matrices; load flow 
Voltage control; power factor correction; symmetrical components; fault analysis; principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection; solid state relays and digital protection; circuit breakers; system stability concepts 
Swing curves and equal area criterion; HVDC transmission and FACTS concepts 
Control systems 

Principles of feedback, transfer function, block diagrams; steadystate errors; Routh and Nyquist techniques; Bode plots; root loci; lag, lead and leadlag compensation; state space model; state transition matrix, controllability, and observability 
Electrical and electronic measurements 

Bridges and potentiometers; PMMC, moving iron, dynamometer and induction type instruments; measurement of voltage, current, power, energy, and power factor; instrument transformers; digital voltmeters and multimeters; phase, time and frequency measurement 
Qmeters; oscilloscopes; error analysis 
Analog and digital electronics 

Characteristics of diodes, BJT, FET; amplifiersbiasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response; oscillators and feedback amplifiers; operational amplifierscharacteristics and applications; simple active filters; VCOs and timers 
Combinational and sequential logic circuits; multiplexer; schmitt trigger; multivibrators; sample and hold circuits; A/D and D/A converters; 8bit microprocessor basics (8085 ), architecture, programming, and interfacing 
Power electronics and drives 

Semiconductor power diodes, transistors, thyristors, triacs, GTOs, MOSFETs, and IGBTsstatic characteristics and principles of operation; triggering circuits; phase control rectifiers; bridge convertersfully controlled and half controlled 
Principles of choppers and inverters; basic concepts of adjustable speed DC and AC drives 
Electric traction system 

Speedtime curves, specific energy consumption, mechanism of train movement 
AP PGECET Electronics & Communication Engineering Syllabus
Engineering mathematics
Linear algebra 

Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors 
Calculus 

Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series 
Vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems 
Differential equations 

First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, initial and boundary value problems 
Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method 
Complex variables 

Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem, and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent' Series, residue theorem, solution integrals 
Probability and Statistics 

Probability and sampling theorems, conditional probability, probability density function, mean, median, mode, and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions, exponential, Poisson, normal and Binomial distributions 
Correlation and regression analysis 
Numerical methods 

Solutions of nonlinear equations, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Electronics and communication engineering
Networks 

Network graphs: Matrices associated with graphs; incidence, fundamental cut set and fundamental circuit matrices 
Solution methods: nodal and mesh analysis 
Network theorems: Superposition, Thevenin, and Norton's maximum power transfer, WyeDelta transformation 
Steady state sinusoidal analysis using phasors 
Linear constant coefficient differential equations; time domain analysis of simple RLC circuits, solution of network equations using Laplace transform: Frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits 
2port network parameters: Driving point and transfer functions 
State equations for networks 
Electronic devices 

Energy bands in silicon, intrinsic, and extrinsic silicon 
Carrier transport in silicon: Diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity 
Generation and recombination of carriers 
PN Junction diode, Zener diode, tunnel diode, BJT, JFET, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, PIN and avalanche photodiode, basics of lasers 
Device technology: Integrated circuits fabrication process, oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, ntub, ptub, and twintub CMOS process 
Analog circuits 

Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes, BJTs, MOSFETs, and analog CMOS 
Simple diode circuits, clipping, clamping, rectifier 
Biasing and bias stability of BJT and FET amplifiers 
Amplifiers: Singleand multistage, differential and operational, feedback, and power 
Frequency response of an amplifiers 
Simple opamp circuits 
Filters 
Sinusoidal oscillators; criterion for oscillation; singletransistor and opamp configurations 
Function generators and waveshaping circuits, 555 timers 
Power supplies 
Digital circuits 

Boolean algebra, minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates; digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS) 
Combinatorial circuits: Arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders, PROMs, and PLAs 
Sequential circuits: Latches and flipflops, counters, and shiftregisters 
Sample and hold circuits, ADCs, DACs 
Semiconductor memories 
Microprocessor (8085): Architecture, programming, memory and I/O interfacing 
Signals and systems 

Definitions and properties of Laplace transform 
Continuoustime and discretetime Fourier series, continuoustime and discretetime Fourier transform, DFT and FFT, Ztransform 
Sampling theorem 
Linear timeinvariant (LTI) systems: Definitions and properties; causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay 
Signal transmission through LTI systems 
Control systems 

