Aerospace engineering is an independent discipline of engineering which deals with the science of aircraft and spacecraft. It consists of two key branches – aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Aeronautical engineering focuses on how things fly in the atmosphere of the Earth and it also deals with designing and building of aircraft and missiles. On the other hand, Astronautical engineering emphasizes on the broad applications of advanced science and space technology for smooth operation of aerospace. Like many other engineering disciplines, Aerospace Engineering has greatly influenced human life. Most of the technological advancements in Aerospace Engineering have become part of our daily life. Today, Aerospace Engineering has come a long way with major developments like navigation instruments and communications systems.
As a branch of engineering, Aerospace Engineering focuses on manufacturing, planning, maintaining and designing of aircrafts and spacecrafts. Though a general perception is that both Aeronautical Engineering and Aerospace Engineering are same, but in reality both are quite different. Candidates interested in pursuing a career in Aerospace Engineering have two options after class 12th, undergraduate programme of four years’ duration (BE/B. Tech) and dual degree programme of five years’ duration. The subjects that form core of the Aerospace Engineering programmes include:
Introduction to Electrical and Electronics Circuits: In this module, basic knowledge about electrical and electronic circuits imparted to the students.
Introduction to Engineering Design: Importance is given on the series of steps used by engineers to create functional products and process.
Solid Mechanics: As a branch of continuum mechanics, it studies about the behaviour of solid materials.
Introduction to Numerical Analysis: It is concerned with the development of algorithms for solving all kinds of problems of continuous mathematics.
Thermodynamics: As a branch of physics, it is concerned with heat and temperature.
Fluid Mechanics: Aerospace Structural Mechanics
Aerospace Structure Computing
Statics Propulsion Calculus
Flight Vehicle control
Solid Mechanics Calculus
Aerospace Structural Mechanics
Experimental Methods in Fluid Mechanics
Going for a job after graduation is solely a choice of an Aerospace Engineer. After completion of graduate degree in Aerospace Engineering, excellent higher studies options are available in India. Renowned institutes like IIT Kanpur, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras and IIT Kharagpur, offer the postgraduate technical degree (M.Tech) in Aerospace Engineering. IISc, Bangalore and NITs host summer internship programmes for engineering students. The internship programmes of IISc are free of cost and extend up to three months. An engineering graduate may pursue specialization or can choose an internship programme as per his/her interest.
Aerospace engineers are in high demand in the field of designing of new products, including missiles, rockets, military & commercial aircraft, remotely piloted planes, drones & helicopters and spacecraft.
Over the last couple of years, India has emerged as the world’s largest arm buyers from major defence manufacturers such as USA, Israel, Russia, UK and France. The Ministry of Defence has taken various initiatives to make a significant growth path in the defence sector. The initiatives taken by the Government of India include increase in FDI, delicensing of non-lethal and dual use items and a declared export strategy. With the announcement of “Make in India” campaign, sectors like defence and electronics manufacturing have picked up momentum. Since 2001, the defence sector was officially opened to the private sectors. The Indian industry is in favour of the move, and more oriented to repeat its success in areas like space, atomic energy and automotive sectors. To establish a modern defence industrial complex, FICCI has been engaged in continuous dialogue with the Ministry of Defence. The present scenario shows a bright job prospect for the Aerospace Engineering professionals.
Mechanical design engineers
Aerospace designer checker
Assistant technical officers
Aircraft production managers
Thermal design engineers
Quality Control Inspector
Indian Institute for Aeronautical Engineering & Information Technology