The branch of engineering which deals with the exploration, recovery, refining, development and processing of crude oils to obtain various petroleum products is known as Petroleum Engineering. Petroleum engineers explore new reservoirs worldwide and conduct research activities for inventing new technologies and methods to reduce mining expenditure and to increase productivity. Petroleum refers to crude oil and petroleum engineering is the set of activities related to the production and processing of various products such as gasoline, diesel, heating oil from crude oil. Petroleum engineers work with geologists to understand the geologic formation and properties of the rock containing the oil reservoir, determine the drilling methods to be used and monitor drilling and production operations. They design equipment and processes to achieve the maximum profitable recovery of oil and gas. Petroleum engineers rely heavily on computer models to simulate reservoir performance using different recovery techniques.  Petroleum engineering requires a good knowledge of many other related disciplines, such as geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, completions and oil and gas facilities engineering.


Petroleum engineers travel deserts, mountains and cold regions of the world in order to find unexplored sources of oil. Petroleum engineers have global career and are hired by oil companies globally.



The curriculum includes subjects such as geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, completions and oil and gas facilities engineering.



Candidates who wish to pursue Petroleum Engineering should have passed Higher Secondary Board Exam from a recognized board in India with aggregate 50 per cent marks in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.


Personal skills required for pursuing Petroleum Engineering:

  • Creativity

  • Analytical skills

  • Problem solving skills

  • Conceptualization skills

  • Strong oral and written communication skills

Core Subjects:

  • Environmental Studies

  • Material & Energy Flow Computation

  • Applied Geology

  • Mechanics of Solids

  • Introduction to Petroleum Operations

  • Fluid Mechanics

  • Basic Electrical Engineering

  • Basic Electronics Engineering

  • Drilling Engineering & Well Completion

  • Surveying

  • Production Engineering

  • Reservoir Engineering

  • Heat Transfer Processes

  • Natural Gas Engineering

  • Chemical thermodynamics

  • Applied Numerical Methods

  • Well Log Analysis and Well Testing

  • Industrial Management

  • Material Science

Higher Education:

Candidates who wish to pursue studies after their graduation have some really good options. Renowned institutes like IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, ISM Dhanbad, Aligarh Muslim University, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies offer postgraduate courses after BE/B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering.


Job prospects:

Expanding demand for petroleum products and diversified role of these engineers require a good number of trained petroleum engineers. Career prospects are quite attractive in this sector as petroleum companies offer attractive salaries to Petroleum Engineers. Companies like Indian Oil, Oil India Limited, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL), Bharat Petroleum (BP) and Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) hire these engineers for oil exploration and related works.


Job Profile:

  • Petroleum geologists

  • Reservoir engineers

  • Drilling engineers

  • Completions engineers

  • Supervisor

  • Processor

  • Petroleum refining

  • Technical service

Top Institutes:


Name of the Institutes


Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay


Indian Institute of Technology, Madras


ISM Dhanbad


University of Petroleum and Energy Studies


Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology


Pandit Deendayal Petroleum  University


Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh


Dibrugarh University


Rajasthan Technical University


Maharashtra Institute of Technology,Pune

Top Recruiters:

  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL)
  • Hindustan Oil Exploration Company Ltd (HOEC)
  • Essar Oil
  • Gujarat Gas Co Ltd (GGCL)
  • GAIL (India) Ltd
  • Petronet LNG Ltd
  • Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
  • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)

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