Basic control system components; block diagrammatic description, reduction of block diagrams 
Open loop and closed loop (feedback) systems and stability analysis of these systems 
Signal flow graphs and their use in determining transfer functions of systems; transient and steady state analysis of LTI control systems and frequency response 
Tools and techniques for LTI control system analysis: Root loci, RouthHurwitz criterion, Bode, and Nyquist plots 
Control system compensators: Elements of lead and lag compensation, elements of proportionalintegralderivative (PID) control 
State variable representation and solution of state equation of LTI control systems 
Communications 

Deterministic and random signals, types of noise, autocorrelation, power spectral density 
Analog communication systems: Amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis of these operations, superheterodyne receivers; elements of hardware, realizations of analog communication systems 
Analog communication systems: Signaltonoise ratio (SNR) calculations for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) for low noise conditions 
Fundamentals of information theory and channel capacity theorem 
Digital communication systems: Pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), digital modulation schemes: Amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK), matched filter receivers 
Digital communication systems: Digital modulation schemesbandwidth consideration and probability of error calculations for these schemes 
Basics of TDMA, FDMA and CDMA and GSM 
Electromagnetics 

Elements of vector calculus: Divergence and curl; Gauss' and Stokes' theorems, Maxwell's equations: Differential and integral forms. Wave equation, Poynting vector 
Plane waves: Propagation through various media; reflection and refraction; phase and group velocity; skin depth 
Transmission lines: Characteristic impedance; impedance transformation; Smith chart; impedance matching; S parameters, pulse excitation 
Waveguides: Modes in rectangular waveguides; boundary conditions; cutoff frequencies; dispersion relations. Basics of propagation in dielectric waveguide and optical fibers 
Basics of Antennas: Dipole antennas; radiation pattern; antenna gain 
AP PGECET Food Technology Syllabus
Food chemistry and nutrition
Food chemistry 

Carbohydratesstructure and functional properties of mono, di, and oligo polysaccharides including starch, cellulose, pectic substances and dietary fibre; proteinsclassification and structure of proteins in food 
Lipidsclassification and structure of lipids, rancidity of fats, polymerization and polymorphism; pigmentscarotenoids, chlorophylls, anthocyanins, tannins and myoglobin; food flavoursterpenes, esters, ketones and quinones 
EnzymesEnzymatic and nonenzymatic browning in different foods 
Nutrition 

Balanced diet, essential amino acids and fatty acids, PER, water soluble and fat soluble vitamins, role of minerals in nutrition, antinutrients, nutrition deficiency diseases 
Food microbiology and biotechnology
Food microbiology 

Characteristics of microorganismsmorphology, structure and detection of bacteria, yeast and mold in food, spores and vegetative cells; microbial growth in foodintrinsic and extrinsic factors, growth and death kinetics 
Characteristics of microorganismsserial dilution method for quantification; food spoilagecontributing factors, spoilage bacteria, microbial spoilage of milk and milk products, meat and meat products; food borne diseasetoxins produced by staphylococcus 
Foodborne diseaseclostridium and aspergillus; bacterial pathogenssalmonella, bacillus, listeria, escherichia coli, shigella, campylobacter 
Biotechnology 

Fermented foodsbuttermilk, yoghurt, cheese, sausage, alcoholic beverage, vinegar, wine, beer, whisky, sauerkraut, soya sauce 
Food technology
Cereals, pulses, and oil seeds 

Composition, nutritive value, processing methods and products of: (i) Rice, wheat, and maize, barley, oats, and minor millets; (ii) bengal gram, red gram, green gram, black gram, chickpeas, (iii) ground nut, soya bean, sunflower, and other oil seeds 
Fruits, vegetables, and plantation crops 

Extraction, clarification, concentration and packaging of fruit juice, production of jam, jelly, marmalade, squash, candies, and pickles, pectin from fruit waste, tea, coffee, chocolate and essential oils from spices 
Meat, fish, poultry, and milk 

Post mortem changes of meat, freezing, aging, pickling, smoking and tenderization of meat, drying and canning of fish 
Structure, composition, nutritive value and functional properties of eggs and its preservation by different methods 
Milk and milk products processing 

Milk processing flow sheet, filtration/ clarification, storage of milk, standardizationsimple problems in standardization, homogenization, pasteurizationtypes of pasteurization process 
Manufacture of cream, butter, ghee, milk powder, cheese 
Food engineering
Fluid mechanics 

Nature of fluids, flow properties of fluids, flow through pipes and fittings, flow measurement, transportation of fluidspumps, compressors, and blowers; heat transfer: Heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation, boiling and condensation 
Heat transfer: Steady and unsteady state heat transfer; other unit operations; size reduction, homogenization, filtration, sedimentation, centrifugation, sieving, mixing, extraction, crystallizations, evaporation, drying and extrusion 
Heat transfer: Types of equipment used in each unit operation, their selection, applications in food industry 
Food quality and standards
Food quality 

