ALL you must know about engg admissions!
Q1. I want to be an engineer? What should I do?
Doctor, Engineer and IAS are the three career options, which every Indian child would have considered at one point or another. And amongst the three, Doctor is a utopian dream since the number of seats is extremely limited, (35K+ at the last count) and the other is an uncertain exam. Engineering, is something which is eminently doable with the substantial increase in the number of seats (adding to 15 lakh-plus now) in the last few years.
Most of us decide we want to be an engineer, with little or no thought beyond the decision to become an engineer. Am I dexterous with hands, can I work for long hours, am I interested in Mechanics, are some of the questions for which you need to find answers yourself. These are questions of aptitude and abilities. There are assessment tests like MBTI, or Holland codes that will help you find your aptitude and skills with respect to engineering profession. But having decided to do engineering, there are a host of other questions that you would seek answers to. What entrance tests to write, how to select a college, how should I prepare, what are the different branches, which are the best colleges, difference between branches, what will I learn and so on. We have identified 99 such questions and answered them for you in the coming pages. Reading them must give you a good perspective on your chosen profession,
Q2. I am a girl. Is engineering good for me?
Yes. There is a myth that non-circuit branches like Mechanical or Automobile Engineering are not suitable for a woman. Though it is a fact that both these disciplines demand a very high order or physical endurance, anybody irrespective of gender could study if he/she can stand the physical strain. In fact in Uttrakhand Technical University, the women who are pursuing Mechanical Engineering in Dehradun campus are excelling in different aspects much ahead of boys. So if you can withstand the long hours in workshops, just don’t worry, go ahead with any branch you like.
Q3. What is the minimum academic qualification for appearing in JEE-Main 2013 exam?
Candidate must have passed the final examination of class XII or its equivalent referred to as qualifying examination. Candidates appearing for the same in 2013 may also appear for the exam provisionally.
Q4. How many attempts can one make in JEE-Main?
Candidates can make three attempts. The candidates who passed 12th exam in 2011 or 2012 or appearing in 2013 are eligible to appear in JEE (Main) 2013. Those who passed XII in 2010 or before or appearing in 2014 are not eligible.
Q5. What is the age limit to apply for JEE-Main?
Only those candidates whose date of birth falls on or after October 01, 1988 are eligible. However, in case of SC, ST, PWD the upper age limit is relaxed by five years.
Q6. What is the eligibility for those who have qualified 10+2 in 2012 for JEE-Advanced 2013?
In respect of those students who passed their Board exam for the first time in 2012, the eligibility criteria for joining any of the IITs or ISM Dhanbad will be 60% marks in their 12th Board or equivalent (55% for SC/ST/PWD candidates).
For those candidates who will appear in their Board exams for the first time in 2013, the eligibility criteria will remain ‘top 20 percentile of the successful candidates’ in their Boards, category-wise. This will be a one time exception for JEE-Advanced 2013 only. For those students who passed their 12th Board exams in 2012 but are re-appearing in the 2013 Board exams with a view to improve their performance, 60% rule will apply if they use their 2012 Board exam results and ‘top 20 percentile’ rule will apply if they use their 2013 Board exam results. This too will be a one-time exception for JEE-Advanced 2013 only.
Q7. Can I improve XII results through two subjects?
You cannot improve in one or two subjects and add them to the previous years’ performance. You will have to appear in all the subjects as applicable under your respective Board.
Q8. Is there negative marking in JEE-Main 2013?
Yes. The objective type questions with four options will have one correct answer. For each incorrect response, 1/4 mark would be deducted. But no response will not attract penalty.
Q9. What will be the admission criteria for State Engineering Colleges?
If any state opts to admit students in the engineering colleges affiliated to state universities and requires separate merit list to be provided based on relative weightages adopted by the states, the merit list shall be prepared with such relative weightages as may be indicated by the states. As of now Gujarat state has opted for the same.
Q10. Now that the Board exam marks are also being taken into account, will this mean taking the marks of all five subjects in the Board or only Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry?
The percentile rank of students are to be based on the scores obtained from adding the marks obtained in the Board examination in the following subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and one language. In other words the percentile marks/ranking will be based on all the subjects of the qualifying examination and not only on subjects in the science stream.
