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    JEE Main 2024 Paper 1 Syllabus - Detailed PDFs for Maths, Physics, Chemistry

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    JEE Main 2024 Paper 1 Syllabus - Detailed PDFs for Maths, Physics, Chemistry

    Edited By Isha Jain | Updated on Sep 19, 2023 02:12 PM IST | #JEE Main

    JEE Main Paper 1 Syllabus 2024 - NTA will release the JEE Main 2024 paper 1 syllabus online on the official website, Candidates will be able to check the syllabus of JEE Main paper 1 online after the official release. JEE Main paper 1 syllabus pdf comprises topics from Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics of class 11 and class 12. Along with the syllabus, candidates need to check the JEE Main exam pattern. The syllabus of JEE Main paper 1 comprises topics that are important to prepare for the exam. The detailed JEE Main 2024 syllabus with weightage pdf will be available on this page. The authority will commence the JEE Main exam in online mode.

    JEE Main 2024 Paper 1 Syllabus - Detailed PDFs for Maths, Physics, Chemistry
    JEE Main 2024 Paper 1 Syllabus - Detailed PDFs for Maths, Physics, Chemistry

    As the JEE Mains 2024 exam will be conducted in multiple sessions, knowing the syllabus covered is crucial for students who are preparing hard to ace the exam. Candidates can check here the complete JEE Main syllabus for paper 1 by NTA for mathematics, chemistry, and physics which is important before kick-starting the preparation for the JEE Main 2024. Moreover, the syllabus helps the candidates to know the most important topics for the exam. For more details about JEE Main exam syllabus 2024 of paper 1, candidates can refer to the article given below.

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    JEE Main 2024 Paper 1 Syllabus- Mathematics

    Those students who are good at Maths are mostly the ones who opt for non-medical streams and wish to pursue engineering in further studies. The Mathematics syllabus 2024 of JEE Main paper 1 is contained in the table below to be referred by the aspirants.

    Mathematics syllabus for JEE Main Paper 1 2024


    JEE Main Topics

    Sets, Relations, and Functions

    Sets and their representation; Union, intersection, and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; relation, types of relations, equivalence relations, functions; one-one, into and onto functions, the composition of functions.

    Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations

    Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions.
    Relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

    Matrices and Determinants

    Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants, and matrices of order two and three.
    Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants.
    Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, the test of consistency, and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.

    Permutations And Combinations

    The fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, the meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.

    Mathematical Induction

    Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.

    Binomial Theorem and its Simple Applications

    Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of binomial coefficients, and simple applications.

    Sequences and Series

    Arithmetic and geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers.
    Relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum up to n terms of special series: S n, S n2, Sn3.
    Arithmetico-Geometric progression.

    Limit, Continuity and Differentiability

    Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions.
    Graphs of simple functions.
    Limits, continuity and differentiability, differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions.
    Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two.
    Rolle's and Lagrange's Mean Value Theorems, applications of derivatives: rate of change of quantities, monotonic - increasing and decreasing functions, maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents, and normals.

    Integral Calculus

    Integral as an anti-derivative. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Integration by substitution, by parts, and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities.

    Integral as the limit of a sum. fundamental theorem of calculus. Properties of definite integrals. evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.

    Differential Equations

    Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree.
    Formation of differential equations, solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, and solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations.

    Co-ordinate Geometry

    Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates 10 in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus, and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.

    Straight lines: Various forms of equations of a line, the intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, a distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, the orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.

    Circles, conic sections: Standard form of the equation of a circle, the general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the center at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

    Three Dimensional Geometry

    Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines, skew lines, the shortest distance between them, and its equation.
    Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.

    Vector Algebra

    Vectors and scalars, the addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three dimensional space, scalar and vector triple product, scalar and vector products.

    Statistics and Probability

    Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.

    Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, baye's theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.


    Trigonometrical identities and equations.

    Trigonometrical functions, inverse trigonometric functions and their properties. Heights and Distances

    Mathematical Reasoning

    Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if, understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contrapositive.

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    JEE Main Paper 1 Syllabus 2024 - Chemistry

    Chemistry is one such subject that students usually find better to prepare for examinations because even if it is not understood, it can be crammed. The JEE Main 2024 syllabus of Chemistry is divided into three sections for physical, inorganic, and organic chemistry, and has been provided in the table below.

    JEE Main 2024 Paper 1 Syllabus for Chemistry



    Section A – Physical Chemistry

    Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry

    Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory; the concept of the atom, molecule, element, and compound; physical quantities and their measurements in chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. units, dimensional analysis; laws of chemical combination; atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae; chemical equations and stoichiometry.

