Architecture: Career option shaping spaces for people to live and work

Architecture-Career-optionIf you are keen on dealing with conceptualizing and construction of cities and buildings, read on to learn about what it takes to become an architect. In this article Careers360 tells you the demand and the process of specializing in this domain.

If you know how to use space and understand what kind of natural as well artificial ingredients will look attractive, you can pursue a profession in architecture. It is a combination of science and creativity. As a field, it covers a number of disciplines, including spatial design, aesthetics, project management and material management. Architects are the ones who design structures right from conception to construction, keeping its beauty, functionality and safety intact.  


Demand for architects

If you want to pursue a career in Architecture, it is imperative for you to know how demanding and fruitful the profession is. Till about four decades ago, people were hardly aware about architects. It was the civil engineer who designed everything around but with growing population, urbanization, people have realized the need for architects. 


According to Dr. Vibhuti Sachdev, Professor and Dean, Sushant School of Art and Architecture, Ansal University, “We are at the threshold of a wave of urbanization that will sweep through India in the coming decades. This means that there will not only be a surge in demand for professionals related to infrastructural development, but a dire need of good architects as well.” 


Birth of School of Planning and Architecture (SPA)

India has a rich architectural heritage, but formal education in architecture is attributed to the British period when Government College of Arts, Calcutta (1854), Sir J. J. College of Architecture, Bombay (1857) began to offer elementary drawing and design classes.     


The story of School of Planning and Architecture (SPA), New Delhi, dates back to the British era when Walter George, an English architect and his colleagues took the lead in establishing an institute in Delhi to train students in architecture. In 1942, the Department of Architecture started as a part of Delhi Polytechnic, Delhi University. The School of Town and Country Planning was started separately.


In 1959, the Department of Architecture of Delhi Polytechnic and the School of Town and Country Planning came together giving birth to SPA in Indraprastha Estate. “Most of our teachers, faculties, students are aware of whatever is happening all over the world and accordingly they take right set of decisions on what should be the future of SPA, what should be future of architecture or planning education,” says Prof. Mandeep Singh, Dean of SPA, who is also an alumnus of the institution.


“We have an Urban Design course which takes care of city and building needs and ensures that the build form is appropriate. Planning is now becoming more and more specialized. The courses of architecture and planning are different, but having them together is beneficial to each,” Prof. Singh added. 


B.Arch programme

Candidates willing to join 5-year Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) programme must qualify 10+2 from CBSE or any equivalent exam with Science and Maths as core subjects. B.Arch is a combination of both Science and Arts. The curriculum of the five-year programme includes both theoretical and studio exercises. The theoretical subjects include History of Architecture, Theory of Structures and Town Planning, History of Art and Climatology and Environmental Studies etc. “The first year is more about the basics for architecture, graphics, theory subjects. From second year, we started designing. There are so many different fields; in graphics we tend to learn about the artistic side of architecture, about product designing, industrial designing and also art in general, in workshops how to use different materials. We are also taught to learn about the associated fields like carpentry, accounts and finances in architecture, how to deal with a contractor and these are taught through different theory subjects. We also learn about civil engineering,” says Hilor Sharma, 3rd year B.Arch student at SPA, who is planning to pursue PG in Urban Designing or Architectural Conservation.


What after UG?

After B.Arch, one can either go for Master’s programmes in India or abroad or choose to practice in the field. The 2-year Master’s offers specializations like Master of Architecture in Architectural Conservation, Master of Urban Design, Master in Landscape Architecture taught in almost all the architecture institutes. “B.Arch degree is a professional degree and when the programme is accredited by the Council of Architecture, the graduate is awarded a license number. This enables a graduate to start practicing immediately as an architect. Also, the education equips the students with several practical and intellectual skills that allow them to work in the fields of art and design,” says  Prof. Sachdev, who completed her PhD in architectural theory at the School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London).


“The B.Arch students look towards studying for a Masters after a couple of years of work-experience. This gives them a specialization and a definitive edge over other professionals in the industry,” Prof. Sachdev sums up.


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