If you want to turn into a fashion professional and explore the frontiers of technology that drives fashion industry, a B.Tech in Fashion Technology is the right course for you. Being a pakka engineering course, technology is introduced by way of basic of textiles. Read the article below to know more about the specialised B.Tech course.The first thing that the word ‘Fashion’ brings to our minds is the elegant and classy clothing worn by models on the ramp. Nobody gives a thought to the powerful tech tools that supplement and shape the creative ideas of fashion designers and technologists. Behind all the glitz and glamour on the ramp, it’s technology that silently fashions the way the industry functions today. It’s a Bachelor’s in Fashion Technology that connects the dots between fashion and technology. “There is a disconnect between the textile industry, design industry and fashion marketing and a fashion course in B.Tech bridges this gap. They have a lot of sections where you can play and explore upon. There isn’t any course across the globe that plays such a bridging role,” says Siddhartha Upadhyaya, a fashion designer and technologist who did B.F.Tech from NIFT-Bangalore. Upadhyaya employs an innovative zero waste design technique, called Direct Panel on Loom (DPOL) for his fashion label, August.
Mechanization of textile manufacture was one of the prominent outcomes of the 18th century Industrial Revolution. The advent of the power loom and mechanized cotton mill reduced the time lag in a big way, leading to a huge increase in the quantum of production. Along with this, the proliferation of novel materials resulted in enhanced quality and adaptability of fabrics.
The next defining moment was the arrival of computers. Now, from visualization to conceptualization and the final design to the minutest detail, computers began to play a big role. The manufacturing process is now fully automated and quality control procedures are also computer-controlled. The only aberration could be when it comes to customized apparel, which would obviously have the stamp of an individual designer. In keeping with the times, fashion courses nowadays invariably focus on technology in the curriculum to enable prospective designers
Difference between Fashion Design and Fashion Technology and Textile Technology
Students talk of these subjects as if they are one and the same. However, the major difference is that Fashion Design is more about aesthetics whereas Fashion Technology is more about aspects of production. “Fashion Design is something in which you understand garment construction. You learn more about the ornamentation and beautification of a garment. In Fashion technology, you care about optimization of production process so that you get that garment at minimal cost,” Upadhyaya said.
According to Prof. BK Behera, HOD, Department of Textile Technology, IIT-Delhi, “As far as textile technology is concerned, a B.Tech or M.Tech covers the engineering aspect of fibre, yarn, fabric manufacturing, chemical processes like dyeing, printing, finishing and other industrial aspects like machinery, quality control but in Fashion, textile is one of the major component. Fabric is the basic raw material in fashion so the students pursuing fashion should know the basics of the materials they are using. Probably, this aspect is not covered under fashion technology.”
Why B.Tech in Fashion?
B.Tech in Fashion Technology is designed to teach the inside mechanics of textile and fashion, how a fashion portfolio can be created in conjunction with technology to have a holistic view on the design, fashion and garment industry. At the end, the student will be proficient on fashion silhouette, colouring methods, selection of fabric, construction and the accurate value of a garment, quality awareness, consumer behaviour, technological advancement and smart garments. According to B. K. Hyndavi, a first year student of B.Tech (Fashion Technology) at VIT, Chennai, “It is very fruitful. Now, I get a tag of B.Tech and can pursue my dreams with more establishments. My parents found VIT a very secured place to pursue fashion.”
A B.Tech in Fashion Technology inculcates a scientific approach to fashion design and engineering of textile fibres, fabric selection, colouring, clothing, accessories in students. Besides it also gives them insights on artistic approach in developing wearable technologies. “B.Tech (Fashion Technology) programme imparts fashion trends and augmenting technologies to the young minds to cater fashion and garment industries, which is truly contributing to the overall growth of Indian market. In addition to fashion aspects, engineering and recent technological advances are also included in curriculum,” says Dr. Palanirajan, HOD-Fashion Technology at VIT University, Chennai.
Eligibility and selection process
Institutes like Monad University, Hapur, VIT and others admit students who’ve done their full-time 10+2 in science with PCM. To get into B.F.Tech in NIFT, a candidate should not be more than 23 years of age (relaxation of 5 years in case of SC/ST/Differently Abled Person) and clear the entrance test, NIFT-GAT. “NIFT conducts an entrance examination for admission to its courses in Fashion Technology. A candidate is required to clear NIFT-GAT conducted during January-February followed by counselling in the month of June,” says Suman Verma, Course Coordinator and HOD-Fashion Technology, NIFT. A candidate has to apply online for the examination during November to January.
For admission at VIT, one needs to secure an overall aggregate of 60% and above in their +2 (or its equivalent). VIT also gives preference to NIFT-GAT score and the maximum age of a candidate for admission is 22.
For M.F.Tech, a candidate should have completed B.F.Tech from NIFT or BE/B.Tech from any recognized institute or university. There is no age limit.
Duration and fee
The duration of the courses that impart rigorous practical knowledge in the field of Textile, Fashion Design and Technology is 4 years (Bachelor’s) and 2 years (Master’s) respectively. The fee per annum for 4-years B.Tech (Fashion Technology) at VIT is Rs.1,76,000. The fee for B.F.Tech & M.F.Tech at NIFT is around Rs.1lakh per annum.
Course and modules
“B.Tech in Fashion Technology at VIT is a pakka engineering course.”, states Palanirajan. The first year has Maths, Chemistry, Physics, Social Science, Common Science which is common to all B.Tech courses. Technology is introduced by way of basics of textiles. Without having knowledge of fabrics and their processing, students may not be able to design garments their own way. “In our first semester, we did all an engineer does. We touched on mechanical studies, computer science, electronics communication, which were challenging, but fun,” says Hyndavi. The end product, the garment technology is also taught here.
“We’re taught the basics of apparels, production process and textiles. We also learn management subjects like human resource management, organizational behaviour, business communication, statistics, optimization, Java, Visual Basics etc. We learnt almost 90 percent of the curriculum of MBA in this course at NIFT,” says Upadhyaya.
Internship and training
The course provides a platform for students to interact and collaborate with other engineering degree students who create technologies, software programmes and applications. They are provided with hands-on training on Art Work, Fashion Illustration, Surface Embellishment, CAD designing and Portfolio Designing. All the courses in B.Tech Fashion Technology programme have a mandatory industrial visit in the respective field. Many institutes like NIFT have four-week internship programme in the third year.
Fashion tycoons in India have set a benchmark in fashion industry but with the ever increasing market demand in India and abroad, there is much wider scope for designers (see Listing) and fashion technologists.
Most of these students are groomed to be entrepreneurs and develop their own fashion portfolios and manage their fashion studio(s). A few of them will be placed in the mainstream fashion enterprises and its allied industries. As a general trend in the industry, the salary ranges between Rs. 3 lakhs to 4.5 lakhs per annum. “This programme teaches fundamentals of fashion and also sharpens creativity and decision-making abilities of the students which are the essential elements to enterprise fashion and cater to real world expectations,” Dr. Palanirajan sums up the USP of the programme.
Allied Industries Sector
Garment store chains
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TMS Fashion. Indonesia
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