Q11. What will be the criteria for seeking admission to all the IITs?
Only Top 150,000 candidates of JEE-Main will be able to qualify for JEE-Advanced Examination. Admissions to IITs will be based only on category-wise All India Rank (AIR) in JEE- Advanced. Also candidate needs to be in the top 20 percentile (category-wise) in their respective Boards/Qualifying Examinations.
Q12. How they are going to process XII Exam marks in JEE-Main?
The JEE Main Result will specify the percentile rank of a student in the respective Board. The percentile rank of a student in the Board would be based on the following formula - (cl + 0.5fi)/N*100 where
cl :- It is the count of all scores less than the score of candidate,
fi :- the number of students with the same score
N :- Number of examinees in sample.
*As Mentioned in Minutes of Joint Meeting of Council of IITs, NITs and IIITs held on 28th May, 2012
Q13. Which are the modes in which JEE-Main examination and JEE-Advanced will be conducted?
The JEE-Main Examination would be conducted in mix mode - Online Computer-Based Test and Offline. The latter implies that it is a Pen and Paper-based Examination. The JEE- Advanced will be conducted only in the Offline mode. This will be held on Sunday, June 2, 2013 as per the schedule given below:
Paper 1: 09.00 to 12.00 hrs (IST)Paper 2: 14.00 to 17.00 hrs (IST)
Q14. What kind of scholarships are available?
Educational loans mitigate the impact to some extent but for the fear of repayment, candidates any day prefer scholarship(s). There are a range of them for pursuing BE/BTech. And they usually fit in any of these:
Open Merit scholarships: These are prestigious ones that fully or partially fund your entire education. Usually held on the basis of an exam which is open to all BE/BTech aspirants with certain eligibility norms, here the sole consideration is your merit. They do not require any return commitment, hence are exceptionally competitive.
Institute’s Merit scholarships: These are institute-specific offerings that only consider your merit, either in the qualifying exam, or in the previous year’s exam if it is for an in-course scholarship. They also do not require any return commitment.
Merit-cum-Means scholarships: These are more common and consider the economic conditions of recipients in addition to their academic merit. Some colleges have an absolute minimum, but others give preference to those with lower income.
Earn-while-you-learn scheme: One is expected to provide 15-20 hours of work in terms of tutoring juniors, research assistance etc. in lieu of the incentive. Very few colleges, however, offer lucrative schemes.
Merit awards: These are lump-sum awards which students get, especially in the second year onwards. They could be for a specific subject/domain or even a project.
One should always look for specific scholarships in the non-institute specific category, which invite budding engineering graduates to a common assessment scheme either through test or interview. There are quite a few: Indian Oil, OP Jindal, L’OrÃ©al India for Young Women in Science, Central Sector Scheme of Scholarship etc. One may refer: www.engineering.careers360.com/scholarships/scholarships-in-india
Q15. Which are the common entrance exams for undergraduate engineering programmes other than those for IITs and State-level institutes?
The list of entrance exams is as under (A-Z), most of which are institute-specific tests. The details of the same can be seen at:
Aligarh Muslim University: Aligarh Muslim University Engineering Entrance Exam
Amrita University: Amrita Engineering Entrance Exam 2013 - AEEE 2013
ATIT: All India Admission Test ICFAI University
Banasthali University: Banasthali University Aptitude Test
BEEE: Bharat University Engineering Entrance Exam
BITSAT: Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test
BSAUEEE: BS Abdur Rehman University Engineering Entrance Exam
BVPCET: Bharati Vidyapeeth UniversityEngineering Entrance Examination
CIPET JEE: Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology Joint Entrance Exam
CUSAT CAT: Cochin University of Science and Technology Common Aptitude Test
DAIICT: Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology
DTU: Delhi Technological University
GITAM GAT: GITAM University
IIIT Delhi: Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi Engineering Entrance Exam
IPU CET: Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test
ISAT: Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Admission Test
IUET: Integral University Entrance Test
JMI EEE: Jamia Milia Islamia Engineering Entrance Examination
KEE: Karunya University Entrance Exam
KIITEE: Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Examination
KLU EEE: KLU Engineering Entrance Exam
KRLMPCA CET: Karnataka Religious & Linguistic Minority Professional Colleges Association Common Entrance Test
LNMIIT: L N Mittal IIT, Entrance Exam
Manipal ENAT: Manipal University Online Entrance Test
NSIT: Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology
PDPU: Pandit Deendyal Petroleum University
SAAT: Shiksha O’ Anusandhan University Entrance Test
SUEE: Sastra University Entrance Exam
SRMEEE: SRM University Engineering Exam
Symbiosis SET: Symbiosis Entrance Test
TMISAT: Tolani Martime Institute of Science Aptitude Test
UPESEAT: University of Petroleum & Energy Studies Engineering Aptitude Test
VITEEE: VIT Engineering Entrance Exam
VTUEEE: VelTech Technical University Entrance Examination
Q16. How does one find out which college provides quality education?
