A magnifying glass can create fire by just concentrating the sunrays on a paper, a very interesting experiment in physics performed by every student in practical exams of higher secondary classes. Physics is an important aspect of human life. From taking a step to flying in the sky, physics is involved everywhere. Moreover, physics principles are never bound by the size of an object; like a nuclear bomb, which can destroy a whole city, is the result of reactions between two atoms (smallest unit of matter). Daily, a number of researches are going on different topics of physics but still there are several questions which are unanswered. To get answers to the above mentioned and other unanswered questions of physics, a new branch of engineering has evolved i.e. Engineering Physics. It is a combination Mathematics, Physics and engineering principles. Engineering Physics uses the classical and modern concepts of physics for better technological advancements. The main aim of this branch of engineering is to increase inventions in physics along with enhancing our understanding of physical world and a push to technological advancements.
Studying Engineering Physics helps a student in gaining the knowledge of these two worlds (Engineering and Physics) in a way that one may choose to work in "pure" science, where the practical aspect of Engineering Physics program will help. On the other hand, deep knowledge of physics and mathematics provides an excellent base from which a student can branch out into many disciplines of engineering and applied sciences. The Engineering Physics program will develop skills in students to address new problems in this rapidly changing technological world and to relate fundamental of physics for solving technical problems.
Energy, Environment and Ecology
Computer Aided Engineering Graphics
IITs: IIT Delhi offers MSc in Physics, M.Tech in Applied Optics, M.Tech in Solid State Materials, M.Tech in Optoelectronics and Optical Communication.
IIT Madras conducts MSc program in Physics, and an M.Tech in Solid State Technology.
IIT Roorkee runs two year M.Sc. (Physics) and M.Tech. (Solid State Electronic Materials) programs for graduates in Engineering Physics.
In IIT Kanpur there is also an MSc-PhD dual degree programme in physics for Engineering Physics graduates.
NISER: National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Bhubaneswar is established by the Department of Atomic Energy. The institute offers five-year integrated MSc programme in physic sciences, biological, chemical and mathematical sciences.
IIST: Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Thiruvananthapuram (www.iist.ac.in), offers five-year integrated Master's programme in applied sciences.
Integrated first degree MSc (Hons.) in Physics is offered at Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad campuses of Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS). The selection is based on BITSAT.
Doctoral research programmes
An integrated PhD programme in physical sciences is offered at Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore for first-class physics graduates. S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences conducts an integrated MSc-PhD programme in physical sciences for graduate students in Engineering Physics. Other institutes like Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Institute of Physics, Nuclear Sciences Centre, and Indian Institute of Astrophysics conduct research programmes in applied sciences where students graduated in Engineering Physics can enrol themselves.
Knowledge and skills of Engineering Physicists are generally used in the areas of manufacturing, space research organisations and research laboratories. Professionals from the field of engineering physics design and develop mechanical, electronic and optical equipment systems for use in data acquisition or communications. In order to pursue an excellent career in Engineering Physics, candidates will need strong mathematical, technical and computing skills. Study of Engineering Physics will lead to a career in following areas:
Industrial research and development
Advanced technological developments
Candidates from the field of Engineering Physics could work for a high-tech engineering company, a firm manufacturing technical devices or any company involved in research and development. Engineering physicists can also opt for a career in computer technology, laser technology and software engineering. They could also become scientific entrepreneurs by establishing a company. Government organisations like Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), and National Physical Laboratory hire engineering physicists for research work and in other technical or applied science areas.
Engineering physicists find employment in a variety of areas and they work as staff engineer, scientist and technical director etc. in government departments, private and public sector industries and research institutions.