    States of Matter

    Classification of matter into solid, liquid, and gaseous states.

    Gaseous State: measurable properties of gases; gas laws - Boyle's law, Charle's law, Graham's law of diffusion, Avogadro's law, Dalton's law of partial pressure; the concept of Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation; kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); the concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; real gases, deviation from ideal behavior, compressibility factor and van der waals equation.

    Liquid State: properties of liquids - vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).

    Solid State: classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg's law and its applications; unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fee, bec and hep lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; electrical and magnetic properties.

    Atomic Structure

    Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; dual nature of matter, de-Broglie's relationship, heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features, concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; variation of t|/ and \|/2 with r for Is and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p and d - orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; rules for filling electrons in orbitals - aufbau principle, Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

    Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

    Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds.

    Ionic Bonding: formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.

    Covalent Bonding: concept of electronegativity, Fajan's rule, dipole moment; valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.

    Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: valence bond theory - its important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals; resonance.

    Molecular Orbital Theory - Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy, elementary idea of metallic bonding, hydrogen bonding and its applications.

    Chemical Thermodynamics

    Fundamentals of thermodynamics: system and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.

    First law of thermodynamics - concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess's law of constant heat summation; enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution.

    Second law of thermodynamics: spontaneity of processes; AS of the universe and AG of the system as criteria for spontaneity, AG" (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.


    Different methods for expressing concentration of solution - molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult's Law - Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure - composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions; colligative properties of dilute solutions - relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; abnormal value of molar mass, van't hoff factor and its significance.


    Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium, equilibria involving physical processes: solid -liquid, liquid - gas and solid - gas equilibria, Henry's law, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.

    Equilibria involving chemical processes: law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of AG and AG" in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier's principle.

    Ionic equilibrium: weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, bronsted - Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid - base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

    Redox Reactions and Electro-chemistry

    Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.

    Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: kohlrausch's law and its applications.

    Electrochemical cells - electrolytic and galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half - cell and cell reactions, emf of a galvanic cell and its measurement; nernst equation and its applications; relationship between cell potential and Gibbs' energy change; dry cell and lead accumulator; fuel cells.

    Chemical Kinetics

    Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half -lives, effect of temperature on rate of reactions -Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

    Surface Chemistry

    Adsorption- physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids - Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.

    Catalysis - homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.

    Colloidal state- distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids -lyophilic, lyophobic; multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids - tyndall effect, brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; emulsions and their characteristics.

    Section B – Inorganic Chemistry

    Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

    Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.

    General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals

    Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; steps involved in the extraction of metals -concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe; thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.


    Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water; structure, preparation, reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide; classification of hydrides - ionic, covalent and interstitial; hydrogen as a fuel.

    S - Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

    Group -1 and 2 Elements

    General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.

    Preparation and properties of some important compounds - sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate; Industrial uses of lime, limestone, plaster of paris and cement; biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

    P- Block Elements

    Group -13 to Group 18 elements

    General Introduction: electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.

    Groupwise study of the p - block elements Group -13

    Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminium; structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride and alums.

    Group -14

    Tendency for catenation; structure, properties and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones.

    Group -15

    Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; allotropic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PC13, PCI,); structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.

    Group -16

    Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone; allotropic forms of sulphur; preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); structures of oxoacids of sulphur.

    Group -17

    Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid; trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; structures of interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens.


    Occurrence and uses of noble gases; structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.

    d - and f - Block Elements

    Transition Elements

    General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first row transition elements -physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; preparation, properties and uses of K2 Cr, O7 and KmnO4.

    Inner Transition Elements

    Lanthanoids - electronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction.

    Actinoids - electronic configuration and oxidation states.

    Co-ordination Compounds

    Introduction to co-ordination compounds, Werner's theory; ligands, co-ordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co­ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

    Environmental Chemistry

    Environmental pollution - atmospheric, water and soil.

    Atmospheric pollution - tropospheric and stratospheric

    Tropospheric pollutants - Gaseous pollutants: oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; green house effect and global warming; acid rain;

    particulate pollutants: smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects and prevention.

    Stratospheric pollution- formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer - its mechanism and effects.

    Water pollution -major pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.

    Soil pollution - major pollutants such as: pesticides (insecticides,, herbicides and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention.

    strategies to control environmental pollution.