There are some parameters that you should consider –
Infrastructure - A fully-residential campus usually provides a better environment; How good are the labs in the discipline of your choice? Do they have modern equipment, and enough numbers of books, journals; AV aids; sports etc
Faculty – How many (an optimal student to teacher ratio between 6 and 10 is ideal); active in research (being aware of latest developments result in better illustration of concepts); and qualification (PhD and from which institute)
Status of Institute - A university status typically would mean greater academic freedom for innovation. Brand image - brand recall should not be due to heavy advertising rather should be reflected through achievements of their alumni and the research output of institute’s community
Curriculum: How often it is updated?, How many courses do they teach? (Too many courses may adversely reflect on quality of teaching). Curriculum flexibility (How many electives does it offer, do they offer a lot of choice in them?)
Alumni - What do they do? (Jobs is fine and if they also go for higher education, it shows that the institute has been successful in igniting the interest of learning).
Accreditation by NAAC or NBA
Student activities and their participation in administration
“A critical parameter for assessing education quality is campus placement–the better & timely it is, the better is the institute. But this is certainly not the only factor”
“If you consider the high quality of education that private universities offer and operating costs involved, it is bound to reflect on the fees to some extent”
Q17. What is the cost of a B.Tech course in general?
With the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) revising the existing fees in respect of undergraduate studies from Rs. 50,000 per annum to Rs. 90,000 per annum from the academic year 2013-14 and also stating that the fee structure would be reviewed every year; it is evident that the cost of engineering education would increase incrementally on a year-on-year basis.
The cost of engineering education varies substantially across engineering institutions. Since nearly 1.1 million of the over 1.4 million seats in undergraduate engineering courses are in the unaided category, the average cost of pursuing a four-year B.Tech programme is at least Rs. 5-7 lakhs -a figure beyond the reach of majority of aspirants. However, owing to the fact that over the last few years, a large number of seats are also not getting filled especially in tier-3 and tier 4 institutes, one should not be surprised if you come across cost negotiations during admissions this year.
Q18. What is the relevance of counselling?
CounselLing is the stage that decides which college and which branch you are going to get. Though a subsequent change is possible, it is subject to a many conditions. When the rank is in thousands and you have to select one from hundred ordinary institutes, mistakes are bound to happen. With the number of engineering colleges rising every year, getting admission is not that big a problem. What is important is getting admission to a good institute in the branch of your choice.
Q19. How do I make best use of counselling?
Immediately after the result of the test is out, you will come to know your rank, and you can guess in which branch and institution you are likely to get admission. In counselling, candidates are called according to their rank and are asked to write down their priorities of branch and college. Candidates with higher rank are first given a seat of their choice. Your fate for a seat is decided by the seats left and your ranking. So before going for counselling, decide the priority order of branch and college. Important thing to note is that your priorities should be in accordance with your rank. If the choice you make doesn’t match your rank, mentioning it will be of no use.
Prof Prem Vrat,
“Learning to learn is one basic trait that enables one to update oneself fast to retain the employability quotient since knowledge doubles every 72 hours”
Q20. How tough it is to get into IITs, specifically in terms of applicant to selection ratio?
No of aspirants
No of seats
Among the sixteen IITs, the first to be established IIT in 1950 - IIT Kharagpur has the maximum intake of 1341. IIT Roorkee (1159) and IIT-BHU (1057) also have a large intake. Similarly among NITs, the maximum numbers of seats are in NIT Calicut (907), NIT-Raipur (893) and NIT Kurukshetra (832) for the year 2012-13 (See the Table on NITs).
