Agricultural engineering deals with the science and technology of producing food grains. The discipline applies engineering science and technology to agricultural production and processing. Agricultural engineering combines the disciplines of animal biology, plant biology and mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles with the knowledge of agriculture principles.
As a branch of engineering, Agricultural & Food Engineering covers a wide range of areas in the pre and post-harvest technology for crops. It focuses on processing of food, packaging, machinery, ingredient manufacturing, instrumentation and control.
After completion of this course, you will gain definite knowledge about various techniques on how to undertake research & development on food products.
The curriculum for Agricultural & Food Engineering is basically designed to attract the aspirants towards the proper implementation of technology in the field of agriculture and production, processing, packaging, safety and/or transportation of food. The course curriculum trains the students to acquire specialized knowledge in Farm Machinery and Power, Land and Water Resources Engineering and Food Process Engineering. Students are taught basic subjects including Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Mechanics in the initial phase. Different skills like drawing, spatial perception and problem solving techniques have been incorporated through specialized courses in order to enrich the expertise of the aspirants. Students are also introduced to their responsibilities towards environment and safety of food products and processing.
The candidates, who wish to pursue Agricultural & Food Engineering, must have passed Higher Secondary Board Exam with Science Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry in combination from a recognized board in India, securing at least 50% marks in aggregate.
Personal skills required for pursuing Agricultural & Food Engineering:
Time management and organizational skills
Farm Machinery and Power Workshop
Crop Production Technology
Farm implements & Machinery
Dairy and Food Engineering
Principles of Food Engineering
After completion of B.Tech/BE, one can also opt for M.Tech/MS in various specializations. For M.Tech/MS degree course, candidates are selected on the basis of GATE score. However, candidates with exceptional performance in their qualifying degree may be offered direct admission in some institutes. Many engineering colleges also offer M.Tech/MS programme in Agricultural & Food Engineering with different specializations. PhD programmes are another option. The IITs and NITs are among the top premier institutes that offer M. Tech courses in Agricultural & Food Engineering.
In recent times, Indian government is interested to implement modern techniques and tactics for building a strong base in the field of agriculture. Many IIM alumni are also engaged in building their start-ups with view to providing services to agricultural sectors. After the ‘Green revolution’, India has witnessed a sea change in the field of agriculture. It also enabled our country to meet the domestic requirement and not to rely on foreign aid and foreign imports for food security.
In terms of agricultural land, India holds the second place in the world with 179.9 million hectares and also ranks second worldwide in farm output. As per the data published by the Central Statistics Office, the contribution of Agriculture and Allied Sectors to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in India is Rs.799,996 crores for the year 2013-14. In the past few years, India has witnessed a tremendous growth in the field of Agriculture. As per the report of Ministry of Agriculture, India produces more than 260 million tonnes of food grains. In addition, its various allied sectors including horticulture, dairy, fishery have improved in a great way.
In spite of positive response in agriculture sector, during the last three decades India still needs technology driven solutions for agriculture and farming sectors. This would only be possible through proper implementation of technology driven solutions.
Thus, there is an urgent need of experts armed with technical knowledge in agricultural aspects. There is an urgent need of engineers in order to increase the yield of food grains and the growth of food processing industry, along with up-to-date techniques and tactics.
To meet the needs, Food Processing Industry has been gaining impetus in India. There is an urgent need of application of various methods and techniques to transform raw ingredients into food for consumption. In addition, processing of food also leads to food preservation, enhancement of flavors and reduction of toxins used in food products.
Product Design Engineers
Research and development
Operation of manufacturing, packaging and distributing systems
Design and installation of production process
Marketing and technical support for manufacturing plants
Name of the Institutes
Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University
Allahabad University (Allahabad Agriculture Institute)
Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidyalaya
Chandra Shekhar Azad Agricultural University
Chaudhari Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University
Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vishwavidyalaya
G B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology
Kerala Agricultural University
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vishwavidyalaya
Marathwada Krishi Vishwavidyalaya
Punjab Agricultural University
Rajendra Agricultural University
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University , Coimbatore
University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad
Gujarat Agricultural Technology
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