The branch of engineering which deals with the exploration, recovery, refining, development and processing of crude oils to obtain various petroleum products is known as Petroleum Engineering. Petroleum engineers explore new reservoirs worldwide and conduct research activities for inventing new technologies and methods to reduce mining expenditure and to increase productivity. Petroleum refers to crude oil and petroleum engineering is the set of activities related to the production and processing of various products such as gasoline, diesel, heating oil from crude oil. Petroleum engineers work with geologists to understand the geologic formation and properties of the rock containing the oil reservoir, determine the drilling methods to be used and monitor drilling and production operations. They design equipment and processes to achieve the maximum profitable recovery of oil and gas. Petroleum engineers rely heavily on computer models to simulate reservoir performance using different recovery techniques. Petroleum engineering requires a good knowledge of many other related disciplines, such as geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, completions and oil and gas facilities engineering.
Petroleum engineers travel deserts, mountains and cold regions of the world in order to find unexplored sources of oil. Petroleum engineers have global career and are hired by oil companies globally.
The curriculum includes subjects such as geophysics, petroleum geology, formation evaluation (well logging), drilling, economics, reservoir simulation, reservoir engineering, well engineering, artificial lift systems, completions and oil and gas facilities engineering.
Candidates who wish to pursue Petroleum Engineering should have passed Higher Secondary Board Exam from a recognized board in India with aggregate 50 per cent marks in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.
Personal skills required for pursuing Petroleum Engineering:
Problem solving skills
Strong oral and written communication skills
Material & Energy Flow Computation
Mechanics of Solids
Introduction to Petroleum Operations
Basic Electrical Engineering
Basic Electronics Engineering
Drilling Engineering & Well Completion
Heat Transfer Processes
Natural Gas Engineering
Applied Numerical Methods
Well Log Analysis and Well Testing
Candidates who wish to pursue studies after their graduation have some really good options. Renowned institutes like IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, ISM Dhanbad, Aligarh Muslim University, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies offer postgraduate courses after BE/B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering.
Expanding demand for petroleum products and diversified role of these engineers require a good number of trained petroleum engineers. Career prospects are quite attractive in this sector as petroleum companies offer attractive salaries to Petroleum Engineers. Companies like Indian Oil, Oil India Limited, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL), Bharat Petroleum (BP) and Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) hire these engineers for oil exploration and related works.
Name of the Institutes
- Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL)
- Hindustan Oil Exploration Company Ltd (HOEC)
- Essar Oil
- Gujarat Gas Co Ltd (GGCL)
- GAIL (India) Ltd
- Petronet LNG Ltd
- Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
- Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)
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