Name of the Institute
No of seats (JEE-2012)
IT BHU (Varanasi)
Q22. How many seats are there in Engineering in India? What is the break-up in respective states?
There are over 15 lakh engineering seats in the country. Among the States, Andhra Pradesh has the maximum number of colleges (704) with 3.4 lakh seats followed by Tamil Nadu (498), Maharashtra (350) and Uttar Pradesh (329) with nearly 2.4, 1.5 and 1.4 lakh seats respectively.
No. of Engg. Colleges
A & N Islands
J & K
Q23. How many seats were vacant in NITs in 2012-13 and what is the break-up against each NIT?
Name of the NITs
Sanctioned Seats (2012-13)
No. of Vacant seats
Total (A - old NITs)
Total (B - New NITs)
Grand Total (A+B)
Q24. What is the thumb-rule in choosing an engineering college?
It depends on your entrance test score juxtaposed with the course you wish to opt for. However, the rule of thumb for prioritizing admission based on the student and faculty responses is:
Established IITs - Top priority
Established NITs - Second Priority
Established players – Next level
New players who have brand recall -Next level
But life isn’t easy for students since admissions schedule do not follow this criterion. The deemed universities begin their counselling quite early and some of the established colleges too do the same before counselling is finalised for IIT-JEE.
Q25. Does coaching help in preparation?
There are two different views about it. Most of the students think that it is very important. “Yes, it helps a lot because we do lots of practice and also understand all the tricks and techniques for learning and solving problems quickly,” says Vivek Dixit, studying in Bansal Classes, Kota. Student of class 12th in Manav Rachna International School, Arjun Lamba thinks that though it gives an overall idea about the level of exam, the pattern and probable questions; one should not be very much dependent on it. He says, “I am taking a two-month crash course after boards to crack JEE Mains, BITSAT, VIT etc and have applied for distance coaching of Bansal Classes Kota.”
Q26- What’s the down side of depending on coaching?
Most of the faculty members of engineering institutes think that it is not good for students. “Coaching certainly helps students in cracking the entrance test but because of this, institutes are not able to get the real and raw intelligence. “The purpose of getting raw talented students is not fulfilled,” says Prahlad Kulkarni, Principal, Pune Institute of Computer Technology, Pune. A few other faculty members from premier institutes echo the same viewpoint. “Due to the coaching culture, students emphasize more on problem-solving rather than understanding the basics. Due to this they are able to crack the entrance tests but their learning capability is severely compromised,” says Dr Abhijit Kushari, Associate Professor, IIT Kanpur. “Coaching helps in cracking the entrance test but not in preparing to be a good engineer,” he added. So the students must choose their way to prepare according to their priority keeping all these points in mind.
“While preparing for entrance tests, if students start towards the end, they may have to give 8-10 hours but if they start early, 3-4 hours for self-study is sufficient”
“Coaching certainly helps students in cracking the entrance test but because of the same, institutes are not able to get the real and raw intelligence”
“Yes, coaching helps a lot because we do lot of practice and also understand all the tricks and techniques for learning and solving problems quickly”
“Coaching gives an overall idea about the level of exam, its pattern and probable questions, however, one should not be very much dependent on it”
Q27- Do nations like China and India have an edge for those pursuing S&T, Engg. & Math (STEM)?
Experts in this field think that these two countries have a lot of potential in these domains and in the coming years they will grow very fast. “These are technology-driven economies and more technocrats are required here. And hence there is lot of scope for the growth of these branches,” says Dr Abhijit Kushari, Associate Professor at IIT Kanpur. Another faculty member from IISER, Bhopal, Dr Saptrishi Mukherjee has a similar opinion. He says, “In the last few years, these domains have grown like anything in these countries. And the inflow of money in them has been very good.” But they are concerned about quality. Dr Abhijit says, “Quantity is not an issue rather quality is, if we talk about engineering institutes in India.” IIT Guwahati Director, Dr Gautam Barua says, “I can’t say anything about China but in India there are not enough faculty. It is very hard to get admission in a good engineering college for students. So this side should be taken care of.”
