Agricultural and Irrigation Engineering
Agricultural and irrigation engineering is a branch of engineering which aims to delve into the agricultural development. Agriculture and irrigation are inter-dependent. Agriculture is about farming of crops and the livelihood of the majority of population in India. The sub branches of Agriculture Engineering include animal biology, plant biology, mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles. Agriculture engineering deals with the various technologies that are incorporated in the agriculture process in order to increase the productivity. Irrigation is the process of watering agricultural land and crops in order to enhance the growth of the crop. Irrigation process also deals with protecting plant against frost, suppressing weed growth, dust suppression, disposal of sewage and preventing soil consolidation. Agricultural and Irrigation Engineering is studying about the technology and methods behind augmenting the growth of crop.
Core subjects – The core subjects include Principles of Crop Production, Soil Science and Engineering, Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering, Environmental Science and Engineering, Fluid Mechanics, Irrigation Engineering, Groundwater and Well Engineering, Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Watershed Development, Seed Technology Application, Post Harvesting Technology among others.
Further Education – After completing BE or B.Tech in Agricultural and Engineering, you can pursue ME or M.Tech in various specializations of the course or go for research.
Job profiles – After completing the program, you may get the following job profiles to work on:
Agricultural Project Engineer
Irrigation Design Engineer
Farm Irrigation Consultant
Seed Production Specialist
Project Manager – Irrigation
Site Engineer – Canal Works
Top recruiters – The top recruiters for students of Agriculture and Irrigation Engineers are State Department of Agriculture, private firms dealing with plantation, NGOs working for agriculture development, Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI) also offers research and employment as junior research fellow and agricultural scientists.