Genetic Engineering, also known as genetic modification, is the process through which an organism’s genome is manipulated through biotechnology. In this process new DNA is inserted in the host genome by first isolating and copying the genetic material of interest using molecular cloning methods to generate a DNA sequence, or by synthesizing the DNA, and then inserting this construct into the host organism. Genetic engineering techniques have been applied in numerous fields including research, agriculture, industrial biotechnology, and medicine. Genetic Engineering studies the method in which traits and characteristics of an organism are transmitted through generations and the reasons which cause genetic disorders. The Genetic Engineering graduates get the opportunity to work in medical and pharmaceutical industries, agriculture industries, research and development to name a few.
Core Subjects – Some of the core subjects of Genetic Engineering are as follows:
Macromolecular Structure and Analysis
Biophysics & Instrumentation
Cell Structure & Dynamics
Microcopy & Instrumentation
Organic Mechanisms in Biology
Principles of Transmission Genetics
Principles of Microbiology
Principles of Immunology
Population & Evolutionary Genetics
Further Education – After completing the B. Tech or B. Sc in Genetic Engineering, you can go for higher studies by opting for M. Tech or M.Sc. This field also has quite a lot of scope for research.
Job profiles – After completing Genetic Engineering program, you can work in the field of medical, pharmaceutical, agriculture, government and private organizations for research and development.
Top recruiters – Some of the top recruiters are as follows:
The Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology, Delhi
The National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi
Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre, Chandigarh
The Centre for DNA Fingerprint and Diagnostics, Hyderabad