Q28- How much time should one normally devote to prepare for engineering entrance tests?
Ramesh Batlish, Head, FIITJEE, Noida says, “It depends upon the preparation of a student. If the student starts preparing towards the end, he may have to give 8-10 hours but if he starts in much advanced stage, 3-4 hours for self-study is sufficient.” From XI-XII, one should study at least 4-6 hours a day which should stretch to 8 hours during weekends. Students do think that whatever they read, revision matters a lot. “I joined coaching class of 4-hour duration in XIth. After coming from coaching class, I used to revise for three hours, one hour for each subject. Actually hours do not matter. How much you revise matters a lot,” says Nikita Khanna a class XII student from Hansraj Model School, Punjabi Bagh, New Delhi who is preparing for JEE Mains, BITS and VIT entrance tests.
Q29- How and where should I apply for the education loans?
The students can take loan from nationalised and private banks and also from the companies offering education loans. It is always advisable to take education loan from nationalised banks as they are a little liberal.
One should also understand that good banks have a dedicated team in their education loan division who have a fair understanding of the education scenario in the country and considerable knowledge about good and bad institutions in India and abroad. This team diligently conducts a preliminary research if the institute where you have been admitted is new or not known in the public domain. Thus it makes sense for you to apply for an education loan to get another trustworthy opinion from the loan provider.
There are different sources for getting detailed information about education loans, interest rates, terms and tenure for loan of various banks. The students may visit https://www.apnapaisa.com/loan/education-loan-india/best.html?q=education+loan for an overview.
“While considering education loans one should apply online as processing happens very quickly. Students can also consider camps organised by banks in the institutes”
Q30- What is the duration for repayment of loan?
For a few schemes, the parents pay the interest rate during the course and in a few others the students pay the entire amount after doing the course. Just after joining the job, the student has to start repaying his/her loan within 6 months. Even if one does not get a job immediately after the course, one gets one year time for repaying. A holiday period is the maximum time given to the student before he/she needs to start paying back the principal loan in Equated Monthly Installments (EMIs). However, if one starts working just after completing the course, one would not enjoy the holiday period.
Q31- What is the eligibility for getting education loan?
Any Indian citizen fulfilling the conditions for taking loan may get education loan. The eligibility varies from course to course and one should ensure that they are met. The institution (where admission is confirmed) should be recognized by the government and the concerned affiliating/regulating agencies like AICTE, UGC, MCI, BCI etc. Also the student will have to produce all the required documents like proof of admission and expenses, financial support, the recognition letter of the institute and so on. In most of the cases, the parents of the students have to bear 10-15% of the total expenses.
Q32- What is the maximum loan; what does it cover?
Students on the basis of their requirement may take loan up to Rs. 10 lakhs. In case of studying abroad, they can take loan up to Rs. 20 lakhs. For loan up to Rs. 4 lakhs, no guarantee is required. But from Rs. 4-7.5 lakhs, some guarantee is required. For the loan amount for above Rs. 7.5 lakhs, the student will have to deposit collateral security.
In education loan, the tuition fees for the course at the desired college, hostel charges, exam fee, library fee, purchase of books, laptop etc. and even project work, travel expenses on account of studies, at times even a two-wheeler is covered.
Q33- What kind of action I can take, if the institute is asking for donations?
The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) Chairman Dr SS Mantha shares, “We have a grievance redressal mechanism within AICTE. A grievance redressal form is available on our AICTE website.” The students can write a letter to AICTE also. “Depending upon the emergency we take all the necessary action. In case the institute is found guilty, Chapter 4 of the approval process handbook lists all the penalties for violation of norms, and proper action is taken against the institute,” he elucidates.
Many students face such difficulties during admissions and keeping that in view the Council is trying its best to put a system in place to solve such issues that relate to donations. He also shares that even before approaching AICTE the students can approach the internal grievance redressal mechanism of the institute. If that system does not respond properly they can approach the Ombudsman within the university, which is expected to provide proper hearing. But the students may write to AICTE at any point of time. Details about Ombudsman is available on AICTE’s website and any student can download it. According to him, nearly 60% technical and management institutes have grievance redressal mechanisms.