    Section C – Organic Chemistry

    Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds

    Purification - crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography - principles and their applications.

    Qualitative analysis - detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.

    Quantitative analysis (basic principles only)- estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus, calculations of empirical formula and molecular formula; numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

    Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

    Tetravalency of carbon; shapes of simple molecules -hybridization (s and p); classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; homologous series; Isomerism - structural and stereoisomerism.

    Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)

    Covalent bond fission - homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.

    Electronic displacement in a covalent bond - inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.

    Common types of organic reactions- substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.


    Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.

    Alkanes - Conformations: sawhorse and newman projections of ethane; mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.

    Alkenes - geometrical isomerism; mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff s and peroxide effect); ozonolysis and polymerization.

    Alkynes - acidic character; addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; polymerization.

    Aromatic hydrocarbons - nomenclature, benzene -structure and aromaticity; mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel - Craft's alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene.

    Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

    General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; nature of C-X bond; mechanisms of substitution reactions. Uses, environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons and DDT.

    Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

    General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

    Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

    Alcohols: identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.

    Phenols: acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reitner - Tiemann reaction.

    Ethers: structure.

    Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; nucleophilic addition to >C=0 group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as - nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH, and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of a-hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction;

    Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids. Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

    Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

    General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

    Amines: nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.

    Diazonium Salts: importance in synthetic organic chemistry.


    General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization-addition and condensation, copolymerization;

    Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization; some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses - polythene, nylon, polyester and bakelite.


    General introduction and importance of biomolecules.

    Carbohydrates - classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose and maltose).

    Proteins - elementary Idea of a-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

    Vitamins - classification and functions.

    Nucleic Acids - chemical constitution of DNA and RNA.

    Biological functions of nucleic acids.

    Chemistry In Everyday Life

    Chemicals in medicines - analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamine - their meaning and common examples.

    Chemicals in food - preservatives, artificial sweetening agents - common examples.

    Cleansing agents - soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

    Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

    Detection of extra elements (N,S, halogens) in organic compounds; detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.

    • Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:

    Inorganic compounds: Mohr's salt, potash alum. Organic compounds: acetanilide, p nitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.

    •Chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises -Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO,, Mohr's salt vs KMnO,.

    •Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis:

    Cations - Pb2+, Cu!+, Af,+, Fe1+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+,

    Mg2+, nh;.

    Anions- CO,", S2~, SO4", NO", NO~2, Cf, Br", I" . (Insoluble salts excluded).

    •Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:

    1. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4

    2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.

    3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.

    4. Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

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    JEE Main Paper 1 Syllabus 2024 - Physics

    The JEE Main 2024 paper 1 syllabus for Physics is divided into two sections wherein the first one is more of theoretical understanding while the other one is based on practical components. The table below contains all the topics of Physics included in JEE Main syllabus paper 1 2024:

    Physics syllabus for JEE Main 2024 Paper 1



    Section A

    Physics and Measurement

    Physics, technology and society, SI units, fundamental and derived units.

    Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications,


    Frame of reference.

    Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity, uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and vectors, vector addition and subtraction, zero vector, scalar and vector products, unit vector, resolution of a vector. Relative velocity, motion in a plane, projectile motion, uniform circular motion.

    Laws of Motion

    Force and Inertia, newton's first law of motion; momentum, newton's Second Law of motion; impulse; newton's third law of motion.
    Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, equilibrium of concurrent forces.

    Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications

    Work, Energy and Power

    Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power.

    Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and non-conservative forces; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

    Rotational Motion

    Centre of mass of a two-particle system, centre of mass of a rigid body; basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications, rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.


    The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth, kepler's laws of planetary motion, gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, geo-stationary satellites.

    Properties of Solids and Liquids

    Elastic behaviour, stress-strain relationship, hooke's law, Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity.

    Pressure due to a fluid column; pascal's law and its applications, viscosity, stokes' law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, reynolds number.

    Bernoulli's principle and its applications: surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

    Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat, heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, newton's law of cooling.


    Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature, heat, work and internal energy.

    First law of thermodynamics, second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes, carnot engine and its efficiency.

    Kinetic Theory of Gases

    Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.

    Kinetic theory of gases-assumptions, concept of pressure, kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy,applications to specific heat capacities of gases; mean free path, avogadro's number.

    Oscillations and Waves

    Periodic motion - period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. - kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance.

    Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave.

    Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, beats, doppler effect in sound


    Electric charges: conservation of charge, coulomb's law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

    Electric field: electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

    Electric flux: gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.