Food quality and quality attributesclassification of quality attributes and their role in food quality 
Quality assessment of food materialsfruits and vegetables, cereals and pulses, dairy products, meat, poultry, egg and processed food products sensory evaluation of food quality and its methods food adulteration and food safety 
Standards 

FSSAI/ PFA act 1954 and rules 1955scope; definitions and standards of quality, FPO and MPOrules, FSMS22000: 2005various elements included in the standard, introduction to the family of ISO 22000 standards 
Comparison of ISO 9001:2008 vs. ISO 22000:2005, HACCPterminology, principles, identification of CCP's, application of HACCP system and the logic sequence involved 
AP PGECET Geoengineering & Geoinformatics Syllabus
Engineering mathematics
Linear algebra 

Matrices and determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors 
Calculus 

Functions of single variable, limit, continuity, and differentiability, mean value theorems, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, total derivative, maxima and minima, gradient, divergence and curl, vector identities 
Directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss, and Green's theorems 
Complex variables 

Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem, Taylor, and Laurent series 
Probability and Statistics 

Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode, and standard deviation, random variables, exponential, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions 
Geoengineering
Continents 

Earth composition 
Earthorbit, oceansdepth, bottom, relief 
Rocks
Kinds of rocks 

Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic rocks origin and classification, mineralssilicate minerals and non silicate minerals and physical properties of minerals 
Surveying methods
Topographic surveying 

Theodolite applications, topographic sheets, aerial photo formats maps: Types of photographsvertical and oblique photographs 
Aerial cameras: Lens, optical axis, focal length, focal plane and fiducial marks; principal point; geometry of vertical photographs map projections, fundamentals of cartography 
Physical principles of remote sensing, electromagnetic spectrum
Electromagnetic radiation (EMR) 

Velocity of EM radiation, propagation of EM waves, fundamentals of radiometry: Measure geometryconcept of the solid angle, radiometric quantities, classification of remote sensor, selection of sensor parameters, spatial resolution, spectral resolution 
Radiometric resolution, temporal resolution optical and infrared microwave sensors sunsynchronous and geosynchronous satellitesland coverage, repetitivity, along track and across track stereo vision capability 
IRS, LANDSAT, SPOT, CANADA, JAPAN, EUROPEAN, satellite series 
GIS concepts
Components of GIS 

Hardware, software, data files and databasesdata types database structures, hierarchical, network, relational vector data structurevector data model, arcs, storing area, database creation, digitizer, topology, Euler equation, topological consistency 
Relational vector data structuretopological errors, digital elevation models, data transformationchange in dimensionality, change in positionrubber sheeting, tin sheetingvector to raster, raster to vector conversion vector datapolygon overlay 
Polygon statistics, network analysisnonspatial data analysis, structured query language 
Modeling 

Definition, spatial modeling, external model, conceptual model, logical model, internal modelGIS applications in resource management data capture using GPS for GIS FM studies, object oriented database models 
Recent trends in GIS and applications 

Study of rainfall, estimation of runoff and evapotranspiration, water table environmentmeaning, scope, components environments, soilstexture, strengths, porosity, and permeability 
AP PGECET Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus
Engineering mathematics
Linear algebra 

Matrices and determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors 
Calculus 

Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series 
Vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems 
Differential equations 

First order equation (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, initial and boundary value problems 
Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method 
Complex variables 

Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent's series, residue theorem, solution integrals 
Probability and Statistics 

Probability, sampling theorems, conditional probability, probability density function, mean, median, mode, and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions, exponential, Poisson, normal, and binomial distribution 
Correlation and regression analysis 
Numerical methods 

Solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Instrumentation engineering
Basics of circuits and measurement systems 

Kirchoff's laws, mesh, and nodal analysis 
Circuit theorems 
Oneport and twoport network functions 
Static and dynamic characteristics of Measurement Systems 
Error and uncertainty analysis 
Statistical analysis of data and curve fitting 
Transducers, mechanical measurement, and industrial instrumentation 

Resistive, capacitive, inductive and piezoelectric transducers and their signal conditioning 
Measurement of displacement, velocity and acceleration (translational and rotational), force, torque, vibration and shock 
Measurement of pressure, flow, temperature and liquid level 
Measurement of Ph, conductivity, viscosity and humidity 
Analog electronics 