Dr SS mantha,
“The students may write to AICTE at any point of time. The details about Ombudsman is available on AICTE’s website and any student can download the same”
Q34- How many hours of study will I be expected to do while pursuing Engineering?
“Engineering is not easy at all. I used to think that one or two hours of self-study would be sufficient. But considering lot of practical work and tests, I have to study at least 3-4 hours on a daily basis. I used to revise regularly, whatever is taught in the class,” shares Piyush Rawat, B.Tech 1st year student at Indraprastha Engineering College, Ghaziabad. A few students think that it depends upon person to person but for understanding the basic concepts of engineering, one needs to study regularly. The common response, however, from students in their final year conveyed that though the response would vary from person to person; still the first two years are more rigorous - and then you get used to it. “I love doing project work and find it the best way to study,” says Aparna Kale, B.Tech 3rd year student at Pune Institute of Computer Technology, Pune. Many students admit that learning while doing is the best way to compensate for rote learning which otherwise takes a lot of time. Aparna further says, “When there are projects, there is no time limit attached to the same, otherwise I usually study 2-3 hours daily, revising what I learn in the classes.”
“When there are projects, there is no time limit attached to the same, otherwise I usually study 2-3 hours daily for revising the concepts that I learn in the classes”
Q35- How should I prepare for Engineering Entrance test?
“Topping IIT JEE was my aim and I just worked in that direction. I did a lot of hard work but time management played an important role in this,” shares last year’s IIT JEE topper Arpit Agrawal. He is currently pursuing B.Tech in Computer Science from IIT Delhi. “Apart from school and coaching, one gets very less time for self studies. So one needs to plan out well and if you are able to manage 4-5 hours of studies every day, its’ more than enough,” he further elucidated. Some students state that clearing doubts as and when they come to you helps in saving time as well as understanding the logic. So, one should not wait for too long or still worse, go on to memorise the concepts. On the other hand experts emphasize on long-term strategy. “The students should go for long-term strategy. Looking at the competition and exposure, they should start preparing much advanced like from class 9th,” says Ramesh Batlish, Head, FIITJEE, Noida. “And hence they will be better aware about their strengths and weaknesses. They should not start preparing towards the end,” he added.
An IIT faculty advises to focus more on understanding the basics of the three core subjects. “I think one should understand the basics properly first and then go for problem-solving for becoming a good engineer,” says Dr Abhijit Kushari, Associate Professor, IIT Kanpur.
Q36- Freshers! How to face cultural shocks?
After completing school, when a student joins any college, it is like a new phase of life for him/her. One gets the chance to meet people with different backgrounds. Prof. GC Nandi, Dean (Academic) at IIIT-Allahabad says. “I have noticed that majority of the new students enjoy their first year in the college. But some students find it difficult to stay without parents. So the institutes should try to facilitate a cordial environment so that the students feel comfortable.” One should thus be positive in their attitude just like Arjun Lamba, a class XII student of Manav Rachna International School who says, “Right now, I don’t know which college I am going to join, but I know, wherever I would join it would be a great fun as I have been in boarding school for a long time. I think interacting with new people would be a great experience.” From someone like Arpit, who cracked JEE with top honours, it sounds that four years of B.Tech would be among the most memorable time of your life.
“Initially, interacting with students from different background is an experience in itself. But after some time you tend to forget the identities and start knowing them by their talent and skills. Like students of IIT are known as IITians”
Q37- How many institutes are running integrated courses in engineering? What is the benefit?
According to the information given by AICTE Chairman, Dr SS Mantha, the Council approved 172 institutes for running integrated and dual degree programmes, last year.
According to the experts of this field, integrated programmes are good for those, who want to go for research. “We have seen that most of the students after doing B.Tech wish to do a job and they don’t opt for research. But, I think the integrated courses such as B.Tech-M.Tech, encourage the students for research,” says Prof. GC Nandi, Dean (Academic) and HoD (IT Section) at IIIT Allahabad. Dr RV Raja Kumar, VC, Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies (RGUKT), Hyderabad shares that all the three RGUKT campuses in Andhra Pradesh offer unique six-year integrated 10+2-B.Tech programme for which the eligibility is class X. Eighty percent students, who are top scorers, however, come from rural areas.