    Conductors and insulators, dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.

    Current Electricity

    Electric current, drift velocity, ohm's law, electrical resistance, resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of ohmic and non-ohmic conductors, electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, colour code for resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.

    Electric Cell and its internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoff's laws and their applications, wheatstone bridge, metre bridge, potentiometer - principle and its applications.

    Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

    Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop, ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic and electric fields, cyclotron.

    Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

    Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines of earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements. para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances, magnetic susceptibility and permeability, hysteresis, electromagnets and permanent magnets.

    Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

    Electromagnetic induction; faraday's law, induced emf and current; lenz's law, Eddy currents, self and mutual inductance, alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

    Electromagnetic Waves

    Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.

    Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays), applications of e.m. waves.


    Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, total internal reflection and its applications, deviation and dispersion of light by a prism, lens formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, microscope and astronomical telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

    Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens' principle, laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle, interference, Young's double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum, resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster's law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

    Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

    Dual nature of radiation, photoelectric effect, hertz and lenard's observations; einstein's photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.

    Atoms and Nuclei

    Alpha-particle scattering experiment; rutherford's model of atom; bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law, mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

    Electronic Devices

    Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; 1-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator, junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR), transistor as a switch.

    Communication Systems

    Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; sky and space wave propagation, need for modulation, amplitude and frequency modulation, bandwidth of signals, bandwidth of transmission medium, basic elements of a communication system (block diagram only).

    Section B

    Experimental Skills

    Familiarity with basic approach and observations of experiments and activities:

    • Vernier callipers-its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

    • Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/ diameter of thin sheet/wire.

    • Simple Pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.

    • Metre Scale-mass of a given object by principle of moments.

    • Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.

    • Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.

    • Coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.

    • Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.

    • Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.

    • Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

    • Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.

    • Resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law.

    • Potentiometer-

    • Comparison of emf of two primary cells.

    • Determination of internal resistance of a cell.

    • Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method,

    • Focal length of the following using parallax method:

    • Convex mirror

    • Concave mirror, and

    • Convex lens

    • Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.

    • Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.

    • Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

    • Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage.

    • Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.

    • Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, and Capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.

    • Using a multimeter to:

    • Identify the base of a transistor

    • Distinguish between npn and pnp type transistor

    • See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED.

    • Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).

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    Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

    1. Is NCERT enough for JEE Mains?

    NCERT books cover the entire syllabus and are best material to prepare for the JEE Main. Students can however refer additional books as per their wish.

    2. What are the subjects of JEE?

    JEE Main has two papers, Paper 1 and Paper 2. Paper 1 has Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry. JEE Main Paper 2 (B.Arch) has Mathematics, General Aptitude and Drawing and Paper 2 (B.Plan) has Mathematics, General Aptitude and Planning. 

    3. Do class 11 and 12 syllabus covers the entire topics of JEE Main?

    Yes! JEE Main syllabus is similar to the standard syllabus of Class 11 and 12.

    4. Where can I get the official syllabus of JEE Main?

    NTA will release the official syllabus of JEE Main for paper 1 and 2 in its website. Students can check and download the JEE Main 2024 syllabus to prepare for the exam.  

    5. Where can I find the official JEE Main paper 1 syllabus?

    The JEE Main syllabus 2024 will be released by the authorities on the official website.

    6. Will the syllabus also contain weightage of topics in JEE Main 2024 paper 1 syllabus?

    No, the official JEE Main syllabus does not contain the weightage. However, topic wise weightage can be calculated based on previous trends.


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    Questions related to JEE Main

    Have a question related to JEE Main ?

    Hello aspirant,

    Yes, a GAP certificate is required.

    If you dropped, you must do it.

    The gap year affidavit with grounds for the gap must be written, after which you must obtain a Stamp Paper, sign the affidavit in front of a Notary Public, and then have it notarized.You will receive your Gap certificate in this manne r.

    thank you

    hope this information helps you.

    Hello Aspirant,

    The jee mains / advanced eligibility criteria are as follows -

    • Candidates should pass from any recognised board or University in their class 12th.
    • Candidates should opt for physics chemistry and mathematics as mandatory subjects in their class 12th.
    • Candidates should secure a minimum of 75 percentage in their class 12th.

    Hello aspirant,

    The IIT Madras JEE Advanced 2023 cutoff has been published online on the official website by JoSAA. Candidates can check the JEE Advanced 2023 IIT Madras Cutoff at The JEE Advanced 2023 cutoff for IIT Madras is announced by JoSAA following each round of counseling. The minimal score needed for admission in JEE Advanced 2023 is the IIT Madras cutoff mark. Candidates would have a good probability of admission to the desired institutions and programs if their marks are higher than the JEE Advanced 2023 IIT Madras cutoff. The JEE Advanced cutoff for IIT Madras is additionally updated on this website.