Characteristics of diode, BJT, JFET, and MOSFET 
Diode circuits 
Transistors at low and high frequencies, amplifiers, single and multistage 
Feedback amplifiers 
Operational amplifiers, characteristics, and circuit configurations 
Instrumentation amplifier 
Precision rectifier 
Vtoi and itov converter 
Opamp based active filters 
Oscillators and signal generators 
Digital electronics 

Combinational logic circuits, minimization of boolean functions 
IC families, TTL, MOS, and CMOS 
Arithmetic circuits 
Comparators, Schmitt trigger, timers, and monostable multivibrator 
Sequential circuits, flipflops, counters, shift registers 
Multiplexer, S/H circuit 
Analog todigital and digital toanalog converters 
Basics of number system 
Microprocessor applications, memory, and inputoutput interfacing 
Microcontrollers 
Signals, systems, and communications 

Periodic and aperiodic signals 
Impulse response, transfer function and frequency response of firstand second order systems 
Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Ztransform, convolution, correlation, and characteristics of linear time invariant systems 
Discrete time system, impulse, and frequency response 
Pulse transfer function 
IIR and FIR filters 
Amplitude and frequency modulation and demodulation 
Sampling theorem, pulse code modulation 
Frequency and time division multiplexing 
Amplitude shift keying, frequency shift keying, and pulse shift keying for digital modulation 
Electrical and electronic measurements 

Bridges and potentiometers, measurement of R, L, and C 
Measurements of voltage, current, power, power factor, and energy 
AC and DC current probes 
Extension of instrument ranges 
Qmeter and waveform analyzer 
Digital voltmeter and multimeter 
Time, phase, and frequency measurements 
Cathode ray oscilloscope 
Serial and parallel communication 
Shielding and grounding 
Control systems and process control 

Feedback principles 
Signal flow graphs 
Transient response, steady stateerrors 
Routh and Nyquist criteria 
Bode plot, root loci 
Time delay systems 
Phase and gain margin 
State space representation of systems 
Mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic system components 
Synchro pair, servo, and step motors 
Onoff, cascade, P, PI, PID, feed forward and derivative controller, fuzzy controllers 
Analytical, optical, and biomedical instrumentation 

Mass spectrometry, UV, visible, and IR spectrometry 
Xray and nuclear radiation measurements 
Optical sources and detectors, LED, laser, photodiode, photoresistor, and their characteristics 
Interferometers, applications in metrology 
Basics of fiber optics 
Biomedical instruments, EEG, ECG, and EMG 
Clinical measurements 
Ultrasonic transducers and Ultrasonography 
Principles of Computer Assisted Tomography 
AP PGECET Mechanical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering mathematics
Linear algebra 

Matrices algebra, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors 
Calculus 

Functions of single variable, limit, continuity, and differentiability, mean value theorems, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, total derivative, maxima and minima, gradient, divergence and curl, vector identities 
Directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss, and Green's theorems 
Differential equations 

First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, initial and boundary value problems, Laplace transforms 
Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations and Laplace equation 
Complex variables 

Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem, Taylor, and Laurent series 
Probability and Statistics 

Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode, and standard deviation, random variables, exponential, Poisson, normal, and binomial distributions 
Numerical methods 

Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations, integration by trapezoidal and Simpson's rule, single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Applied mechanics and design
Engineering mechanics 

Free body diagrams and equilibrium; trusses and frames; virtual work; kinematics and dynamics of particles and rigid bodies in plane motion, including impulse and momentum (linear and angular) and energy formulations; impact 
Strength of materials 

Stress and strain, stressstrain relationship and elastic constants, Mohr's circle for plane stress and plane strain, thin cylinders; shear force and bending moment diagrams; bending and shear stresses; deflection of beams; torsion of circular shafts 
Euler's theory of columns; strain energy methods; thermal stresses 
Theory of machines 

Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms; dynamic analysis of slidercrank mechanism; gear and gear trains; flywheels 
Vibrations 

Free and forced vibration of single degree of freedom systems; effect of damping; vibration isolation; resonance, critical speeds of shafts 
Design 

Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength the SN diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as bolted, riveted and welded joints, shafts, spur gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings 
Machine design 

Brakes and clutches 
Fluid mechanics and thermal sciences
Fluid mechanics 

Fluid properties; fluid statics, manometry, buoyancy; controlvolume analysis of mass, momentum and energy; fluid acceleration; differential equations of continuity and momentum; Bernoulli's equation; viscous flow of incompressible fluids; boundary layer 
Elementary turbulent flow; flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends, etc 
Heattransfer 