RV RAJA KUMAR,
“Integrated B.Tech at RGUKT offers a unique opportunity for meritorious class X students particularly in rural areas to study engineering with major & minor specialisations”
Q38- Which books should I refer to study/prepare?
Physics: NCERT Books of XI & XII, Concepts of Physics by HC Verma, Problems in Physics by IE Irodov, Fundamentals of Physics by David Halliday, Robert Resnick & Jearl Walker; Advance Level Physics by M Nelkon & P Parker.
Chemistry: NCERT Books of Class 11th and 12th, Numerical Chemistry by P Bahadur, Numerical Chemistry by RC Mukherjee, Organic Chemistry by TW Graham Solomons and Craig Fryhle, Concise Inorganic Chemistry by JD Lee and Organic Chemistry by Paula Yurkanis Bruice.
Maths: Objective Maths by RD Sharma, Problems in Calculus by IA Maron, Higher Algebra by Hall & Knight, Elements of Coordinate Geometry & Trigonometry both by SL Loney.
Q39- Should I choose IISER instead?
For many engineering graduates, these new institutions which offer integrated five-year programmes in Sciences and Engineering has become one of the most coveted options. The Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research, set up in Kolkata, Trivandrum and other places offer a very good alterative to conventional B.Tech programmes. But the primary difference is that the IISERs at the end of the day are focussed on Sciences. Their target is to train young minds in they ways of research and enable to prosecute high end research both in pure and applied domains. So unless, you have very strong research bend of mind, and you have an established problem- solving streak, these institutions may not serve your purpose.
Q40- How much does my 12th grades matter during admissions to an engineering college?
“After the recent changes made in JEE and few others, 12th grades will matter a lot. Students would now need to focus on their board exams too to get admission in premier institutes,” says Ramesh Batlish, Head FIITJEE, Noida. Those in top 20 percentile only would be eligible to appear in JEE advanced.
Many private engineering colleges consider 12th marks during admissions. “12th marks carry at least 50% weightage during admission to the B.Tech programme in our institute,” says Admission Head of Ansal Institute of Technology, Gurgaon. She further shares, “We think that the basics of students should be clear, which we get to know from academic records”.
Roop Narayan, Admission Coordinator at ABES, Ghaziabad however, states that 85% seats in B.Tech are filled on the basis of entrance test but remaining 15% management quota seats are filled on the basis of both academic performance and test.
Q41- Is it good to go for a branch from among 6 main ones or can I choose niche ones?
The obvious choice for freshers is to go for five disciplines considered as ‘evergreen’ and ‘key’ - Computer Science, Information Technology, Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics and Civil. Branch selection is often crucial and one must research well before deciding. “I chose IT and that too in a very ordinary college. No one was there to guide me and I am suffering till now. It has been almost an year since I completed my B.Tech but still have not found any job. Not a single company came to my college. I wish I would have chosen some other branch in some good college,” shares disappointed Shweta Jha, alumni of an engineering institute in Meerut.
Field experts say that it should be based upon the interest of the student but one should choose carefully with the guidance of good people. Dr Abhijit Kushari, Associate Professor at IIT Kanpur says, “We find that most of the students follow others and because of that we are suffering with quality issues. They need to understand the difference between basic engineering and application of engineering.” He further explains that essentially in classical engineering department or basic science engineering courses like Civil, Chemical, Mechanical etc, the emphasis is more on basic course of sciences and in advance courses the emphasis is more on application of engineering like composites, computational techniques, manufacturing processes etc. “As far as I know, the basic structure is same for engineering but while going for advanced courses or niche ones, students should not follow others and should choose as per their personal motives,” he said.
Q42- How do I know if a particular branch interests me or not?
Students should note that whatever be the branch their choice must be updated with latest trends. One should honestly search for an answer within if the typical branch that leads to a certain professional profile will complement his/her abilities, say a few years down the line. If they choose any branch from classical engineering, they should have knowledge of IT to enhance employability. If one wants to go to industry, he may typically choose Civil, Mechanical, Electrical; but if one wishes to work in services such as software, one may opt for IT, computers or advanced branches.