    To get the cutoff list, please visit the following link:

    Thank you

    Hope it helps you

    Hello Aspirant,

    The eligibility criteria of jee mains are as follows -

    • Candidates should pass from any recognised board or University in their class 12th.
    • Candidates should opt for physics chemistry and mathematics as mandatory subjects in their class 12th.
    • Candidates should secure a minimum of 75 percentage in their class 12th.

    You need to reappear for 12th boards to become eligible for jee mains and there will two more attempts left leaving the year in which you have passed your 12th.

    Hello Rajeshwar,

    The jee mains eligibility criteria is as follows -

    • Candidates should pass from any recognised board or University in their class 12th.
    • Candidates should opt for physics chemistry and mathematics as mandatory subjects.
    • Candidates should secure a minimum of 75 percentage.

    You can give jee mains in the year 2024 . This will be your last attempt.

    View All

     5 g of Na2SO4 was dissolved in x g of H2O. The change in freezing point was found to be 3.820C.  If Na2SO4 is 81.5% ionised, the value of x (Kf for water=1.860C kg mol−1) is approximately : (molar mass of S=32 g mol−1 and that of Na=23 g mol−1)
    Option: 1  15 g
    Option: 2  25 g
    Option: 3  45 g
    Option: 4  65 g  

     50 mL of 0.2 M ammonia solution is treated with 25 mL of 0.2 M HCl.  If pKb of ammonia solution is 4.75, the pH of the mixture will be :
    Option: 1 3.75
    Option: 2 4.75
    Option: 3 8.25
    Option: 4 9.25


    What is A?

    Option: 1


    Option: 2


    Option: 3


    Option: 4


    \mathrm{NaNO_{3}} when heated gives a white solid A and two gases B and C. B and C are two important atmospheric gases. What is A, B and C ?

    Option: 1

    \mathrm{A}: \mathrm{NaNO}_2 \mathrm{~B}: \mathrm{O}_2 \mathrm{C}: \mathrm{N}_2

    Option: 2

    A: \mathrm{Na}_2 \mathrm{OB}: \mathrm{O}_2 \mathrm{C}: \mathrm{N}_2

    Option: 3

    A: \mathrm{NaNO}_2 \mathrm{~B}: \mathrm{O}_2 \mathrm{C}: \mathrm{Cl}_2

    Option: 4

    \mathrm{A}: \mathrm{Na}_2 \mathrm{OB}: \mathrm{O}_2 \mathrm{C}: \mathrm{Cl}_2

    C_1+2 C_2+3 C_3+\ldots .n C_n=

    Option: 1


    Option: 2

    \text { n. } 2^n

    Option: 3

    \text { n. } 2^{n-1}

    Option: 4

    n \cdot 2^{n+1}


    A capacitor is made of two square plates each of side 'a' making a very small angle \alpha between them, as shown in the figure. The capacitance will be close to : 
    Option: 1 \frac{\epsilon _{0}a^{2}}{d}\left ( 1 - \frac{\alpha a }{4 d } \right )

    Option: 2 \frac{\epsilon _{0}a^{2}}{d}\left ( 1 + \frac{\alpha a }{4 d } \right )

    Option: 3 \frac{\epsilon _{0}a^{2}}{d}\left ( 1 - \frac{\alpha a }{2 d } \right )

    Option: 4 \frac{\epsilon _{0}a^{2}}{d}\left ( 1 - \frac{3 \alpha a }{2 d } \right )

     Among the following compounds, the increasing order of their basic strength is
    Option: 1  (I) < (II) < (IV) < (III)
    Option: 2  (I) < (II) < (III) < (IV)
    Option: 3  (II) < (I) < (IV) < (III)
    Option: 4  (II) < (I) < (III) < (IV)

     An ideal gas undergoes a quasi static, reversible process in which its molar heat capacity C remains constant.  If during  this process the relation of pressure P and volume V is given by PVn=constant,  then n is given by (Here CP and CV are molar specific heat at constant pressure and constant volume, respectively)
    Option: 1  n=\frac{C_{p}}{C_{v}}

