Information Technology plays a vital role in our modern day lifestyles. It has touched each and every aspect of human life. With the emergence of computers, we are witnessing a sea change in the business world. Starting from multi-national corporations to small businesses, IT plays a stupendous role. In the field of Communication, Inventory Management, Data Management, Management Information Systems and Customer Relationship Management, IT plays a pivotal role. IT has also opened up various concepts like online shopping, digital marketing, social networking, digital communication, cloud computing, Mobile, and big data for solving many social and business problems. In addition, for making long-term business successful, IT has developed many tools and software applications.
Information Technology is an engineering division, which concentrates on the study of utilizing computers and telecommunications in order to control, gather, store and circulate information. Both software and hardware sectors are parts of Information Technology.
The curriculum for Information Technology Engineering is primarily designed to provide students with both the theoretical knowledge and technical skills. It also enables the aspirants to solve various complex problems. The curriculum also intends to improve a technological depth of knowledge and skills in analysis, design, implementation, and use of both information technology core skills and specialization skills. The students are also taught various fundamental concepts including information security, web systems, computer networking and software engineering.
Candidates interested in pursuing a career in Information Technology have two options after class 12th, undergraduate programme of four years’ duration (BE/B.Tech) and dual degree programme of five years’ duration.
To become eligible for admission to B.Tech/BE in IT Engineering courses in IITs, NITs and IIITs, candidates should have passed Higher Secondary Board Exam from a recognized board in India with aggregate 50 per cent marks in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Thereafter, the eligible candidates need to qualify JEE (Main), and subsequently JEE Advanced, for admissions to IITs. Regional institutes have their respective State-level examinations for admitting students to B.Tech/BE courses in Information Technology.
Personal skills required for pursuing Engineering in IT
Excellent communication skills
Computer architecture and organization
Foundations of Computer Systems
Java Programming and Website Design
Design and Analysis of Algorithms
Database Management Systems
E-Commerce & ERP
Object Oriented Programming
Data Warehousing and Data Mining
After completion of B.Tech/BE, one can also opt for M.Tech/MS in various specializations. For M.Tech/MS degree courses, candidates are selected on the basis of GATE score. However, candidates with exceptional performance in their qualifying degree may be offered direct admission in some institutes. Many engineering colleges also offer M.Tech/MS programme in Information Technology with different specializations. PhD programmes are another option. The IITs and NITs are among the top premier institutes that offer M.Tech courses in Information Technology.
The IT sector is one of the most significant sectors today. In recent times, no business is aloof from the influence of IT. Computer engineers play a vital role in this sector. They design, develop, research and test software and digital hardware, digital devices and interfaces. So, various organizations are becoming more oriented to recruit IT engineers with a view to operate computer systems, software, servers, computer networking or network security.
IT industry has played a key role in building India’s economy. It is also growing rapidly. It has been regarded as the hub of innovators, producing world-class technology solutions. Various international organizations have been setting up their offices in India. Since the economic reforms in 1991-1992, Indian government has been taking many initiatives, including liberalization of external trade, removing duties on imports of IT products, setting up export oriented units, setting up of software technical parks to accelerate the sector.
According to the Economic Survey 2014-15, IT and ITeS sector including Business Process Management (BPM), continues to be one of the largest employers in the country, directly employing nearly 35 lakh people.
If you have a successful IT degree in your hand, you will get job opportunities with renowned companies in India like Tata Consultancy Services, Igate Global Solutions Ltd, Infosys Technologies Ltd, Wipro, NIIT Ltd, Tata Infotech Ltd, Satyam Computer Services Ltd and many others.
Job opportunities in IT sector are enormous. If you are really interested in joining the sector, please stay tuned for current IT trends that ultimately help you to succeed in your career.
Quality Assurance Specialist
Bengal Engineering and Science University