Modes of heat transfer; one dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept, electrical analogy, unsteady heat conduction, dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer 
Various correlations for heat transfer in flow over flat plates and through pipes; thermal boundary layer; effect of turbulence; radiative heat transfer, black and grey surfaces, shape factors, network analysis; heat exchanger performance 
LMTD and NTU methods 
Thermodynamics 

Thermodynamics: Thermodynamic systems and processes; properties of pure substances, behavior of ideal and real gases; zeroth and first laws of thermodynamics, calculation of work and heat in various processes; second law of thermodynamics 
Thermodynamics: Zeroth, first, and second laws of thermodynamics; thermodynamic system and processes; Carnot cycle 
Irreversibility and availability; behaviour of ideal and real gases, properties of pure substances, calculation of work and heat in ideal processes; analysis of thermodynamic cycles related to energy conversion 
Applications 

Power engineering: Steam tables, Rankine, Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat 
I.C. Engines: Airstandard Otto, diesel cycles 
Refrigeration and airconditioning: Vapour refrigeration cycle, heat pumps, gas refrigeration, reverse Brayton cycle; moist air: Psychrometric chart, basic psychrometric processes 
Turbomachinery: Pelton wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbinesimpulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams 
Materials, manufacturing, and industrial engineering
Engineering materials 

Structure and properties of engineering materials, heat treatment, stressstrain diagrams for engineering materials 
Metal casting 

Design of patterns, moulds and cores; solidification and cooling; riser and gating design, design considerations 
Forming 

Plastic deformation and yield criteria; fundamentals of hot and cold working processes; load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet (shearing, deep drawing, bending) metal forming processes; principles of powder metallurgy 
Joining 

Physics of welding, brazing, and soldering; adhesive bonding; design considerations in welding 
Machining and machine tool operations 

Mechanics of machining, single and multipoint cutting tools, tool geometry and materials, tool life and wear; economics of machining; principles of nontraditional machining processes; principles of work holding, principles of design of jigs and fixtures 
Metrology and inspection 

Limits, fits, and tolerances; linear and angular measurements; comparators; gauge design; interferometry; form and finish measurement; alignment and testing methods; tolerance analysis in manufacturing and assembly 
Computer integrated manufacturing 

Basic concepts of CAD/ CAM and their integration tools 
Production planning and control 

Forecasting models, aggregate production planning, scheduling, materials requirement planning 
Inventory control 

Deterministic and probabilistic models; safety stock inventory control systems 
Operations research 

Linear programming, simplex method, transportation, assignment, network flow models, simple queuing models, PERT, and CPM 
AP PGECET Metallurgy Syllabus
Engineering mathematics
Linear algebra 

Matrices and determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors 
Calculus 

Limit, continuity, and differentiability; partial derivatives; maxima and minima; sequences and series; test for convergence; Fourier series 
Vector calculus 

Gradient; divergence and curl; line; surface and volume integrals; Stokes, Gauss, and Green's theorems 
Differential equations 

Linear and nonlinear first order odes; higher order linear odes with constant coefficients; Cauchy's and Euler's equations; Laplace transforms; PDEsLaplace, heat, and wave equations 
Probability and Statistics 

Probability and sampling theorem, conditional probability, probability density function, mean, median, mode, and standard deviation; random variables; exponential, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions; correlation and regression analysis 
Numerical methods 

Solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations; integration of trapezoidal and Simpson's rule; single and multistep methods for differential equations 
Metallurgical engineering
Thermodynamics and rate processes 

Laws of thermodynamics, activity, equilibrium constant, applications to metallurgical systems, solutions, phase equilibria, Ellingham and phase stability diagrams, thermodynamics of surfaces, interfaces and defects, adsorption, and segregation 
Basic kinetic laws, order of reactions, rate constants and rate limiting steps; principles of electro chemistrysingle electrode potential, electrochemical cells and polarizations, aqueous corrosion and protection of metals 
Oxidation and high temperature corrosioncharacterization and control; heat transferconduction, convection and heat transfer coefficient relations, radiation, mass transferdiffusion and Fick's laws, mass transfer coefficients 
Momentum transferconcepts of viscosity, shell balances, Bernoulli's equation, friction factors 
Extractive metallurgy 

Minerals of economic importance, comminution techniques, size classification, flotation, gravity, and other methods of mineral processing; agglomeration, pyrohydro and electrometallurgical processes; material and energy balances 
Principles and processes for the extraction of nonferrous metalsaluminium, copper, zinc, lead, magnesium, nickel, titanium, and other rare metals; iron and steel makingprinciples, role structure and properties of slags, metallurgical coke 