    Option: 2  n=\frac{C-C_{p}}{C-C_{v}}

    Option: 3 n=\frac{C_{p}-C}{C-C_{v}}

    Option: 4  n=\frac{C-C_{v}}{C-C_{p}}

    As shown in the figure, a battery of emf \epsilon is connected to an inductor L and resistance R in series. The switch is closed at t = 0. The total charge that flows from the battery, between t = 0 and t = tc (tc is the time constant of the circuit ) is : 

    Option: 1 \frac{\epsilon L }{R^{2}} \left ( 1 - \frac{1}{e} \right )
    Option: 2 \frac{\epsilon L }{R^{2}}

    Option: 3 \frac{\epsilon R }{eL^{2}}

    Option: 4 \frac{\epsilon L }{eR^{2}}

    As shown in the figure, a particle of mass 10 kg is placed at a point A. When the particle is slightly displaced to its right, it starts moving and reaches the point B. The speed  of the particle at B is x m/s. (Take g = 10 m/s2 ) The value of 'x' to the nearest is ___________.
    Option: 1 10
    Option: 2 20
    Option: 3 40
    Option: 4 15

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    A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

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    A career as a gemologist is as magnificent and sparkling as gemstones. A gemologist is a professional who has knowledge and understanding of gemology and he or she applies the same knowledge in his everyday work responsibilities. He or she grades gemstones using various equipment and determines its worth. His or her other work responsibilities involve settling gemstones in jewellery, polishing and examining it. 

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    Product Manager

    A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

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    Production Manager

    Production Manager Job Description: A Production Manager is responsible for ensuring smooth running of manufacturing processes in an efficient manner. He or she plans and organises production schedules. The role of Production Manager involves estimation, negotiation on budget and timescales with the clients and managers. 

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    Corporate Executive

    Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

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    QA Lead

    A QA Lead is incharge of the QA Team. The role of QA Lead comes with the responsibility of assessing services and products in order to determine that they meet the quality standards. He or she develops, implements and manages test plans. 

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    Team Lead

    A Team Leader is a professional responsible for guiding, monitoring and leading the entire group. He or she is responsible for motivating team members by providing a pleasant work environment to them and inspiring positive communication. A Team Leader contributes to the achievement of the organisation’s goals. He or she improves the confidence, product knowledge and communication skills of the team members and empowers them.

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    A career as a merchandiser requires one to promote specific products and services of one or different brands, to increase the in-house sales of the store. Merchandising job focuses on enticing the customers to enter the store and hence increasing their chances of buying a product. Although the buyer is the one who selects the lines, it all depends on the merchandiser on how much money a buyer will spend, how many lines will be purchased, and what will be the quantity of those lines. In a career as merchandiser, one is required to closely work with the display staff in order to decide in what way a product would be displayed so that sales can be maximised. In small brands or local retail stores, a merchandiser is responsible for both merchandising and buying. 

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    Quality Systems Manager

    A Quality Systems Manager is a professional responsible for developing strategies, processes, policies, standards and systems concerning the company as well as operations of its supply chain. It includes auditing to ensure compliance. It could also be carried out by a third party. 

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    ITSM Manager

    ITSM Manager is a professional responsible for heading the ITSM (Information Technology Service Management) or (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) processes. He or she ensures that operation management provides appropriate resource levels for problem resolutions. The ITSM Manager oversees the level of prioritisation for the problems, critical incidents, planned as well as proactive tasks. 

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    Computer Programmer

    Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

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    Product Manager

    A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

    3 Jobs Available
    IT Consultant

    An IT Consultant is a professional who is also known as a technology consultant. He or she is required to provide consultation to industrial and commercial clients to resolve business and IT problems and acquire optimum growth. An IT consultant can find work by signing up with an IT consultancy firm, or they can work on their own as independent contractors and select the projects they want to work on.

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    Data Architect

    A Data Architect role involves formulating the organisational data strategy. It involves data quality, flow of data within the organisation and security of data. The vision of Data Architect provides support to convert business requirements into technical requirements. 

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    AI Data Analyst

    An AI Data Analyst is responsible for procuring, preparing, cleansing and modelling data utilising machine learning models and new analytical methods. He or she designs and creates data reports in order to provide support to stakeholders to make better decisions. 

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    Automation Test Engineer

    An Automation Test Engineer job involves executing automated test scripts. He or she identifies the project’s problems and troubleshoots them. The role involves documenting the defect using management tools. He or she works with the application team in order to resolve any issues arising during the testing process. 

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    UX Architect

    A UX Architect is someone who influences the design processes and its outcomes. He or she possesses a solid understanding of user research, information architecture, interaction design and content strategy. 


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